Form 10-K
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-K

 

 

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED February 4, 2018

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     

Commission File No. 001-35664

 

 

Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   35-2382255

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

2481 Mañana Drive

Dallas, Texas

  75220
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (214) 357-9588

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of exchange on which registered

Common Stock $0.01 par value   NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

 

Indicate by checkmark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by checkmark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by checkmark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge in definitive proxy or informational statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ☒

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer   ☐  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company  
Emerging Growth Company       

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

As of July 30, 2017, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s outstanding common equity held by non-affiliates was $2,505,196,515.

The number of shares of the Issuer’s common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding as of March 28, 2018, was 39,666,418 shares.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Part III hereof incorporates certain information by reference from the registrant’s definitive proxy statement for its 2017 annual meeting of shareholders, which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the registrant’s fiscal year ended February 4, 2018.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

FOR FISCAL YEAR ENDED FEBRUARY 4, 2018

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page  
   PART I   
ITEM 1.   

BUSINESS

     3  
ITEM 1A.   

RISK FACTORS

     14  
ITEM 1B.   

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

     25  
ITEM 2.   

PROPERTIES

     26  
ITEM 3.   

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

     27  
ITEM 4.   

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

     27  
   PART II   
ITEM 5.   

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

     28  
ITEM 6.   

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

     30  
ITEM 7.   

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

     31  
ITEM 7A.   

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

     49  
ITEM 8.   

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

     50  
ITEM 9.   

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

     50  
ITEM 9A.   

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

     50  
ITEM 9B.   

OTHER INFORMATION

     51  
   PART III   
ITEM 10.   

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

     52  
ITEM 11.   

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

     52  
ITEM 12.   

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

     52  
ITEM 13.   

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

     52  
ITEM 14.   

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

     52  
   PART IV   
ITEM 15.   

EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

     53  
  

SIGNATURE PAGE

     55  

 

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PART I

 

ITEM 1. Business

Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. (“D&B Entertainment”) is a leading owner and operator of high-volume entertainment and dining venues (“stores”) that operate under the name “Dave & Buster’s”. The core of our concept is to offer our customers the opportunity to “Eat Drink Play and Watch” all in one location, providing a fun, upbeat atmosphere with interactive entertainment options for adults and families, while serving high-quality food and beverages. We opened the first Dave & Buster’s store in Dallas, Texas in 1982, and as of February 4, 2018 (the last day of fiscal 2017), we owned and operated 106 stores located in 36 states, Puerto Rico and one Canadian province. Unless otherwise provided in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, references to “Dave & Buster’s,” “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company” refer to D&B Entertainment and its wholly-owned subsidiaries and any predecessor entities.

Our fiscal year consists of 52 or 53 weeks ending on the Sunday after the Saturday closest to January 31. Each quarterly period has 13 weeks, except in a 53 week year when the fourth quarter has 14 weeks. Fiscal 2017 contained 53 weeks. Fiscal 2016, 2015, 2014, and 2013, each contained 52 weeks. We refer to our fiscal years as 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, and 2013 throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K. All dollar amounts are presented in thousands, unless otherwise noted, except share and per share amounts.

Eat Drink Play and Watch - All Under One Roof

We have developed a distinctive brand based on our customer value proposition: “Eat Drink Play and Watch.” The interaction between playing games, watching sports, dining and enjoying our full-service bar areas is the defining feature of the Dave & Buster’s customer experience, and the layout of each store is designed to promote crossover between these activities. We believe this combination creates an experience at a single location that cannot be easily replicated elsewhere. Our stores are also designed to accommodate premium sports viewing events, private parties, business functions and other corporate-sponsored events. Our customer mix skews moderately to males, primarily between the ages of 21 and 39, and we believe we also serve as an attractive venue for families with children and teenagers. We believe we appeal to a diverse customer base by providing a highly customizable experience in a dynamic and fun setting.

Eat

We differentiate our food from other casual dining concepts with our “Remarkable & Realistic” strategy. This strategy was developed to help us serve remarkable entrées and appetizers that our customers crave and will want to “remark” upon in social media. In addition, our food needs to be “realistic”, enabling our operating team to execute these items at a high quality level during periods of peak sales volumes.

While our menu appeals to a broad spectrum of customers, we continue to evolve it to reflect the changing tastes of our 21-39 year-old primary target guests, with options for full meals as well as grabbing an appetizer to share with friends. We deliver high-quality offerings, including a wide variety of starters, one-of-a-kind burgers, choice-grade steaks, and health-conscious options that compare favorably to those of other higher-end casual dining operators. We believe our broad menu offers something for everyone and is appropriate for many different occasions. To ensure that we stay on-trend with trends and societal shifts, we roll out menus that feature new food items three times a year.

Our food revenues, which include non-alcoholic beverages, accounted for 67.9% of our food and beverage revenues and 29.5% of our total revenues during fiscal 2017.

Drink

Each of our locations also offers full bar service, including a variety of beers, signature cocktails, and premium spirits. We are committed to innovation in our beverage offerings, including the introduction of fun

 

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beverage platforms such as our Luxe Hennessey cocktails, Loco’Ritas and Glow Kones. Beverage service is typically available throughout the entire store, allowing for multiple point of sale opportunities. We believe that our high margin beverage offering is complementary to each of the Eat, Play and Watch aspects of our brand. Our alcoholic beverage revenues accounted for 32.1% of our total food and beverage revenues and 13.9% of our total revenues during fiscal 2017.

Play

The games in our Midway are a key aspect of the Dave & Buster’s entertainment experience, which we believe is the core differentiating feature of our brand. The Midway in each of our stores is an area where we offer a wide array of amusement and entertainment options, some of which are exclusive to Dave & Buster’s on a permanent or temporary basis. Each of our stores typically has over 150 redemption and simulation games. Most of our games are activated by game play credits on magnetic stripe cards or RFID devices (collectively, “Power Cards”). A customer purchases the game play credits or “chips” at an automated kiosk, through a mobile application or from an employee. Our amusement and other revenues accounted for 56.6% of our total revenues during fiscal 2017. Redemption games, which represented 75.7% of our amusement and other revenues in fiscal 2017, offer our customers the opportunity to win tickets that are redeemable at a retail-style space in our stores that we have branded WIN!, with prizes ranging from branded novelty items to high-end electronics. We believe this “opportunity to win” creates a fun and highly energized social experience that is an important aspect of the Dave & Buster’s in-store experience and cannot be easily replicated at home. Our video and simulation games, many of which can be played by multiple customers simultaneously and include some of the latest high-tech games commercially available, represented 21.5% of our amusement and other revenues in fiscal 2017. Other traditional amusements, such as billiards and bowling, represented the remainder of our amusement revenues in fiscal 2017.

Watch

Sports-viewing is another key component of the entertainment experience at Dave & Buster’s. All of our stores have multiple large screen televisions and high quality audio systems providing customers with a venue for watching live sports and other televised events. Our “D&B Sports” areas provide an immersive viewing environment that provides customers with an average of 40 televisions, including 100+ inch high definition televisions, to watch televised events and enjoy our full bar and extensive food menu. We believe that we have created an attractive and comfortable environment that includes a differentiated and interactive viewing experience that offers a new reason for customers to visit Dave & Buster’s. Through continued development of the D&B Sports concept in new stores and additional renovations of existing stores, our goal is to build awareness of D&B Sports as “the best place to watch sports” and the “only place to watch the games and play the games.”

Our Company’s Core Strengths

We believe we benefit from the following strengths:

Strong, distinctive brand with broad customer appeal. We believe that the multi-faceted customer experience of “Eat Drink Play and Watch” at Dave & Buster’s, supported by our national marketing, has helped us create a widely recognized brand with no direct national competitor that combines all four elements in the same way. In markets where we have stores, over 90% of casual dining customers in our existing markets stated that they are aware of our brand as a dining and entertainment venue. Our customer research shows that our brand appeals to a relatively balanced mix of male and female adults, which is moderately skewed to males, primarily between the ages of 21 and 39, as well as families and teenagers. Based on customer survey results, we also believe that the average annual household income of our customers is in excess of $75, which we believe represents an attractive demographic.

 

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Multi-faceted customer experience highlights our value proposition. We believe that our combination of interactive games, attractive television viewing areas, high-quality dining and full-service beverage offerings, delivered in a highly-energized atmosphere, provides a multi-faceted customer experience that cannot be easily replicated at home or elsewhere without having to visit multiple destinations. We aim to offer our customers a value proposition comparable or superior to many of the separately available dining and entertainment options. We are continuously working with game manufacturers and others to create new games and attractions that include content that is exclusively available at Dave & Buster’s on a permanent or temporary basis. Our new games in combination with new food and beverage offerings and focused attention to the customer experience help us to retain and generate customer traffic. Our value proposition is enhanced by marketing initiatives, including free game play that often features the introduction of our new games, Super Charge Power Card offerings (when purchasing or adding value to a Power Card, the customer is given the opportunity to add more chips to the Power Card at a lower cost per chip amount), and Half-Price Game Play (every Wednesday, from open to close, we reduce the price of every game in the Midway by one-half). We believe these initiatives have helped increase customer visits and encourage customers to participate more fully across our broad range of food, beverage and entertainment offerings.

Vibrant, contemporary store design that integrates entertainment and dining. We continue to enhance the Dave & Buster’s brand through our store design, including our D&B Sports concept. Our core store design provides a contemporary, engaging atmosphere for our customers with clearly differentiated spaces designed to convey the components of our customer value proposition: “Eat Drink Play and Watch.” During fiscal 2017, we developed a new store design that we refer to as the “17K”. The 17K format will allow us to enter smaller markets than our current stores. The 17K format will retain the Play components of our large and small formats, combine the Eat and Watch elements in an expanded sports viewing area and maintain the ability to Drink throughout the facility. This new design will be utilized in addition to our existing large and small formats in future expansion. Our core store design in all our formats includes a modern approach to the finishes and layout of the store, which we believe encourages participation across each of the store’s elements. The oversized graphics and images throughout the store are intended to communicate our brand personality by being fun, contemporary and larger-than-life. The dining room décor includes booth and table seating and colorful artwork, often featuring local landmarks. Our WIN! area provides a retail-like environment where customers can redeem their tickets for prizes. We believe our D&B Sports area provides an attractive opportunity to market our broader platform to new and existing customers through a year-round calendar of programming and promotions tied to popular sporting events and sport-related activities. The large television screens, comfortable seating, a full menu of food and beverages and artwork often featuring images of local sports teams and sports icons help create what we believe to be an exciting environment for watching sports programming.

History of margin improvement. We have a proven track record of identifying operational efficiencies and implementing cost saving initiatives and over the past five fiscal years, we have increased our net income by $112,167, EBITDA margins by approximately 600 basis points and our Adjusted EBITDA Margins (defined in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Non-GAAP Financial Measures”) by approximately 720 basis points. We expect our continued focus on operating performance at individual stores and leveraging general and administrative expense and advertising expense will positively impact operating margins, although there is no guarantee that our efforts will be successful or that operating margins will continue to improve.

Store model generates favorable store economics and strong returns. We believe our store model offering entertainment, food and beverages provides certain benefits in comparison to traditional restaurant concepts, as reflected by our fiscal 2017 (estimated on a 52 week basis) average annual comparable store revenues of $11,600, average comparable store operating income margins of 24.3% and comparable Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margins (defined in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Non-GAAP Financial Measures”) of 32.6%.

Our entertainment offerings have low variable costs and produced gross margins of 89.3% for fiscal 2017. With approximately 57.0% of our revenues from entertainment, we have less exposure than traditional restaurant

 

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concepts to food costs, which represented only 8.0% of our total revenues in fiscal 2017. Our business model generates strong cash flow that we can use to execute our growth strategy. We believe the combination of our operating income margins, our Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margins, our refined new store formats and the fact that our stores typically open with high volumes that drive margins in year one will help us achieve our targeted average year one cash-on-cash returns of approximately 35% and five-year average cash-on-cash returns in excess of 25% for both our large format and small format store openings, however there is no guarantee such results will occur with future store openings. The 48 stores that we have opened since the beginning of 2008 (that have been open for more than 12 months as of February 4, 2018) have generated average year one cash-on-cash returns of 49.6%. The 40 stores that opened subsequent to fiscal 2010 have generated average year one cash-on-cash returns of 53.5%. We define and calculate cash-on-cash returns for an individual store as (a) Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization, excluding pre-opening expenses, national marketing expense allocation, non-cash charges related to asset disposals, currency transactions and changes in non-cash deferred amusement revenue and ticket liability, divided by (b) our net development costs. Net development costs include equipment, building, leaseholds and site costs, net of tenant improvement allowances and other landlord payments, excluding pre-opening costs and capitalized interest.

Commitment to customer satisfaction. We aim to enhance our combination of food, beverage and entertainment offerings through our service philosophy of providing a high quality and consistent customer experience through dedicated training and development of our team members and a corporate culture that encourages employee engagement. As a result, over the last five fiscal years, we have experienced improvement in our Guest Satisfaction Survey results. In 2017, 85.8% of respondents to our Guest Satisfaction Survey rated us “Top Box” (score of 5 out of a possible 5) in “Overall Experience” and 86.9% of respondents rated us “Top Box” in “Intent to Recommend.” By comparison, in 2012, 80.6% of respondents rated us “Top Box” in “Overall Experience” and 83.6% of respondents rated us “Top Box” in “Intent to Recommend.” We utilize our loyalty program to market directly to members with promotional emails and location-based marketing. Through our loyalty program, we email offers and coupons to members and notify them of new games, food, drinks and local events. In addition, members can earn game play credits based on the dollar amount of qualifying purchases at our stores. We expect that as our loyalty program grows it will be an important method of maintaining customers’ connection with our brand and further drive customer satisfaction.

Experienced management team. We believe we are led by a strong senior management team averaging over 25 years of experience with national brands in all aspects of casual dining and entertainment operations. We believe that our management team’s prior experience in the restaurant and entertainment industries combined with its experience at Dave & Buster’s provides us with insights into our customer base and enables us to create the dynamic environment that is core to our brand.

Our Growth Strategies

The operating strategy that underlies the growth of our concept is built on the following key components:

Build great new stores. We will continue to pursue what we believe to be a disciplined new store growth strategy in both new and existing markets where we feel we are capable of achieving consistently high store revenues, operating income margins and Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margins as well as strong cash-on-cash returns. We believe that the Dave & Buster’s brand has significant growth opportunities, as internal studies and third-party research suggests a total store potential in the United States and Canada in excess of 230 stores (including our 106 stores as of the end of fiscal 2017). We anticipate that approximately 20% of our future new store openings will utilize our new 17K design and that the balance of our future openings will be fairly evenly split between our traditional large and small formats. We opened fourteen stores in fiscal 2017. Store openings during the past five fiscal years were primarily financed with available cash and operating cash flows. In 2018 and thereafter, we believe that we can continue opening new stores at an annual growth rate of 10% or more of our then existing store base.

 

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Our store expansion strategy is driven by a site selection process that allows us to evaluate and select the location, size and design of our stores based on consumer research and analysis of operating data from sales in our existing stores. Our site selection process and flexible store design enable us to customize each store with the objective of maximizing return on capital given the characteristics of the market and the location. Our current store large formats are 30,001 to 45,000 square feet in size and our current store small formats span 25,000 to 30,000 square feet, which provides us the flexibility to enter new smaller markets and further penetrate existing markets. These formats also provide us with the ability to strategically choose between building new stores and converting existing space, which can be more cost efficient for certain locations. We are targeting average year one cash-on-cash returns of approximately 35% for both our large format and small format stores and approximately 25% for the 17K format. To achieve this return for large format stores, we target average net development costs of approximately $8,300 to $8,800 and first year store revenues of approximately $10,000 to $12,200. For small format stores, we target average net development costs of approximately $6,800 and average first year store revenues of approximately $8,700. For 17K format stores, we target average net development costs of less than $5,000 and first year store revenues of approximately $4,500 to $5,500. Additionally, for both large format and small format stores, we target average year one margins on operating income (excluding allocated national marketing costs) of approximately 17%, and Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization (excluding allocated national marketing costs) of approximately 28%. For our 17K format store, we target average year one margins on operating income (excluding allocated national marketing costs) of approximately 12% and Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization (excluding allocated national marketing costs) of approximately 25%.

Drive our comparable store sales. We intend to grow our comparable store sales in the highly competitive dining and entertainment segment by seeking to differentiate the Dave & Buster’s brand from other food and entertainment alternatives, through the following strategies:

 

    Provide our customers with the latest exciting games. We believe that our Midway games are the core differentiating feature of the Dave & Buster’s brand, and staying current with the latest offerings creates new content and excitement to drive repeat visits and increase length of customer stay. We plan to continually update our games each year through development of proprietary games and the purchase of new games that will resonate with our customers and drive brand relevance due to a variety of factors, including their large scale, eye-catching appearance, virtual reality features, association with recognizable brands or the fact that they cannot be easily replicated at home. We aim to leverage our investment in games by featuring exclusive game offerings in our marketing initiatives. We also plan to continually elevate the redemption experience in our WIN! area with prizes that we believe customers will find more attractive, which we expect will favorably impact customer visitation and game play.

 

    Leverage D&B Sports. We intend to continue leveraging our investments in D&B Sports by building awareness of Dave & Buster’s as “the only place to watch the games and play the games” through national cable advertising. In addition, we are strategically expanding our year-round sporting and pay-per-view content to drive increased traffic and capture a higher share of the sports-viewing customer base.

 

    Serve food and beverage offerings with broad appeal. Our menu has a variety of items, from hamburgers to steaks to salads that represent our “Remarkable & Realistic” strategy. We aim to ensure a pipeline for three new product launches each year, aligning with the timing of our new game launches. This strategy has been well received by our customers as the percentage of customers rating our food quality as “Excellent” was 85.1% in fiscal 2017. Similarly, the percentage of customers rating our beverage quality as “Excellent” in fiscal 2017 was 88.6%.

 

    Grow our special events usage. The special events portion of our business represented 10.1% of our total revenues in fiscal 2017. We believe our special events business is an important sampling and promotional opportunity for our customers because many customers are experiencing Dave & Buster’s for the first time. We plan to leverage our existing special events sales force and call center to attract new corporate customers. In addition, we will continue to expand our online booking capability beyond strictly social events.

 

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    Enhance brand awareness and generate additional visits to our stores through marketing and promotions. We believe offering new items from each of the “Eat Drink Play and Watch” pillars will keep the brand relevant to customers and drive traffic and frequency. We typically have seven-to-nine key promotional periods each year when we feature this “New News” in national advertising. To increase national awareness of our brand, we plan to continue to invest a significant portion of our marketing expenditures in national cable television advertising, while also increasing our investment in digital media. Our messaging focuses on promoting our capital investments in new games, and new food and beverage offerings. We also have customized local store marketing programs to increase new visits and repeat visits to individual locations. We will continue to utilize our loyalty program and digital efforts to communicate promotional offers directly to our most passionate brand fans, and we are aggressively optimizing our search engine and social marketing efforts.

 

    Drive customer frequency through greater digital and mobile connectivity. We believe that there is potential to increase customer frequency by enhancing the in-store and out-of-store customer experience via digital and mobile strategic initiatives. We continue to optimize our search, programmatic media and paid social media to create customer engagement and drive recurring customer visitation. In addition, we will continue to leverage our customer relationship management program and our growing loyalty database, by delivering more targeted individualized offers and creative content.

Expand the Dave & Buster’s brand internationally. We believe that in addition to the growth potential that exists in North America, the Dave & Buster’s brand can also have significant appeal in certain international markets. We are currently assessing these opportunities while maintaining a conservative and disciplined approach towards the execution of our international development strategy. As such, we have retained the services of a third-party consultant to assist in identifying and prioritizing potential markets for expansion as well as potential franchise or joint venture partners. Thus far, we have identified our international market priorities and begun the process of identifying potential international partners within select markets. The market priorities were developed based on a specific set of criteria to ensure we expand our brand into the most attractive markets.

Site Selection

We believe that the location of stores is critical to our long-term success. The experience and relationships of our current development team has enabled us to focus our attention on the most relevant network of real estate brokers, which has given us access to a larger pool of qualified potential store sites. In addition, we believe the more contemporary look of our stores has been one of the key drivers in attracting new developers and building our new store pipeline. We devote significant time and resources to strategically analyze each prospective market, trade area and site. We continually identify, evaluate and update our database of potential locations for expansion. We base new site selection on an analytical evaluation of a set of drivers we believe increase the probability of successful, high-volume stores.

Our Store Formats

We currently operate stores varying in size from 16,000 to 66,000 square feet. In order to optimize sales per square foot and further enhance our store economics, the target size of our future large format stores is expected to be between 30,001 and 45,000 square feet while our small format stores span 25,000 to 30,000 square feet. Additionally, our newly-developed 17K design which will span 15,000 to 20,000 square feet, should allow us to enter markets with store size requirements less than our traditional large and small store formats. Our initial store using this new design opened in Rogers, Arkansas in early fiscal 2018.

We utilize smaller format stores to penetrate less densely populated markets and backfill existing markets. The smaller format has reduced the back-of-house space and optimized the sales area dedicated to video and redemption games. We believe that the smaller format maintains the dynamic customer experience that is the

 

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foundation of our brand and allows us flexibility in our site selection process. We also believe that the smaller store format allows us to take less capital investment risk per store. As a result, we expect these smaller format stores to enable us to expand into additional markets. We anticipate that approximately 20% of our future new store openings will utilize our new 17K design and that the balance of our future openings will be fairly evenly split between our traditional large and small formats. At February 4, 2018, 21 of our 106 operating stores were the small store format. Our fiscal 2017 new store openings included ten large format stores and four small format stores.

Marketing, Advertising and Promotion

Our corporate marketing department manages all consumer-focused initiatives for the Dave & Buster’s brand. In order to drive sales and expand our customer base, we focus our efforts in three key areas:

 

    Marketing: national advertising, media (linear and digital), promotions, in-store merchandising, pricing

 

    Food and beverage: menu and product development

 

    Customer insights: research, brand health and tracking

We spent approximately $37,876 in marketing efforts in fiscal 2017, $33,795 in fiscal 2016, and $29,970 in fiscal 2015. Our annual marketing expenditures include the cost of national television and radio advertising totaling $30,003, $25,845, and $22,551 in fiscal years 2017, 2016, and 2015, respectively.

We continually seek to improve our marketing effectiveness through a number of initiatives, including:

 

    refining our marketing strategy to better reach both young adults and families;

 

    creating new advertising campaigns;

 

    investing in menu research and development to differentiate our food offerings from our competition and improve key product attributes (quality, consistency, value and overall customer satisfaction) and execution;

 

    developing product/promotional strategies to attract new customers and increase spending/length of stay;

 

    leveraging our loyalty database to create stronger relationships with consumers to engage and motivate them to visit; and

 

    reflecting a consistent brand identity that represents our positioning and commitment to quality.

To drive traffic and increase visit frequency and average check size, the bulk of our marketing budget is allocated to national cable television media. To enhance that effort, we also:

 

    conduct digital initiatives including search engine marketing, mobile campaigns, programmatic and social media;

 

    maintain and optimize the website for search;

 

    run in-store promotions and create point-of-purchase materials;

 

    leverage the customer loyalty program, including promotional and trigger emails;

 

    and create local marketing plans to address specific objectives in individual stores or markets.

We work with external advertising, digital, media and design agencies in the development and execution of these programs.

 

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Special Event Marketing

Our corporate and group sales programs are managed by our sales department, which provides direction, training, and support to the special events managers and their teams within each store. They are supported by a special events call center located at our corporate office, targeted print and online media plans, as well as promotional incentives at appropriate times during the year. In addition, we have online booking for social parties in order to provide additional convenience in booking events for our customers.

Operations

Management

The management of our store base is divided into thirteen regions, each of which is overseen by a Regional Operations Manager, Regional Operations Director or Vice President of Operations (collectively, “Regional Management”) who reports to our Chief Operating Officer. Our Regional Management oversee six to twelve stores each, which we believe enables them to better support the store General Managers and achieve sales and profitability targets for each store within their region. In addition, we have one Regional Operations Director whose primary focus is on new store openings.

Our typical store team consists of a General Manager supported by an average of nine additional management positions. There is a defined structure of development and progression of job responsibilities from Area Operations Manager through various positions up to the General Manager role. This structure ensures that an adequate succession plan exists within each store. Each management member handles various departments within the store including responsibility for hourly employees. A typical store employs approximately 130 hourly employees, most of whom work part time. The General Manager and the management team are responsible for the day-to-day operation of that store, including the hiring, training and development of team members, as well as financial and operational performance. Our stores are generally open seven days a week, from 11:30 a.m. to midnight on Sunday through Thursday and 11:30 a.m. to 2:00 a.m. on Friday and Saturday.

Operational Tools and Programs

Our managers have daily routines focused on driving consistent execution in food, beverage and gaming. We utilize a customized food and beverage analysis program that determines the theoretical food and beverage costs for each store and provides additional tools and reports to help us identify opportunities, including waste management. In addition to our own routines, we leverage a third party vendor to help ensure quality beverage operations, responsible alcohol service and loss prevention. A mobile salesmanship application with daily sales contests is used by our management team to evaluate sales performance by shift and to drive staff engagement. We have developed tools to forecast sales and schedule labor to assist our managers in optimizing hourly labor based on anticipated sales volumes. This program will be enhanced during 2018 with the introduction of a new workforce management platform which will offer real time data to allow management to quickly add or reduce labor based on business needs. Our amusement team uses a proprietary system that is supported by a mobile application that identifies gaming issues and needed repairs to help ensure our games are operational and meeting our ideal playing standard. Complementing this program is our routine preventative maintenance program, designed to prevent game failure and extend the functionality of our midway games. To maximize the performance of our new store openings, we have a “New Store Gold Card” process that defines a clear path and timeline to bring each new store in line with our operating standards. Consolidated reporting tools for the key drivers of our business are provided to our Regional Management to identify and troubleshoot any systemic issues.

Management Information Systems

We utilize a number of proprietary and third-party management information systems. These systems are designed to enable our games’ functionality, improve operating efficiencies, provide us with timely access to

 

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financial and marketing data and reduce store and corporate administrative time and expense. We believe our management information systems are sufficient to support our store expansion plans.

Training

We strive to maintain quality and consistency in each of our stores through the careful training and supervision of our team members and the establishment of, and adherence to, high standards relating to personnel performance, food and beverage preparation, game playability and maintenance of our stores. We provide all new team members with complete orientation and one-on-one training for their positions to help ensure they are able to meet our high standards. All of our new team members are trained by partnering with a certified trainer to assure that the training and information they receive is complete and accurate. Team members are certified for their positions by passing a series of tests, including alcohol awareness training.

We require our new store managers to complete an eight-week training program that includes front-of-house service, kitchen, amusements and management responsibilities. Newly trained managers are then assigned to their home store where they receive additional training with their General Manager. We place a high priority on our continuing management development programs in order to ensure that qualified managers are available for our future openings. We conduct semi-annual evaluations with each manager to discuss prior performance and future performance goals. We hold an annual General Manager conference in which our General Managers share best practices and also receive an update on our business plan.

When we open a new store, we provide varying levels of training to team members in each position to ensure the smooth and efficient operation of the store from the first day it opens to the public. Prior to opening a new store, our dedicated training and opening team travels to the store to prepare for an intensive two-week training program for all team members hired for the new store opening. Part of the training team stays on site during the first week of operation. We believe this additional investment in our new stores is important, because it helps us provide our customers with a quality experience from day one.

After a store has been opened and is operating smoothly, the store managers supervise the training of new team members.

Recruiting and Retention

We seek to hire experienced restaurant managers and team members, and offer competitive wage and benefit programs. Our store managers all participate in a performance-based incentive program that is based on sales and profit goals. In addition, our salaried and hourly employees are also eligible to participate in a 401(k) plan, medical/dental/vision insurance plans and receive vacation/paid time off based on tenure. Additionally, General Managers are eligible for long-term incentive awards depending upon operating performance.

Food Preparation, Quality Control and Purchasing

We strive to maintain high food quality standards. To ensure our quality standards are met, we negotiate directly with independent producers of food products. We provide detailed quality and yield specifications to suppliers for our purchases. Our systems are designed to protect the safety and quality of our food supply throughout the procurement and preparation process. Within each store, the Kitchen Manager is primarily responsible for ensuring the timely and correct preparation of food products, per the recipes we specify. We provide each of our stores with various tools and training to facilitate these activities.

Foreign Operations

We own and operate two stores outside of the United States, in the Canadian province of Ontario, including one that opened during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016. These stores generated revenues of approximately

 

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$20,075 USD in fiscal 2017, $13,369 USD in fiscal 2016 and $10,587 USD in fiscal 2015, representing approximately 1.8%, 1.3% and 1.2%, respectively, of our consolidated revenues. As of February 4, 2018, less than 3.0% of our long-lived assets were located outside of the United States.

The foreign activities of these stores are subject to various risks of doing business in a foreign country, including currency fluctuations, changes in laws and regulations and economic and political stability. We do not believe there is any material risk associated with the Canadian operations or any dependence by the domestic business upon the Canadian operations.

Store-Level Quarterly Fluctuations and Seasonality

Our operating results fluctuate significantly from quarter to quarter as a result of seasonal factors. Typically, we have higher first and fourth quarter revenues associated with the spring and year-end holidays. These quarters will continue to be susceptible to the impact of severe or unseasonably mild weather on customer traffic and sales during that period. Our third quarter, which encompasses the back-to-school fall season, has historically had lower revenues as compared to the other quarters.

Suppliers

The principal goods used by us are redemption game prizes and food and beverage products, which are available from a number of suppliers. We currently purchase a significant amount of our amusement merchandise through a direct import program, a program in which we purchase WIN! merchandise and certain glassware, plateware and furniture directly from offshore manufacturers. We are a large buyer of traditional and amusement games and as a result believe we receive discounted pricing arrangements. Federal and state health care mandates and mandated increases in the minimum wage and other macro-economic pressures could have the repercussion of increasing expenses, as suppliers may be adversely impacted and seek to pass on higher costs to us.

Competition

The out-of-home entertainment market is highly competitive. We compete for customers’ discretionary entertainment dollars with providers of out-of-home entertainment, including localized attraction facilities such as movie theaters, sporting events, bowling alleys, sports activity centers, arcades and entertainment centers, night clubs and restaurants as well as theme parks. We also face competition from local, regional and national establishments that offer entertainment experiences similar to ours and restaurants that are highly competitive with respect to price, quality of service, location, ambience and type and quality of food. Some of these establishments may exist in multiple locations, and we may also face competition on a national basis in the future from other concepts that are similar to ours. We also face competition from increasingly sophisticated home-based forms of entertainment, such as internet and video gaming and home movie streaming and delivery.

Intellectual Property

We have registered the trademarks Dave & Buster’s®, Power Card®, Eat & Play Combo®, Eat Drink Play®, and Eat Drink Play Watch®, and have registered or applied to register certain additional trademarks with the United States Patent and Trademark Office and in various foreign countries. We consider our tradename and our logo to be important features of our operations and seek to actively monitor and protect our interest in this property in the various jurisdictions where we operate. We also have certain trade secrets, such as our recipes, processes, proprietary information and certain software programs that we protect by requiring all of our employees to sign a code of ethics, which includes an agreement to keep trade secrets confidential.

Employees

As of February 4, 2018, we employed 14,840 persons, 241 of whom served at our corporate headquarters, 1,076 of whom served as management personnel and the remainder of whom were hourly personnel.

 

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None of our employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements and we have never experienced an organized work stoppage, strike or labor dispute. We believe working conditions and compensation packages are competitive with those offered by competitors and consider our relations with our employees to be good.

Available Information

Our corporate headquarters is located at 2481 Mañana Drive, Dallas, Texas, and our telephone number is (214) 357-9588. Our internet website is www.daveandbusters.com.

You may obtain, free of charge, copies of our reports filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on Forms 10-K, 10-Q, and 8-K, at our internet website. These reports will be available as soon as reasonably practicable after filing such material with, or furnishing it to, the SEC. In addition, you may view and obtain, free of charge, at our website, copies of our corporate governance materials, including our Audit Committee Charter, Compensation Committee Charter, Code of Business Ethics, Finance Committee Charter, Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee Charter, Corporate Governance Guidelines and Whistle Blower Policy.

 

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ITEM 1A. Risk Factors

We wish to caution you that our business and operations are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties. The factors listed below are important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical results and from those projected in forward-looking statements contained in this Report, and our other filings with the SEC, in our news releases, written or electronic communications, and verbal statements by our representatives.

You should be aware that forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. These risks and uncertainties may cause our or our industry’s actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance, or achievements contained in or implied by these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are generally accompanied by words like “believes,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “expects,” and other similar expressions that convey uncertainty about future events or outcomes.

The impact that economic conditions in the United States and Canada have on consumer discretionary spending could impact our business and financial performance.

Any significant decrease in consumer confidence, or periods of economic slowdown or recession, could lead to a curtailing of discretionary spending, which in turn could reduce our revenues and results of operations and adversely affect our financial position. Our business is dependent upon consumer discretionary spending and therefore is affected by consumer confidence as well as the future performance of the United States and Canadian economies. As a result, our results of operations are susceptible to economic slowdowns and recessions. Increases in job losses, home foreclosures, energy prices, investment losses in the financial markets, personal bankruptcies, credit card debt and home mortgage and other borrowing costs, declines in housing values and reduced access to credit, among other factors, may result in lower levels of customer traffic in our stores, a decline in consumer confidence and a curtailing of consumer discretionary spending. We believe that consumers generally are more willing to make discretionary purchases during periods in which favorable economic conditions prevail. If economic conditions worsen, whether in the United States or in the communities in which our stores are located, we could see deterioration in customer traffic or a reduction in the average amount customers spend in our stores. A reduction in revenues will result in sales de-leveraging (spreading our fixed costs across the lower level of sales) and will in turn cause downward pressure on our profit margins. This could result in reduction of staff levels, asset impairment charges and potential store closures, a deceleration of new store openings and an inability to comply with the covenants under our credit facility.

Our growth strategy depends on our ability to open new stores and operate them profitably.

A key element of our growth strategy is to open additional stores in locations that we believe will provide attractive returns on investment. We have identified a number of additional sites for potential future Dave & Buster’s stores. Our ability to open new stores on a timely and cost-effective basis, or at all, is dependent on a number of factors, many of which are beyond our control, including our ability to:

 

    find quality locations;

 

    reach acceptable agreements regarding the lease or purchase of locations;

 

    comply with applicable zoning, licensing, land use and environmental regulations;

 

    raise or have available an adequate amount of cash or currently available financing for construction and opening costs;

 

    timely hire, train and retain the skilled management and other employees necessary to meet staffing needs;

 

    obtain, for acceptable cost, required permits and approvals, including liquor licenses; and

 

    efficiently manage the amount of time and money used to build and open each new store.

 

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If we succeed in opening new stores on a timely and cost-effective basis, we may nonetheless be unable to attract enough customers to new stores because potential customers may be unfamiliar with our stores or concept, or our entertainment and menu options might not appeal to them. Our new stores may not meet or exceed the performance of our existing stores or meet or exceed our performance targets, including target cash-on-cash returns. New stores may even operate at a loss, which could have a significant adverse effect on our overall operating results. If the expected future cash flows for a store are less than the asset carrying amount (an indication that the carrying amount may not be recoverable), we may recognize an impairment loss in an amount equal to the excess of the asset carrying amount over the fair value. Opening a new store in an existing market could reduce the revenue at our existing stores in that market. In addition, historically, new stores experience a drop in revenues after their first year of operation. Typically, this drop has been temporary and has been followed by increases in comparative store revenue in line with the rest of our comparable store base, but there can be no assurance that this will be the case in the future or that a new store will succeed in the long term.

Our expansion into new markets may present increased risks due to our unfamiliarity with the area.

Some of our new stores will be located in areas where we have little or no meaningful experience. Those markets may have different competitive conditions, local regulatory requirements, consumer tastes and discretionary spending patterns than our existing markets, which may cause our new stores to be less successful than stores in our existing markets. In addition, our national advertising program may not be successful in generating brand awareness in all local markets, and the lack of market awareness of the Dave & Buster’s brand can pose an additional risk in expanding into new markets. Stores opened in new markets may open at lower average weekly revenues than stores opened in existing markets, and may have higher store-level operating expense ratios than stores in existing markets. Sales at stores opened in new markets may take longer to reach average store revenues, if at all, thereby adversely affecting our overall profitability.

In addition, we intend to establish stores outside of the United States and Canada. In addition to the risks posed by new markets generally, the operating conditions in overseas markets may vary significantly from those we have experienced in the past, including in relation to consumer preferences, regulatory environment, currency risk, the presence and cooperation of suitable local partners and availability of vendors or commercial and physical infrastructure, among others. There is no guarantee that we will be successful in integrating these new stores into our operations, achieving market acceptance, operating these stores profitably, and maintaining compliance with the rapidly changing business and regulatory requirements of new markets. If we are unable to do so, we could suffer a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We may not be able to compete favorably in the highly competitive out-of-home and home-based entertainment and restaurant markets, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.

The out-of-home entertainment market is highly competitive. We compete for customers’ discretionary entertainment dollars with providers of out-of-home entertainment, including localized attraction facilities such as movie theatres, sporting events, bowling alleys, sports activity centers, arcades and entertainment centers, nightclubs and restaurants as well as theme parks. Many of the entities operating these businesses are larger and have significantly greater financial resources, a greater number of stores, have been in business longer, have greater name recognition and are better established in the markets where our stores are located or are planned to be located. As a result, they may be able to invest greater resources than we can in attracting customers and succeed in attracting customers who would otherwise come to our stores. The legalization of casino gambling in geographic areas near any current or future store would create the possibility for entertainment alternatives, which could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition. We also face competition from local, regional and national establishments that offer entertainment experiences similar to ours and restaurants that are highly competitive with respect to price, quality of service, location, ambience and type and quality of food. We also face competition from increasingly sophisticated home-based forms of entertainment, such as internet and video gaming and home movie streaming and delivery. Our failure to compete favorably in

 

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the competitive out-of-home and home-based entertainment and restaurant markets could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Our sales growth and ability to achieve profitability could be adversely affected if comparable store sales are less than we expect.

Comparable store sales are a year-over-year comparison of sales at stores open at the end of the period which have been open for at least 18 months as of the beginning of each of the fiscal years. It is a key performance indicator used within the industry and is indicative of acceptance of our initiatives as well as local economic and consumer trends. The level of comparable store sales will affect our sales growth and will continue to be a critical factor affecting our ability to generate profits because the profit margin on comparable store sales is generally higher than the profit margin on new store sales. Notwithstanding our initiatives intended to drive our comparable store sales, there is no guarantee that these initiatives will be successful. This failure to build sales, or a significant decrease in comparable store sales, could materially adversely affect our ability to achieve target profit margins and our overall business, financial condition and results of operations. As adjusted for the 53rd week, comparable store sales decreased 0.9% in fiscal 2017 compared to fiscal 2016 and decreased 5.9% in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 compared to the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016.

Our revenues generally fluctuate from quarter to quarter due to the seasonality of our business and other events.

Our operating results fluctuate significantly from quarter to quarter as a result of seasonal factors. Typically, we have higher first and fourth quarter revenues associated with the spring and year-end holidays. Our third quarter, which encompasses the back-to-school fall season, has historically had lower revenues as compared to the other quarters. As a result, factors affecting peak seasons could have a disproportionate effect on our results. For example, the number of days between Thanksgiving and New Year’s Day and the days of the week on which Christmas and New Year’s Eve fall affect the volume of business we generate during the December holiday season and can affect our results for the full fiscal year. In addition, adverse weather during the winter and spring seasons could have a significant impact on our quarterly results.

Our results of operations are subject to fluctuations due to the timing of new store openings.

The timing of new store openings may result in significant fluctuations in our quarterly performance. We typically incur most cash pre-opening costs for a new store within the two months immediately preceding, and the month of, the store’s opening. In addition, the labor and operating costs for a newly opened store during the first three to six months of operation are materially greater than what can be expected after that time, both in aggregate dollars and as a percentage of revenues. Additionally, a portion of a current fiscal year new store capital expenditures is related to stores that are not expected to open until the following fiscal year. Due to these substantial up-front financial requirements to open new stores, the investment risk related to any single store is much larger than that associated with many other restaurants or entertainment venues.

Slow economic growth or a recession could have a material adverse impact on our landlords or other tenants in shopping centers in which we are located, which in turn could negatively affect our financial results.

If we experience an economic downturn in the future, our landlords may be unable to obtain financing or remain in good standing under their existing financing arrangements, resulting in failures to pay required tenant improvement allowances or satisfy other lease covenants to us. In addition, tenants at shopping centers in which we are located or have executed leases, or to which our stores are near, may fail to open or may cease operations. Decreases in total tenant occupancy in shopping centers in which we are located, or to which our stores are near, may affect traffic at our stores. All of these factors could have a material adverse impact on our operations.

 

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Damage to our brand or reputation could adversely affect our business.

Our brand and our reputation are among our most important assets. Our ability to attract and retain customers depends, in part, upon the external perception of our Company, the quality of our food service and facilities and our integrity. Multi-store businesses, such as ours, can be adversely affected by unfavorable publicity resulting from poor food quality, illness or health concerns, or a variety of other operating issues stemming from one or a limited number of stores. The speed at which negative publicity (whether or not accurate) can be disseminated has increased dramatically with the capabilities of electronic communication. Adverse publicity involving any of these factors could make our stores less appealing, reduce our customer traffic and/or impose practical limits on pricing. In the future, our stores may be operated by franchisees. Any such franchisees will be independent third parties that we do not control. Although our franchisees will be contractually obligated to operate the store in accordance with our standards, we would not oversee their daily operations. If one or more of our stores were the subject of unfavorable publicity and we are unable to quickly and effectively respond to such reports, our overall brand could be adversely affected, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Our operations are susceptible to changes in the availability and the cost of food and other supplies, in most cases from a limited number of suppliers, which could negatively affect our operating results.

Our profitability depends in part on our ability to anticipate and react to changes in food and other supply costs. Various factors beyond our control, including adverse weather conditions, governmental regulation and monetary policy, product availability, recalls of food products, and seasonality, as well as the effects of the current macroeconomic environment on our suppliers, may affect our commodity costs or cause a disruption in our supply chain. In an effort to mitigate some of this risk, we have multiple short-term supply contracts with a limited number of suppliers. If any of these suppliers do not perform adequately or otherwise fail to distribute products or supplies to our stores, we may be unable to replace the suppliers in a short period of time on acceptable terms, which could increase our costs, cause shortages of food and other items at our stores and cause us to remove certain items from our menu. Changes in the price or availability of commodities for which we do not have short-term supply contracts could have a material adverse effect on our profitability. Expiring contracts with our food suppliers could also result in unfavorable renewal terms and therefore increase costs associated with these suppliers or may necessitate negotiations with other suppliers. Other than short-term supply contracts for certain food items, we currently do not engage in futures contracts or other financial risk management strategies with respect to potential price fluctuations in the cost of food and other supplies. Also, the unplanned loss of a major distributor could adversely affect our business by disrupting our operations as we seek out and negotiate a new distribution contract. If we have to pay higher prices for food or other supplies, our operating costs may increase, and, if we are unable to adjust our purchasing practices or pass such cost increases on to our customers by changing menu prices, our operating results could be adversely affected.

Our procurement of games and amusement offerings is dependent upon a few suppliers.

Our ability to continue to procure new games, amusement offerings, and other entertainment-related equipment is important to our business strategy. The number of suppliers from which we can purchase games, amusement offerings and other entertainment-related equipment is limited. To the extent that the number of suppliers declines, we could be subject to the risk of distribution delays, pricing pressure, lack of innovation and other associated risks.

In addition, any increase in cost or decrease in availability of new amusement offerings that appeal to customers could adversely impact our revenues as well as the cost to acquire and operate new amusements, either of which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and could also lead to decreases in revenues as customers negatively react to lack of new game options. We may not be able to anticipate and react to changing amusement offerings cost by adjusting purchasing practices or game prices, and a failure to do so could have a material adverse effect on our operating results.

 

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Our operations are susceptible to the availability of systems and services provided by third-parties, which subject us to possible risk of shortages and interruptions.

We rely on third-party service providers for certain key elements of our operations including credit card processing, telecommunications and utilities. The unplanned loss of services from a major provider could adversely affect our business as we seek out and negotiate for alternate sources of service. We may be unable to replace service providers in a short period of time on acceptable terms, which could limit our operations and increase our costs. If our cost of services increases, we may be unable to pass such cost increases on to our customers, and our operating results could be adversely affected.

Food safety incidents at our stores or in our industry or supply chain may adversely affect customer perception of our brands or industry and result in declines in sales and profits.

We cannot guarantee that our supply chain and food safety controls and training will be fully effective in preventing all food safety issues at our stores, including any occurrences of foodborne illnesses such as salmonella, E. coli, Norovirus, or hepatitis A. In addition, we rely on third-party vendors, making it difficult to monitor food safety compliance and increasing the risk that foodborne illness would affect multiple locations rather than a single store. Some foodborne illness incidents could be caused by third-party vendors and distributors outside of our control. New illnesses resistant to our current precautions may develop in the future, or diseases with long incubation periods could arise, that could give rise to claims or allegations on a retroactive basis. One or more instances of foodborne illness in any of our stores or markets or related to food products we sell could negatively affect our store sales nationwide if highly publicized on national media outlets or through social media. This risk exists even if it were later determined that the illness was wrongly attributed to us or one of our stores. A number of restaurant chains have experienced incidents related to foodborne illnesses that have had a material adverse effect on their operations. The occurrence of a similar incident at one or more of our stores, or negative publicity or public speculation about an incident, could reduce customer visits to our stores and negatively impact demand for our menu offerings.

We are subject to all of the risks associated with leasing space subject to long-term, non-cancelable leases.

We typically do not own any real property. Payments under our non-cancelable, operating leases account for a significant portion of our operating expenses and we expect the new stores we open in the future will also be leased. The leases typically provide for a base rent plus additional rent based on a percentage of the revenue generated by the stores on the leased premises once certain thresholds are met. We generally cannot cancel these leases without substantial economic penalty. If an existing or future store is not profitable, and we decide to close it, we may nonetheless be committed to perform our obligation under the applicable lease, including, among other things, paying the base rent for the remainder of the lease term. We depend on cash flow from operations to pay our lease obligations. If our business does not generate sufficient cash flow from operating activities and sufficient funds are not otherwise available to us from borrowings under our existing credit facility, we may not be able to service our operating lease obligations, grow our business, respond to competitive challenges or fund other liquidity and capital needs, which would have a material adverse effect on us.

In addition, as each of our leases expires, we may choose not to renew, or may not be able to renew, such existing leases if the capital investment required to maintain the stores at the leased locations is not justified by the return required on the investment. If we are not able to renew the leases at rents that allow such stores to remain profitable as their terms expire, the number of such stores may decrease, resulting in lower revenue from operations, or we may relocate a store, which could subject us to construction and other costs and risks, and in either case, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

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We may not be able to operate our stores, or obtain and maintain licenses and permits necessary for such operation, in compliance with laws, regulations and other requirements, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition.

Each store is subject to licensing and regulation by alcoholic beverage control, amusement, health, sanitation, safety, building code and fire agencies in the state, county and/or municipality in which the store is located. Each store is required to obtain a license to sell alcoholic beverages on the premises from a state authority and, in certain locations, county and municipal authorities. Typically, licenses must be renewed annually and may be revoked or suspended for cause at any time. In some states, the loss of a license for cause with respect to one store may lead to the loss of licenses at all stores in that state and could make it more difficult to obtain additional licenses in that state. Alcoholic beverage control regulations relate to numerous aspects of the daily operations of each store, including minimum age of patrons and employees, hours of operation, advertising, wholesale purchasing, inventory control and handling and storage and dispensing of alcoholic beverages. We generally have not encountered any material difficulties or failures in obtaining and maintaining the required licenses, permits and approvals that could impact the continuing operations of an existing store, or delay or prevent the opening of a new store. Although we do not anticipate any material difficulties occurring in the future, the failure to receive or retain a liquor license, or any other required permit or license, in a particular location, or to continue to qualify for, or renew licenses, could have a material adverse effect on operations and our ability to obtain such a license or permit in other locations.

As a result of operating certain entertainment games and attractions, including skill-based games that offer redemption prizes, we are subject to amusement licensing and regulation by the states, counties and municipalities in which our stores are located. These laws and regulations can vary significantly by state, county, and municipality and, in some jurisdictions, may require us to modify our business operations or alter the mix of redemption games and simulators we offer. Moreover, as more states and local communities implement legalized gambling, the laws and corresponding enabling regulations may also be applicable to our redemption games and regulators may create new licensing requirements, taxes or fees, or restrictions on the various types of redemption games we offer. Furthermore, other states, counties and municipalities may make changes to existing laws to further regulate legalized gaming and illegal gambling. Adoption of these laws, or adverse interpretation of existing laws, could require our existing stores in these jurisdictions to alter the mix of games, modify certain games, limit the number of tickets that may be won by a customer from a redemption game, change the mix of prizes that we may offer at our WIN! area or terminate the use of specific games, any of which could adversely affect our operations. If we fail to comply with such laws and regulations, we may be subject to various sanctions and/or penalties and fines or may be required to cease operations until we achieve compliance, which could have an adverse effect on our business and our financial results.

Our costs of doing business could increase as a result of changes in, expanded enforcement of, or adoption of new federal, state or local laws and regulations.

We are subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations that govern numerous aspects of our business. Changes in, expanded enforcement of, or adoption of new federal, state or local laws and regulations governing minimum wage or living wage requirements; other wage, labor or workplace regulations; taxes; or environmental matters could increase our costs of doing business or impact our operations. In addition, recent healthcare reform legislation could adversely impact our labor costs.

We are subject to the Fair Labor Standards Act (which governs such matters as minimum wages, gratuities and overtime), along with the Americans with Disabilities Act, various family leave mandates and other federal, state and local laws and regulations that govern working conditions. We have a substantial number of hourly employees who are paid wage rates at or based on the applicable federal, state or local minimum wage. Further, we operate in many states and localities where the minimum wage is significantly higher than the federal minimum wage. We expect increases in payroll expenses as a result of federal, state and local mandated increases in the minimum wage, and we are uncertain of the repercussions, if any, of increased minimum wages

 

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on other expenses. For example, our suppliers may be more severely impacted by higher minimum wage standards, which could result in increased costs to us. In general, we have been able to substantially offset cost increases resulting from changes in minimum wage rates by increasing menu prices, improving productivity, or through other adjustments, but there can be no assurance that we will be able to continue to do so in the future, and our business, results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected. Moreover, although none of our employees have been or are now represented by any unions, labor organizations may seek to represent certain of our employees in the future, and if they are successful, our payroll expenses and other labor costs may be increased in the course of collective bargaining, and/or there may be strikes or other work disruptions that may adversely affect our business.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (the “PPACA”) includes provisions requiring health care coverage for all Americans that began in 2014. Higher costs associated with PPACA and similar federal and state legislation could increase our expense. Additionally, our distributors and suppliers also may be affected by higher health care-related costs, which could result in higher costs for goods and services supplied to us. We believe our plans meet current requirements, and we continue to review the PPACA and regulations issued related to employee wages and benefits to evaluate the potential impact on our business. There are no assurances that a combination of cost management and price increases can accommodate all of the costs associated with compliance.

The PPACA also requires us to comply with federal nutritional disclosure requirements. The Food and Drug Administration has issued regulations to implement the nutritional menu labeling provisions of the PPACA and these final regulations will be effective on May 7, 2018. The regulations establish a uniform, federal requirement for certain restaurants, including ours, to post certain nutritional information on their menus. We will be required to publish the total number of calories of standard menu items on menus, along with a statement that puts this calorie information in the context of a total daily calorie intake. The PPACA also requires us to provide to consumers, upon request, a written summary of detailed nutritional information for each standard menu item, and to provide a statement on menus about the availability of this information. The PPACA also permits the Food and Drug Administration to require us to make additional nutrient disclosures, such as disclosure of trans-fat content. An unfavorable report on, or reaction to, our menu ingredients, the size of our portions, or the nutritional content of our menu items could negatively influence the demand for our offerings. We cannot make any assurances regarding our ability to effectively respond to changes in consumer health perceptions or our ability to successfully implement the nutrient content disclosure requirements and to adapt our menu offerings to trends and eating habits. The imposition of menu-labeling laws could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial position, as well as the hospitality industry in general.

Immigration reform continues to attract significant attention in the public arena and the U.S. Congress. If new immigration legislation is enacted, such laws may contain provisions that could increase our costs in recruiting, training and retaining employees. Also, although our hiring practices comply with the requirements of federal law in reviewing employees’ citizenship or authority to work in the United States, increased enforcement efforts with respect to existing immigration laws by governmental authorities may disrupt a portion of our workforce or our operations at one or more of our stores, thereby negatively impacting our business.

We are also subject to federal, state and local environmental laws, regulations and other requirements. More stringent and varied requirements of local and state governmental bodies with respect to zoning, land use and environmental factors could delay or prevent development of new stores in particular locations. Environmental laws and regulations also govern, among other things, discharges of pollutants into the air and water as well as the presence, handling, release and disposal of and exposure to hazardous substances. These laws provide for significant fines and penalties for noncompliance. Third parties may also make personal injury, property damage or other claims against us associated with actual or alleged release of, or exposure to, hazardous substances at our properties. We could also be strictly liable, without regard to fault, for certain environmental conditions at properties we formerly owned or operated as well as at our current properties.

 

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Our sales and results of operations may be adversely affected by climate change and the passage of other environmental legislation and regulations. The costs and other effects of new legal requirements cannot be determined with certainty. For example, new legislation or regulations may result in increased costs directly for our compliance or indirectly to the extent that such requirements increase prices charged to us by vendors because of increased compliance costs. At this point, we are unable to determine the impact that climate change and other environmental legislation and regulations could have on our overall business.

Our success depends upon our ability to recruit and retain qualified store management and operating personnel while also controlling our labor costs.

We must continue to attract, retain and motivate a sufficient number of qualified management and operating personnel to maintain consistency in our service, hospitality, quality and atmosphere of our stores, in the United States and Canada. Qualified management and operating personnel are typically in high demand. If we are unable to attract and retain a satisfactory number of qualified management and operating personnel, labor shortages could delay the planned openings of new stores or adversely impact our existing stores. Any such delays, material increases in employee turnover rates in existing stores or widespread employee dissatisfaction could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations. Competition for qualified employees could require us to pay higher wages, which could result in higher labor costs and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

Our financial performance and the ability to successfully implement our strategic direction could be adversely affected if we fail to retain, or effectively respond, to a loss of key management.

Our future success significantly depends on the continued service and performance of our key management personnel. We have employment agreements with all members of senior management. However, we cannot prevent members of senior management from terminating their employment with us. Losing the services of members of senior management could materially harm our business until a suitable replacement is found, and such replacement may not have equal experience and capabilities. In addition, we have not purchased life insurance on any members of our senior management.

We face potential liability with our gift cards under the property laws of some states.

Our gift cards, which may be used to purchase food, beverages, merchandise and game play credits in our stores, may be considered stored value cards. Certain states include gift cards under their abandoned and unclaimed property laws, and require companies to remit to the state cash in an amount equal to all or a designated portion of the unredeemed balance on the gift cards based on certain card attributes and the length of time that the cards are inactive. To date we have not remitted any amounts relating to unredeemed gift cards to states based upon our assessment of applicable laws.

The analysis of the potential application of the abandoned and unclaimed property laws to our gift cards is complex, involving an analysis of constitutional, statutory provisions and factual issues. In the event that one or more states change their existing abandoned and unclaimed property laws or successfully challenge our position on the application of its abandoned and unclaimed property laws to our gift cards, our liabilities with respect to unredeemed gift cards may be materially higher than the amounts shown in our financial statements. If we are required to materially increase the estimated liability recorded in our financial statements with respect to unredeemed gift cards, our net income could be materially and adversely affected.

Our Power Cards may raise similar concerns to gift cards in terms of the applicability of states’ abandoned and unclaimed property laws. However, based on our analysis of abandoned and unclaimed property laws, we believe that our Power Cards are not stored value cards and such laws do not apply, although there can be no assurance that states will not take a different position.

 

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Customer complaints or litigation on behalf of our customers or employees may adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition.

Our business may be adversely affected by legal or governmental proceedings brought by or on behalf of our customers or employees. In recent years, a number of restaurant companies, including ours, have been subject to lawsuits, including class action lawsuits, alleging violations of federal and state law regarding workplace and employment matters, discrimination and similar matters, and a number of these lawsuits have resulted in the payment of substantial damages by the defendants. We could also face potential liability (which could be material) if we are found to have misclassified certain employees as exempt from the overtime requirements of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act and state labor laws, or if we are found to have failed to provide or continue health insurance or benefits to our employees in violation of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act or the PPACA. We have had from time to time and now have such lawsuits pending against us. In addition, from time to time, customers file complaints or lawsuits against us alleging that we are responsible for some illness or injury they suffered at or after a visit to a store. We are also subject to a variety of other claims in the ordinary course of business, including personal injury, lease and contract claims.

We are also subject to “dram shop” statutes in certain states in which our stores are located. These statutes generally provide a person injured by an intoxicated person the right to recover damages from an establishment that wrongfully served alcoholic beverages to the intoxicated individual. Recent litigation against restaurant chains has resulted in significant judgments and settlements under dram shop statutes. Because these cases often seek punitive damages, which may not be covered by insurance, such litigation could have an adverse impact on our business, results of operations or financial condition. Regardless of whether any claims against us are valid or whether we are liable, claims may be expensive to defend and may divert time and money away from operations and hurt our financial performance. A judgment significantly in excess of our insurance coverage or not covered by insurance could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition. Also, adverse publicity resulting from these allegations may materially affect our stores and us.

Local conditions, events, terrorist attacks, adverse weather conditions and natural disasters could adversely affect our business.

Certain of the regions in which our stores are located have been, and may in the future be, subject to adverse local conditions, events, terrorist attacks, adverse weather conditions, or natural disasters, such as earthquakes, floods and hurricanes. Depending upon its magnitude, a natural disaster could severely damage our stores, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition. Our corporate headquarters, company-owned distribution center, game repair facility and our data center, as well as our backup data facility are all located in Dallas, Texas. A natural or man-made disaster could significantly impact our ability to provide services and systems to our stores and negatively impact store operations throughout our operations. We currently maintain property and business interruption insurance through the aggregate property policy for each of our stores. However, such coverage may not be sufficient if there is a major disaster. In addition, upon the expiration of our current insurance policies, adequate insurance coverage may not be available at reasonable rates, or at all.

We may not be able to adequately protect our intellectual property.

Our intellectual property is essential to our success and competitive position. We use a combination of intellectual property rights, such as trademarks and trade secrets, to protect our brand and certain other proprietary processes and information material to our business. The success of our business strategy depends, in part, on our continued ability to use our intellectual property rights to increase brand awareness and further develop our branded products in both existing and new markets. If we fail to protect our intellectual property rights adequately, we may lose an important advantage in the markets in which we compete. If third parties misappropriate or infringe our intellectual property, the value of our image, brand and the goodwill associated therewith may be diminished, our brand may fail to achieve and maintain market recognition, and our

 

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competitive position may be harmed, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, including our revenues. Policing unauthorized use of our intellectual property is difficult, and we cannot be certain that the steps we have taken will prevent the violation or misappropriation of such intellectual property rights by others. To protect our intellectual property, we may become involved in litigation, which could result in substantial expenses, divert the attention of management and adversely affect our revenue, financial condition and results of operations.

We cannot be certain that our products and services do not and will not infringe on the intellectual property rights of others. Any such claims, regardless of merit, could be time-consuming and expensive to litigate or settle, divert the attention of management, cause significant delays, materially disrupt the conduct of our business and have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. As a consequence of such claims, we could be required to pay a substantial damage award, take a royalty-bearing license, discontinue the use of third-party products used within our operations and/or rebrand our business and products.

Disruptions in our information technology systems could have an adverse impact on our operations.

We rely heavily on various information technology systems, including point-of-sale, kiosk and amusement operations systems in our stores, data centers that process transactions, communication systems and various other software applications used throughout our operations. Our ability to effectively manage our business depends significantly on the reliability, integrity and capacity of these systems. Some of these systems have been internally developed or we may rely on third party providers and platforms for some of these information technology systems and support. Although we have operational safeguards in place, they may not be effective in preventing the failure of these systems or platforms to operate effectively and be available. Such failures may be caused by various factors, including power outages, catastrophic events, problems with transitioning to upgraded or replacement systems, flaws in third party software or services, errors by our employees or third party service providers, or a breach in the security of these systems or platforms, including through cyberattacks. If our incident response, disaster recovery and business continuity plans do not resolve these issues in an effective manner, they could cause material negative impacts to the efficiency of our operations and our financial results, and remediation of such problems could result in significant, unplanned capital expenditures.

The unauthorized access to, or theft or destruction of, customer or employee personal, financial or other data or of our proprietary or confidential information that is stored in our information systems or by third parties on our behalf could impact our reputation and brand and expose us to potential liability and loss of revenues.

The protection of customer, employee and company data is critical to us. We are subject to laws relating to information security, privacy, cashless payments, consumer credit and fraud. Additionally, an increasing number of government and industry groups have established laws and standards for the protection of personal and health information. The regulatory environment surrounding information security and privacy is increasingly demanding, with the frequent imposition of new and constantly changing requirements. Compliance with these requirements may result in cost increases due to necessary system changes and the development of new administrative processes, and if we fail to comply with laws and regulations regarding privacy and security, we could be exposed to risks of fines, investigations, litigation and disruption of our operations.

In the ordinary course of our business, we receive and maintain certain personal information from our customers, employees and vendors, and we process customer payments using payment information. Customers and employees have a high expectation that we will adequately protect their personal information. Third parties may have the technology or know-how to breach the security of this customer information, and our security measures and those of our technology vendors may not effectively prohibit others from obtaining improper access to this information. A number of restaurant operators and retailers have experienced security breaches in which credit and debit card information may have been stolen. Although we employ security technologies and practices, and have taken other steps to try to prevent a breach, we may nevertheless not have the resources or technical sophistication to prevent rapidly evolving types of cyberattacks. In fiscal 2007, there was an external

 

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breach of our credit card processing systems, which led to fraudulent credit card activity and resulted in the payment of fines and reimbursements for the fraudulent credit card activity. As part of a settlement with the Federal Trade Commission, we have implemented a series of corrective measures in order to ensure that our computer systems are secure and that our customers’ personal information is protected. If in the future, we experience another security breach, we could become subject to claims, lawsuits or other proceedings for purportedly fraudulent transactions arising out of the theft of credit or debit card information, compromised security and information systems, failure of our employees to comply with applicable laws, the unauthorized acquisition or use of such information by third parties, or other similar claims. In addition, such breach could put us in violation of our settlement agreement with the Federal Trade Commission. Any such incidents or proceedings could disrupt the operation of our stores, adversely affect our reputation, consumer confidence, and our results of operations, or result in the imposition of penalties or cause us to incur significant unplanned losses and expenditures, including those necessary to remediate any damage to persons whose personal information may have been compromised. Although we have established a cybersecurity policy, which includes a number of procedures designed to increase transparency and address our customers’ concerns regarding data breaches (whether actual or perceived), the policy may not be effective in addressing those concerns, which may in turn adversely affect our reputation and customer confidence. We maintain a separate insurance policy covering cybersecurity risks and such insurance coverage may, subject to policy terms and conditions, cover certain aspects of cyber risks, but this policy is subject to a retention amount and may not be applicable to a particular incident or otherwise may be insufficient to cover all our losses beyond any retention. Further, in light of recent court rulings, there is uncertainty as to whether traditional commercial general liability policies will be construed to cover the expenses related to cyberattacks and breaches if credit and debit card information is stolen.

We are required to maintain the highest level of Payment Card Industry (“PCI”) Data Security Standard compliance at our corporate office and stores. As part of an overall security program and to meet PCI standards, we undergo regular external vulnerability scans and we are reviewed by a third-party assessor. As PCI standards change, we may be required to implement additional security measures. If we do not maintain the required level of PCI compliance, we could be subject to costly fines or additional fees from the card brands that we accept, or lose our ability to accept those payment cards.

The market price of our common stock is subject to volatility.

The market price of our common stock may be significantly affected by a number of factors, including, but not limited to, actual or anticipated variations in our operating results or those of our competitors as compared to analyst expectations, changes in financial estimates by research analysts with respect to us or others in the restaurant and other entertainment industries, and announcement of significant transactions (including mergers or acquisitions, divestitures, joint ventures or other strategic initiatives) by us or others in the restaurant and other entertainment industries. In addition, the equity markets have experienced price and volume fluctuations that affect the stock price of companies in ways that have been unrelated to an individual company’s operating performance. The price for our common stock may continue to be volatile, based on factors specific to our company and industry, as well as factors related to the equity markets overall.

Failure of our internal control over financial reporting could harm our business and financial results.

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is a process to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting is not intended to provide absolute assurance that we would prevent or detect a misstatement of our financial statements or fraud. Any failure to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting could limit our ability to report our financial results accurately and timely or to detect and prevent fraud. A significant financial reporting failure or material weakness in internal control over financial reporting could result in substantial cost to remediate, and could cause a loss of investor confidence and decline in the market price of our stock.

 

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Provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws may discourage, delay or prevent a change of control of our company or changes in our management and, therefore, may depress the trading price of our stock.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws include certain provisions that could have the effect of discouraging, delaying or preventing a change of control of our Company or changes in our management, including, among other things:

 

    restrictions on the ability of our stockholders to fill a vacancy on the Board of Directors;

 

    our ability to issue preferred stock with terms that the Board of Directors may determine, without stockholder approval, which could be used to significantly dilute the ownership of a hostile acquirer;

 

    the inability of our stockholders to call a special meeting of stockholders;

 

    specify that special meetings of our stockholders can be called only upon the request of a majority of our Board of Directors or our Chief Executive Officer;

 

    the absence of cumulative voting in the election of directors, which may limit the ability of minority stockholders to elect directors; and

 

    advance notice requirements for stockholder proposals and nominations, which may discourage or deter a potential acquirer from soliciting proxies to elect a particular slate of directors or otherwise attempting to obtain control of us.

These provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated bylaws may discourage, delay or prevent a transaction involving a change of control of our Company that is in the best interest of our minority stockholders. Even in the absence of a takeover attempt, the existence of these provisions may adversely affect the prevailing market price of our common stock if they are viewed as discouraging future takeover attempts.

Changes in tax laws and resulting regulations could result in changes to our tax provisions and subject us to additional tax liabilities that could materially adversely affect our financial performance.

We are subject to income and other taxes in the U.S. and foreign jurisdictions. Changes in applicable U.S. or foreign tax laws and regulations, such as the December 2017 enactment of Federal legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Tax Act”), or their interpretation and application, including the possibility of retroactive effect and changes to state tax laws that may occur in response to the Tax Act, could affect our tax expense and profitability. In addition, the final determination of any tax audits or related litigation could be materially different from our historical income tax provision and accruals. Changes in our tax provision or an increase in our tax liability, whether due to changes in applicable laws and regulation, the interpretation or application thereof, or a final determination of tax audits or litigation, could materially adversely affect our financial performance.

 

ITEM 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

Not applicable.

 

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ITEM 2. Properties

As of February 4, 2018, we lease the building or site of all but one of our 106 operating stores. We own the building and land of our Tampa, Florida store which opened for business on October 30, 2017. The table below shows the locations of our operating stores as of February 4, 2018:

 

Location

   Total  

Arizona

     4  

Arkansas

     1  

California

     12  

Colorado

     2  

Connecticut

     1  

Florida

     6  

Georgia

     4  

Hawaii

     1  

Idaho

     1  

Illinois

     4  

Indiana

     1  

Kansas

     2  

Kentucky

     1  

Louisiana

     1  

Maryland

     4  

Massachusetts

     2  

Michigan

     3  

Minnesota

     2  

Missouri

     1  

Nebraska

     1  

Nevada

     1  

New Jersey

     1  

New Mexico

     1  

New York

     9  

North Carolina

     3  

Ohio

     5  

Oklahoma

     2  

Oregon

     1  

Pennsylvania

     4  

Rhode Island

     1  

South Carolina

     3  

Tennessee

     1  

Texas

     12  

Virginia

     3  

Washington

     1  

Wisconsin

     1  

Ontario, Canada

     2  

Puerto Rico

     1  
  

 

 

 

Total

     106  
  

 

 

 

The contracted lease terms, including renewal options, generally range from 20 to 40 years. Our leases typically provide for a minimum annual rent plus contingent rent to be determined as a percentage of the applicable store’s annual gross revenues. We currently pay contingent rent in 32 of our stores. Generally, leases are “net leases” that require us to pay our pro rata share of taxes, insurance and maintenance costs. All of our

 

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leases include renewal options that give us the opportunity to extend the lease terms through 2023 or later. Additionally, as of February 4, 2018, we have signed 30 lease agreements for future store openings, including eleven stores that are under construction. Our eleven stores under construction, including our stores in Rogers, Arkansas, Memphis, Tennessee, Wayne, New Jersey, and Anchorage, Alaska, which opened for business on February 5, 2018, February 12, 2018, February 14, 2018, and March 19, 2018 respectively, are excluded from the table above.

In addition to our leased stores, we lease a 47,000 square foot office building and 30,000 square foot warehouse facility in Dallas, Texas for use as our corporate headquarters and distribution center. This lease expires in October 2021, with options to renew until October 2041. We also lease a 43,000 square foot warehouse facility in Dallas, Texas for use as additional warehouse space. This lease will expire in September 2022, with an option to renew until September 2027.

 

ITEM 3. Legal Proceedings

We are subject to certain legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business, including intellectual property disputes, miscellaneous premises liability, employment-related claims and dram shop claims. In the opinion of management, based upon consultation with legal counsel, the amount of ultimate liability with respect to, or an adverse outcome in any such legal proceedings or claims will not materially affect our business, the consolidated results of our operations or our financial condition. Refer to Note 10 of Notes to Audited Consolidated Financial Statements for a summary of legal proceedings.

 

ITEM 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

None.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Common Stock Market Prices and Dividends

Our common stock has traded on NASDAQ Global Market (“NASDAQ”) under the symbol “PLAY”. As of March 28, 2018, there were 266 holders of record of our common stock. The following table sets forth, for the fiscal periods indicated, the high and low stock prices of our common stock as reported by NASDAQ.

 

Fiscal 2017

   High      Low  

First Quarter Ended April 30, 2017

   $ 64.50      $ 52.31  

Second Quarter Ended July 30, 2017

   $ 73.48      $ 60.68  

Third Quarter Ended October 29, 2017

   $ 63.83      $ 45.71  

Fourth Quarter Ended February 4, 2018

   $ 58.16      $ 43.77  

Fiscal 2016

   High      Low  

First Quarter Ended May 1, 2016

   $ 42.12      $ 29.54  

Second Quarter Ended July 31, 2016

   $ 49.90      $ 36.83  

Third Quarter Ended October 30, 2016

   $ 47.30      $ 37.60  

Fourth Quarter Ended January 29, 2017

   $ 58.25      $ 39.15  

On February 2, 2018, the closing price of our common stock on NASDAQ was $47.70. Computershare Trust Company, N.A. is the transfer agent and registrar for our common stock.

Dividend Policy

We have not historically declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock. We have elected to retain all available funds to fund the development and growth of our business, repurchase previously issued stock and reduce debt. However, in the future, subject to the factors described below and our future liquidity and capitalization, we may change this policy and choose to pay dividends or further expand our stock repurchase program. The amount of dividends we can pay is limited by the terms of our credit facility and may be further limited by any future indebtedness we incur. Our business is conducted through our principal operating subsidiary, Dave & Buster’s, Inc. (“D&B Inc”). Dividends from and cash generated by D&B Inc will be our principal sources of cash to repay indebtedness, fund operations and pay dividends. Accordingly, our ability to pay dividends to our stockholders is dependent on the earnings and distributions of funds from D&B Inc.

Any future determination to pay dividends or expand share repurchases will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will take into account:

 

    restrictions in agreements governing our indebtedness;

 

    general economic and business conditions;

 

    our financial condition and results of operations;

 

    our capital requirements;

 

    the ability of D&B Inc to pay dividends and make distributions to us; and

 

    other factors as our Board of Directors may deem relevant.

See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

 

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Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Information regarding repurchase of our common stock during the fourth quarter ended February 4, 2018:

 

Period (1)

   Total Number
of Shares
Repurchased
     Average Price
Paid per Share
     Total Number of Shares
Repurchased as Part of
Publicly Announced Plan (2)
     Approximate Dollar Value of
Shares That May Yet Be
Repurchased Under the Plan
(in thousands) (2)
 

October 30, 2017—November 26, 2017

     234,031      $ 48.72        234,031      $ 149,785  

November 27, 2017— December 31, 2017

     172,332      $ 53.19        172,332      $ 140,618  

January 1, 2018— February 4, 2018

     451,769      $ 47.27        451,769      $ 119,262  

 

(1) Monthly information is presented by reference to our fiscal periods during the fourth quarter ended February 4, 2018.
(2) Our Board of Directors has approved a share repurchase program, under which the Company may repurchase shares on the open market, through privately negotiated transactions, and through trading plans designed to comply with Rule 10b5-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). The share repurchase program may be modified, suspended or discontinued at any time. As of February 4, 2018, the Company has a total share repurchase authorization of $300,000 which expires at the end of fiscal 2018.

Performance Graph

The graph below and accompanying table matches D&B Entertainment’s cumulative total shareholder return on common stock with cumulative total returns of the NASDAQ Composite Index, S&P 600 Small Cap Index and S&P 600 Consumer Discretionary Index. The graph tracks the performance of a $100 investment in our common stock and in each of the indices (with the reinvestment of dividends) from October 10, 2014 (the date when our common stock first started trading) to February 4, 2018. The indices are included for comparative purposes only. They do not necessarily reflect management’s opinion that such indices are an appropriate measure of the relative performance of our common stock. This graph is furnished and not “filed” with the SEC and it is not “soliciting material”, and should not be incorporated by reference in any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Securities Act”), as amended, or the Exchange Act, whether made before or after the date hereof and irrespective of any general incorporation language in such filings.

 

LOGO

 

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     Period Ended  
     10/9/2014      2/1/2015      1/31/2016      1/29/2017      2/4/2018  

PLAY

   $ 100.00      $ 179.63      $ 226.69      $ 342.50      $ 298.13  

S&P 600 Small Cap

   $ 100.00      $ 110.16      $ 104.99      $ 141.75      $ 161.70  

S&P 600 Consumer Discretionary

   $ 100.00      $ 116.77      $ 103.57      $ 121.41      $ 144.21  

NASDAQ Composite

   $ 100.00      $ 108.40      $ 107.90      $ 132.38      $ 169.33  

 

ITEM 6. Selected Financial Data

The following selected financial data is qualified in its entirety by the consolidated financial statements (and the related Notes thereto) contained in Item 8 and should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Item 7. The statement of operations and cash flows data for each of the fiscal years ended February 4, 2018, January 29, 2017, and January 31, 2016 and the balance sheet data as of February 4, 2018 and January 29, 2017 were derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report. The statement of operations and cash flows data for the fiscal year ended February 1, 2015 and February 2, 2014 and the balance sheet data as of January 31, 2016, February 1, 2015 and February 2, 2014 were derived from our audited consolidated financial statements that are not included elsewhere in this Report. Unless otherwise noted herein, historic share data has been adjusted to give effect of a 224.9835679 for 1 stock split of our common stock which was effective on October 9, 2014.

The Company’s fiscal year consists of 52 or 53 weeks ending on the Sunday after the Saturday closest to January 31. Each quarterly period has 13 weeks, except in a 53 week year when the fourth quarter has 14 weeks. All fiscal years presented herein consist of 52 weeks, except fiscal 2017 (ended February 4, 2018), which consists of 53 weeks.

 

    Fiscal Year Ended  
  February 4,
2018
    January 29,
2017
    January 31,
2016
    February 1,
2015
     February 2,
2014
 

Statement of Operations Data:

          

Total revenues

  $ 1,139,791     $ 1,005,158     $ 866,982     $ 746,751      $ 635,579  

Operating income

    165,772       150,516       110,036       73,861        51,039  

Net income

    120,949       90,795       59,619       7,636        2,169  

Balance sheet data (as of end of period):

          

Cash and cash equivalents

    18,795       20,083       25,495       70,876        38,080  

Working capital (deficit) (1)

    (112,918     (102,193     (46,567     17,140        (13,700

Property and equipment, net

    726,455       606,865       523,891       436,048        388,093  

Total assets (2)

    1,197,030       1,052,733       1,003,701       944,794        854,385  

Total debt, net (2)

    366,249       264,128       337,416       423,496        478,304  

Stockholders’ equity

    421,646       439,452       346,338       258,697        150,448  

Other data:

          

Capital expenditures

  $ 219,901     $ 180,577     $ 162,892     $ 129,688      $ 105,894  

Stores open at end of period

    106       92       81       73        66  

Stores closed during period

    —         —         2       1        —    

Net income per share of common stock:

          

Basic

  $ 2.93     $ 2.16     $ 1.46     $ 0.22      $ 0.07  

Diluted

  $ 2.84     $ 2.10     $ 1.39     $ 0.21      $ 0.06  

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

          

Basic

    41,276,314       41,951,770       40,968,455       35,314,884        33,187,776  

Diluted

    42,583,009       43,288,592       42,783,905       37,126,048        34,030,115  

 

(1)  Defined as total current assets minus total current liabilities.
(2)  Fiscal 2016 and prior fiscal year balances have been revised to reflect the impact of adopting Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs.

 

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ITEM 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read together with our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included herein. Unless otherwise specified, the meanings of all defined terms in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” are consistent with the meanings of such terms as defined in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. This discussion contains statements that are, or may be deemed to be, “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, including the terms “believes,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “will” or “should” or, in each case, their negative or other variations or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements include all matters that are not historical facts. They appear in a number of places throughout this Report and include statements regarding our intentions, beliefs or current expectations concerning, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, prospects, growth, strategies and the industry in which we operate.

By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that may or may not occur in the future. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and our actual results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and the development of the industry in which we operate may differ materially from those made in or suggested by the forward-looking statements contained in this annual report as a result of various factors, including those set forth in Item 1A “Risk Factors”. In addition, even if our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and the development of the industry in which we operate are consistent with the forward-looking statements contained in this Report, those results or developments may not be indicative of results or developments in subsequent periods.

General

We are a leading owner and operator of high-volume venues in North America that combine dining and entertainment for both adults and families under the name “Dave & Buster’s”. Founded in 1982, the core of our concept is to offer our customers the opportunity to “Eat Drink Play and Watch” all in one location. Eat and Drink is offered through a full menu of entrées and appetizers and a full selection of non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages. Our Play and Watch offerings provide an extensive assortment of entertainment attractions centered around playing games and watching live sports and other televised events. Our customer mix skews moderately to males, primarily between the ages of 21 and 39, and we believe we also serve as an attractive venue for families with children and teenagers. We believe we appeal to a diverse customer base by providing a highly customizable experience in a dynamic and fun setting.

Our stores average 42,000 square feet, range in size between 16,000 and 66,000 square feet and are open seven days a week, with hours of operation typically from 11:30 a.m. to midnight on Sunday through Thursday and 11:30 a.m. to 2:00 a.m. on Friday and Saturday.

 

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Our Growth Strategies and Outlook

Our growth is based primarily on the following strategies:

 

    Build great new stores;

 

    Drive our comparable stores sales; and

 

    Expand the Dave & Buster’s brand internationally.

For further information about our growth strategies and outlook, see Item 1 “Business – Our Growth Strategies”.

Key Measures of Our Performance

We monitor and analyze a number of key performance measures to manage our business and evaluate financial and operating performance. These measures include:

Comparable store sales. Comparable store sales are a year-over-year comparison of sales at stores open at the end of the period that have been open for at least 18 months as of the beginning of each of the fiscal years. It is a key performance indicator used within the industry and is indicative of acceptance of our initiatives as well as local economic and consumer trends. Our comparable stores consisted of 76, 66 and 59 stores as of the end of fiscal 2017, fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively.

New store openings. Our ability to expand our business and reach new customers is influenced by the opening of additional stores in both new and existing markets. The success of our new stores is indicative of our brand appeal and the efficacy of our site selection and operating models. During fiscal 2017, we opened fourteen new stores.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to the results provided in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), we provide non-GAAP measures which present operating results on an adjusted basis. These are supplemental measures of performance that are not required by or presented in accordance with GAAP and include Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA Margin, Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization and Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margin (defined below). These non-GAAP measures do not represent and should not be considered as an alternative to net income or cash flows from operations, as determined in accordance with GAAP, and our calculations thereof may not be comparable to similarly entitled measures reported by other companies and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures of performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. Although we use these non-GAAP measures to assess the operating performance of our business, they have significant limitations as an analytical tool because they exclude certain material costs. For example, Adjusted EBITDA does not take into account a number of significant items, including our interest expense and depreciation and amortization expense. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA excludes pre-opening and other costs which may be important in analyzing our GAAP results. Because Adjusted EBITDA does not account for these expenses, its utility as a measure of our operating performance has material limitations. Our calculations of Adjusted EBITDA adjust for these amounts because they vary from period to period and do not directly relate to the ongoing operations of the currently underlying business of our stores and therefore complicate comparison of underlying business between periods. Nevertheless, because of the limitations described above, management does not view Adjusted EBITDA or Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization in isolation and also uses other measures, such as revenues, gross margin, operating income and net income to measure operating performance.

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin. We define “Adjusted EBITDA” as net income plus interest expense, net, loss on debt refinancing, provision for income taxes, depreciation and amortization

 

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expense, loss on asset disposal, share-based compensation, pre-opening costs, capital markets transaction costs, currency transaction (gains) losses and other costs. “Adjusted EBITDA Margin” is defined as Adjusted EBITDA divided by total revenues.

Adjusted EBITDA is presented because we believe that it provides useful information to investors and analysts regarding our operating performance. By reporting Adjusted EBITDA, we provide a basis for comparison of our business operations between current, past and future periods by excluding items that we do not believe are indicative of our core operating performance.

Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization and Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margin. We define “Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization” as operating income plus depreciation and amortization expense, general and administrative expenses and pre-opening costs. “Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margin” is defined as Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization divided by total revenues. Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margin allows us to evaluate operating performance of each store across stores of varying size and volume.

We believe that Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization is another useful measure in evaluating our operating performance because it removes the impact of general and administrative expenses, which are not incurred at the store-level, and the costs of opening new stores, which are non-recurring at the store-level, and thereby enables the comparability of the operating performance of our stores for the periods presented. We also believe that Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization is a useful measure in evaluating our operating performance within the entertainment and dining industry because it permits the evaluation of store-level productivity, efficiency and performance, and we use Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization as a means of evaluating store financial performance compared with our competitors. However, because this measure excludes significant items such as general and administrative expenses and pre-opening costs, as well as our interest expense, net and depreciation and amortization expense, which are important in evaluating our consolidated financial performance from period to period, the value of this measure is limited as a measure of our consolidated financial performance.

Presentation of Operating Results

The Company’s fiscal year consists of 52 or 53 weeks ending on the Sunday after the Saturday closest to January 31. Each quarterly period has 13 weeks, except in a 53 week year when the fourth quarter has 14 weeks. Fiscal 2017, which ended on February 4, 2018, contained 53 weeks. Fiscal 2016 and 2015, which ended on January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, respectively, each contained 52 weeks. All dollar amounts are presented in thousands, unless otherwise noted, except share and per share amounts.

Overview

 

    Total revenues increased 13.4% to $1,139,791 in fiscal 2017 compared to $1,005,158 in fiscal 2016. Excluding an estimated $19,685 related to the 53rd week of fiscal 2017, net revenues grew 11.4%. Our revenue growth was primarily influenced by the number of new store openings.

 

    Comparable store sales decreased 0.9%, excluding the impact of the 53rd week in fiscal 2017, driven by lower customer volumes.

 

    Operating income increased to $165,772 in fiscal 2017 compared to Operating income of $150,516 in fiscal 2016. Fiscal 2017 operating margin was 14.5% compared to 15.0% in fiscal 2016. The slight decrease in operating margin in fiscal 2017 was primarily driven by the increased margin pressure on occupancy costs associated with our recent store openings and higher pre-opening costs, partially offset by lower cost of products and lower operating payroll and benefits, as a percentage of sales.

 

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    Earnings per share (“EPS”) for fiscal 2017 increased to $2.84 per diluted share, compared to EPS of $2.10 per diluted share in fiscal 2016, which benefited about equally from improved operating results and reduced tax expense.

 

    Cash flows from operations were $264,672 in fiscal 2017 compared to $231,329 in fiscal 2016. The increase was primarily due to increased cash flows from additional non-comparable store sales and an additional week of operations.

 

    Capital expenditures were $219,901 in fiscal 2017 compared to $180,577 in fiscal 2016. During fiscal 2017, we opened fourteen stores.

Liquidity and Cash Flows

The primary source of cash flow is from our operating activities and availability under the revolving credit facility.

Store-Level Variability, Quarterly Fluctuations, Seasonality and Inflation

We have historically operated stores varying in size and have experienced significant variability among stores in volumes, operating results and net investment costs.

Our new stores typically open with sales volumes in excess of their expected long term run-rate levels, which we refer to as a “honeymoon” effect. We expect our new store sales volumes in year two to be 10% to 20% lower than our year one targets, and to grow in line with the rest of our comparable store base thereafter. As a result of the substantial revenues associated with each new store, the number and timing of new store openings will result in significant fluctuations in quarterly results.

In the first year of operation new store operating margins (excluding pre-opening expenses) typically benefit from honeymoon sales leverage on occupancy, management labor and other fixed costs. This benefit is partially offset by normal inefficiencies in hourly labor and other costs associated with establishing a new store. In year two, operating margins may decline due to the loss of honeymoon sales leverage on fixed costs which is partially offset by improvements in store operating efficiency. Furthermore, rents in our new stores are typically higher than our comparable store base.

Our operating results fluctuate significantly from quarter to quarter as a result of seasonal factors. Typically, we have higher first and fourth quarter revenues associated with the spring and year-end holidays. These quarters will continue to be susceptible to the impact of severe or unseasonably mild weather on customer traffic and sales during that period. Our third quarter, which encompasses the back-to-school fall season, has historically had lower revenues as compared to the other quarters.

We expect that economic and environmental conditions and changes in regulatory legislation will continue to exert pressure on both supplier pricing and consumer spending related to entertainment and dining alternatives. Although there is no assurance that our cost of products will remain stable or that federal, state or local minimum wage rates will not increase beyond amounts currently legislated, the effects of any supplier price increases or wage rate increases are expected to be partially offset by selected menu price increases where competitively appropriate.

 

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Fiscal 2017 Compared to Fiscal 2016

Results of operations. The following table sets forth selected data, in thousands of dollars and as a percentage of total revenues (unless otherwise noted) for the periods indicated. All information is derived from the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

 

     Fiscal Year Ended
February 4, 2018
     Fiscal Year Ended
January 29, 2017
 

Food and beverage revenues

   $ 494,816        43.4    $ 452,140        45.0

Amusement and other revenues

     644,975        56.6        553,018        55.0  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     1,139,791        100.0        1,005,158        100.0  

Cost of food and beverage (as a percentage of food and beverage revenues)

     127,600        25.8        114,946        25.4  

Cost of amusement and other (as a percentage of amusement and other revenues)

     69,072        10.7        65,354        11.8  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cost of products

     196,672        17.3        180,300        17.9  

Operating payroll and benefits

     256,724        22.5        228,827        22.8  

Other store operating expenses

     334,546        29.4        287,322        28.6  

General and administrative expenses

     59,565        5.2        54,474        5.4  

Depreciation and amortization expense

     102,766        9.0        88,305        8.8  

Pre-opening costs

     23,746        2.1        15,414        1.5  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating costs

     974,019        85.5        854,642        85.0  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income

     165,772        14.5        150,516        15.0  

Interest expense, net

     8,665        0.7        6,985        0.7  

Loss on debt retirement

     718        0.1        —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

     156,389        13.7        143,531        14.3  

Provision for income taxes

     35,440        3.1        52,736        5.3  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 120,949        10.6    $ 90,795        9.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Change in comparable store sales (1)

        (0.9 )%          3.3

Company-owned stores open at end of period (2)

        106           92  

Comparable stores open at end of period

        76           66  

 

(1)  The fiscal year 2017 comparable store sales have been adjusted to remove the impact of the 53rd week prior to calculating the year-over-year change percentage.
(2)  The number of new store openings during the last two fiscal years were as follows:

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
February 4,
2018
     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29,
2017
 

First Quarter

     4        3  

Second Quarter

     4        2  

Third Quarter

     1        2  

Fourth Quarter

     5        4  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     14        11  

 

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Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA

The following table reconciles (in dollars and as percent of total revenues) Net income to Adjusted EBITDA for the periods indicated:

 

     Fiscal Year Ended
February 4, 2018
     Fiscal Year Ended
January 29, 2017
 

Net income

   $ 120,949       10.6    $ 90,795       9.0

Interest expense, net

     8,665          6,985    

Loss on debt retirement

     718          —      

Provision for income tax

     35,440          52,736    

Depreciation and amortization expense

     102,766          88,305    
  

 

 

      

 

 

   

EBITDA

     268,538       23.6      238,821       23.8

Loss on asset disposal

     1,863          1,533    

Share-based compensation

     8,916          5,828    

Pre-opening costs

     23,746          15,414    

Transaction and other costs (1)

     (333        (73  
  

 

 

      

 

 

   

Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 302,730       26.6    $ 261,523       26.0
  

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

(1)  Primarily represents costs related to currency transaction (gains) or losses.

Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization

The following table reconciles (in dollars and as a percent of total revenues) Operating income to Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization for the periods indicated:

 

     Fiscal Year Ended
February 4, 2018
     Fiscal Year Ended
January 29, 2017
 

Operating income

   $ 165,772        14.5    $ 150,516        15.0

General and administrative expenses

     59,565           54,474     

Depreciation and amortization expense

     102,766           88,305     

Pre-opening costs

     23,746           15,414     
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization

   $ 351,849        30.9    $ 308,709        30.7
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

Capital Additions

The following table represents total accrual-based additions to property and equipment. Total capital additions do not include any reductions for accrual-based tenant improvement allowances or proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions (collectively, “Payments from landlords”).

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
February 4,
2018
     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29,
2017
 

New store

   $ 168,381      $ 135,476  

Operating initiatives, including remodels

     17,068        20,919  

Games

     18,712        19,809  

Maintenance capital

     19,160        15,983  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total capital additions

   $ 223,321      $ 192,187  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Payments from landlords

   $ 40,334      $ 46,262  

 

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Results of Operations

Revenues

Total revenues increased $134,633, or 13.4%, to $1,139,791 in fiscal 2017 compared to total revenues of $1,005,158 in fiscal 2016. We have estimated the impact of the 53rd week of fiscal 2017 to be $19,685. For the year ended February 4, 2018, we derived 29.5% of our total revenue from food sales, 13.9% from beverage sales, 55.8% from amusement sales and 0.8% from other sources. For the year ended January 29, 2017, we derived 30.4% of our total revenue from food sales, 14.6% from beverage sales, 54.2% from amusement sales and 0.8% from other sources.

The increased revenues in fiscal 2017 were from the following sources:

 

Comparable stores - excluding impact of 53rd week

   $ (7,962

Comparable stores - 53rd week impact

     14,268  

Non-comparable stores

     128,616  

Other

     (289
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 134,633  
  

 

 

 

The following discussion on comparable store sales has been prepared by comparing fiscal 2017 revenues on a 52 week basis to fiscal 2016 revenues.

Comparable store revenue decreased $7,962, or 0.9%, in fiscal 2017 compared to fiscal 2016. Comparable store revenue compared to the prior fiscal year was, in part, negatively impacted by decreases in our food and beverage unit sales throughout the year, increased pressure from competition, cannibalization of sales from our new store openings and weather related sales interruptions in the third and fourth quarter. Comparable walk-in revenues, which accounted for 89.2% of comparable store revenue for fiscal 2017, decreased $6,572, or 0.8% compared to fiscal 2016. Comparable store special events revenues, which accounted for 10.8% of consolidated comparable store revenue for fiscal 2017, decreased $1,390, or 1.4% compared to fiscal 2016.

Food sales at comparable stores decreased by $11,632, or 4.3%, to $257,727 for fiscal 2017 from $269,359 in fiscal 2016. Beverage sales at comparable stores decreased by $6,654, or 5.1%, to $122,710 for fiscal 2017 from $129,364 in fiscal 2016. The decrease in food and beverage sales at comparable stores is attributed to lower customer volumes and was partially offset by an overall increase in menu prices. Comparable store amusement and other revenues in fiscal 2017 increased by $10,324, or 2.1%, to $499,638 from $489,314 in fiscal 2016, due to an increase in the revenue per Power Card sold.

Revenue at our 30 non-comparable stores increased $128,616 for fiscal 2017 compared to fiscal 2016. The increase in non-comparable store revenue was primarily driven by 718 additional operating store weeks including an additional 30 store weeks due to our 53 week year.

Cost of products

The total cost of products was $196,672 for fiscal 2017 and $180,300 for fiscal 2016. The total cost of products as a percentage of total revenues was 17.3% and 17.9% for fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016, respectively. For the year ended February 4, 2018, the cost of food products was 26.6% of food revenue, the cost of beverage products was 24.1% of beverage revenue, and the amusement and other cost of products was 10.7% of amusement and other revenues. For the year ended January 29, 2017, the cost of food products was 26.1% of food revenue, the cost of beverage products was 23.9% of beverage revenue, and the amusement and other cost of products was 11.8% of amusement and other revenues.

 

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Cost of food and beverage products increased to $127,600 in fiscal 2017 compared to $114,946 for fiscal 2016 due primarily to the increased sales volume at our non-comparable stores. Cost of food and beverage products, as a percentage of food and beverage revenues, increased 40 basis points to 25.8% for fiscal 2017 from 25.4% for fiscal 2016. Higher poultry cost and the impact of our larger non-comparable store group were partially offset by savings in seafood and increases in food and beverage menu prices.

Cost of amusement and other increased to $69,072 in fiscal 2017 compared to $65,354 in fiscal 2016 as cost reductions at comparable stores were more than offset by costs related to our non-comparable stores. The costs of amusement and other, as a percentage of amusement and other revenues, decreased 110 basis points to 10.7% for fiscal 2017 from 11.8% for fiscal 2016. The decrease in cost of amusement and other as a percentage of revenue was due, in part, to a $2,726, or 40 basis point, amusement cost reduction in fiscal 2017 due to the favorable settlement of a multi-year use tax audit by the state of Texas. This cost reduction represents the excess use tax on redemption items during the period from July 2011 through January 2017. Additionally, the decrease in cost of amusement and other as a percentage of revenue was positively impacted by a shift in game play from redemption to non-redemption games and price increases implemented earlier in the year.

Operating payroll and benefits

Total operating payroll and benefits increased by $27,897, or 12.2%, to $256,724 in fiscal 2017 compared to $228,827 in fiscal 2016. This increase was primarily due to labor associated with 718 additional operating store weeks of our thirty non-comparable stores as well as the impact of the 53rd week on our comparable stores and was partially offset by an approximate $1,300 decrease in store-level incentive compensation. The total cost of operating payroll and benefits, as a percentage of total revenues, decreased 30 basis points to 22.5% in fiscal 2017 compared to 22.8% for fiscal 2016. This decrease was due to lower store-level incentive compensation and payroll related benefits which decreased approximately 40 basis points, partially offset by a hourly wage rate increase of approximately 4.5% and normal labor inefficiencies associated with our non-comparable store base.

Other store operating expenses

Other store operating expenses increased by $47,224, or 16.4%, to $334,546 in fiscal 2017 compared to $287,322 in fiscal 2016, primarily due to new store openings and the impact of the 53rd week in fiscal 2017. Other store operating expenses as a percentage of total revenues increased 80 basis points to 29.4% in fiscal 2017 compared to 28.6% in fiscal 2016. This increase was due primarily to increased margin pressure on occupancy costs associated with our recent store openings.

General and administrative expenses

General and administrative expenses increased by $5,091, or 9.3%, to $59,565 in fiscal 2017 compared to $54,474 in fiscal 2016. The increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily driven by a second quarter $2,550 charge for net litigation settlement costs, increased labor costs at our corporate headquarters and incremental compensation costs related to our share-based awards partially offset by lower incentive compensation expenses. General and administrative expenses, as a percentage of total revenues, decreased 20 basis points to 5.2% in fiscal 2017 compared to 5.4% in fiscal 2016, due to favorable leverage on sales.

Depreciation and amortization expense

Depreciation and amortization expense increased by $14,461, or 16.4%, to $102,766 in fiscal 2017 compared to $88,305 in fiscal 2016. Increased depreciation due to our 2016 and 2017 capital expenditures for new stores, operating initiatives, including remodels, games and maintenance capital, as well as an estimated $2,000 related to the 53rd week of 2017, partially offset by other assets reaching the end of their depreciable lives.

 

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Pre-opening costs

Pre-opening costs increased by $8,332 to $23,746 in fiscal 2017 compared to $15,414 in fiscal 2016 due to the number and timing of new store openings and stores in development.

Interest expense, net

Interest expense, net increased by $1,680 to $8,665 in fiscal 2017 compared to $6,985 in fiscal 2016 due primarily to higher variable interest rates and an estimated $200 related to the 53rd week of 2017.

Loss on debt refinancing

In connection with the August 17, 2017, debt refinancing (see Note 5 of Notes to Audited Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion), the Company recorded a charge of $718 during the third quarter of fiscal 2017.

Provision for income taxes

The effective income tax rate decreased to 22.7% in fiscal 2017 compared to 36.7% in fiscal 2016. This decrease in the effective tax rate primarily reflects a favorable 7.3% impact from the implementation of new accounting guidance in fiscal 2017 that requires the excess tax benefit from exercised stock options and vested restricted stock to be recorded in the income tax provision instead of additional paid-in-capital, and a favorable 6.4% impact from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act enacted on December 22, 2017. Other differences from the statutory rate are due to the FICA tip credits, state income taxes and the impact of certain income and expense items which are not recognized for income tax purposes. Refer to Note 1 of Notes to Audited Consolidated Financial Statements, for further discussion of the accounting change, and refer to Note 6 of Notes to Audited Consolidated Financial Statements, for further information on our income tax provision.

 

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Fiscal 2016 Compared to Fiscal 2015

Results of operations. The following table sets forth selected data, in thousands of dollars and as a percentage of total revenues (unless otherwise noted) for the periods indicated. All information is derived from the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

 

     Fiscal Year Ended
January 29, 2017
     Fiscal Year Ended
January 31, 2016
 

Food and beverage revenues

   $ 452,140        45.0    $ 405,841        46.8

Amusement and other revenues

     553,018        55.0        461,141        53.2  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     1,005,158        100.0        866,982        100.0  

Cost of food and beverage (as a percentage of food and beverage revenues)

     114,946        25.4        104,757        25.8  

Cost of amusement and other (as a percentage of amusement and other revenues)

     65,354        11.8        58,053        12.6  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cost of products

     180,300        17.9        162,810        18.8  

Operating payroll and benefits

     228,827        22.8        200,129        23.1  

Other store operating expenses

     287,322        28.6        250,186        28.8  

General and administrative expenses

     54,474        5.4        53,600        6.2  

Depreciation and amortization expense

     88,305        8.8        78,660        9.1  

Pre-opening costs

     15,414        1.5        11,561        1.3  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating costs

     854,642        85.0        756,946        87.3  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income

     150,516        15.0        110,036        12.7  

Interest expense, net

     6,985        0.7        11,464        1.3  

Loss on debt retirement

     —          —          6,822        0.8  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

     143,531        14.3        91,750        10.6  

Provision for income taxes

     52,736        5.3        32,131        3.7  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 90,795        9.0    $ 59,619        6.9
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Change in comparable store sales

        3.3         8.9

Company-owned stores open at end of period (1)

        92           81  

Comparable stores open at end of period

        66           59  

 

(1)  The number of new store openings during the last two fiscal years were as follows:

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29,
2017
     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31,
2016
 

First Quarter

     3        2  

Second Quarter

     2        2  

Third Quarter

     2        2  

Fourth Quarter

     4        4  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     11        10  

 

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Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA

The following table reconciles (in dollars and as a percent of total revenues) Net income to Adjusted EBITDA for the periods indicated:

 

     Fiscal Year Ended
January 29, 2017
     Fiscal Year Ended
January 31, 2016
 

Net income

   $ 90,795       9.0    $ 59,619        6.9

Interest expense, net

     6,985          11,464     

Loss on debt retirement

     —            6,822     

Provision for income tax

     52,736          32,131     

Depreciation and amortization expense

     88,305          78,660     
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

EBITDA

     238,821       23.8      188,696        21.8

Loss on asset disposal

     1,533          1,411     

Share-based compensation

     5,828          4,109     

Pre-opening costs

     15,414          11,561     

Transaction and other costs (1)

     (73        2,068     
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Adjusted EBITDA (2)

   $ 261,523       26.0    $ 207,845        24.0
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

(1)  Primarily represents costs related to currency transaction (gains) or losses, capital market transactions and store closure costs.
(2)  Beginning in the fourth quarter of 2016 we revised our calculation of Adjusted EBITDA to exclude adjustments for changes in deferred amusement revenue and ticket liabilities. This change has been applied retrospectively to all periods presented.

Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization

The following table reconciles (in dollars and as a percent of total revenues) Operating income to Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization for the periods indicated:

 

     Fiscal Year Ended
January 29, 2017
     Fiscal Year Ended
January 31, 2016
 

Operating income

   $ 150,516        15.0    $ 110,036        12.7

General and administrative expenses

     54,474           53,600     

Depreciation and amortization expense

     88,305           78,660     

Pre-opening costs

     15,414           11,561     
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization

   $ 308,709        30.7    $ 253,857        29.3
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

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Capital Additions

The following table represents total accrual-based additions to property and equipment. Total capital additions do not include any reductions for Payments from landlords.

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29,
2017
     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31,
2016
 

New store

   $ 135,476      $ 120,648  

Operating initiatives, including remodels

     20,919        22,106  

Games

     19,809        9,870  

Maintenance Capital

     15,983        14,712  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total capital additions

   $ 192,187      $ 167,336  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Payments from landlords

   $ 46,262      $ 29,754  

Results of Operations

Revenues

Total revenues increased $138,176, or 15.9%, to $1,005,158 in fiscal 2016 compared to total revenues of $866,982 in fiscal 2015. For the year ended January 29, 2017, we derived 30.4% of our total revenue from food sales, 14.6% from beverage sales, 54.2% from amusement sales and 0.8% from other sources. For the year ended January 31, 2016, we derived 31.6% of our total revenue from food sales, 15.2% from beverage sales, 52.4% from amusement sales and 0.8% from other sources.

The increased revenues in fiscal 2016 were from the following sources:

 

Comparable stores

   $ 25,587  

Non-comparable stores

     112,023  

Other

     566  
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 138,176  
  

 

 

 

Comparable store revenue increased $25,587, or 3.3%, in fiscal 2016 compared to fiscal 2015. The increase in comparable store revenue over prior year is primarily attributed to growth in amusement sales. Comparable walk-in revenues, which accounted for 88.9% of comparable store revenue for fiscal 2016, increased $23,550, or 3.5% compared to fiscal 2015. Comparable store special events revenues, which accounted for 11.1% of consolidated comparable store revenue for fiscal 2016, increased $2,037, or 2.4% compared to fiscal 2015.

Food sales at comparable stores decreased by $817, or 0.3%, to $240,998 for fiscal 2016 from $241,815 in fiscal 2015. Beverage sales at comparable stores decreased by $381, or 0.3%, to $114,547 for fiscal 2016 from $114,928 in fiscal 2015. The decrease in food and beverage sales at comparable stores is attributed to lower customer volumes and was partially offset by an overall increase in menu prices. Comparable store amusement and other revenues in fiscal 2016 increased by $26,785, or 6.5%, to $436,427 from $409,642 in fiscal 2015, due to an increase in both the number of Power Cards sold and the revenue per Power Card sold. The growth over fiscal 2015 in amusement sales was driven in part, by national advertising, which highlighted our new game offerings (including games available only at Dave & Buster’s stores), and the return of our “Everyone’s a Winner” promotion and “Summer of Games” campaign, which featured nine new games.

Non-comparable store revenue increased $112,023 for fiscal 2016 compared to fiscal 2015. The increase in non-comparable store revenue was primarily driven by 532 net additional operating store weeks contributed by our twenty-six non-comparable stores.

 

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Cost of products

The total cost of products was $180,300 for fiscal 2016 and $162,810 for fiscal 2015. The total cost of products as a percentage of total revenues was 17.9% and 18.8% for fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively. For the year ended January 29, 2017, the cost of food products was 26.1% of food revenue, the cost of beverage products was 23.9% of beverage revenue, and the amusement and other cost of products was 11.8% of amusement and other revenues. For the year ended January 31, 2016, the cost of food products was 26.9% of food revenue, the cost of beverage products was 23.6% of beverage revenue, and the amusement and other cost of products was 12.6% of amusement and other revenues.

Cost of food and beverage products increased to $114,946 in fiscal 2016 compared to $104,757 for fiscal 2015 due primarily to the increased sales volume related to new store openings. Cost of food and beverage products, as a percentage of food and beverage revenues, decreased 40 basis points to 25.4% for fiscal 2016 from 25.8% for fiscal 2015. The decrease in the cost of food and beverage as a percentage of revenues is primarily due to lower cost of commodities in our meat, seafood and poultry categories.

Cost of amusement and other increased to $65,354 in fiscal 2016 compared to $58,053 in fiscal 2015. The costs of amusement and other, as a percentage of amusement and other revenues, decreased 80 basis points to 11.8% for fiscal 2016 from 12.6% for fiscal 2015. This decrease was due, primarily, to reduced paper ticket costs for our redemption games resulting from our “e-ticket” initiative, which was implemented during the first half of fiscal 2015.

Operating payroll and benefits

For the year ended January 29, 2017, hourly wages represented 55.6% of operating payroll and benefits costs, 25.8% related to management labor and 18.6% represented expenses for payroll taxes, benefits and store-level incentive compensation. For the year ended January 31, 2016, hourly wages represented 54.0% of operating payroll and benefits costs, 25.5% related to management labor and 20.5% represented expenses for payroll taxes, benefits and store-level incentive compensation. Total operating payroll and benefits increased by $28,698, or 14.3%, to $228,827 in fiscal 2016 compared to $200,129 in fiscal 2015. This increase was primarily due to labor associated with the 532 net additional operating store weeks of our twenty-six non-comparable stores and was partially offset by an approximately $2,200 decrease in store-level incentive compensation. The total cost of operating payroll and benefits, as a percentage of total revenues, decreased 30 basis points to 22.8% in fiscal 2016 compared to 23.1% for fiscal 2015. This decrease was due, in part, to store-level incentive compensation and payroll related benefits which decreased approximately 50 basis points, partially offset by a hourly wage rate increases of approximately 4.7% and normal labor inefficiencies associated with our non-comparable store base.

Other store operating expenses

Other store operating expenses increased by $37,136, or 14.8%, to $287,322 in fiscal 2016 compared to $250,186 in fiscal 2015, primarily due to new store openings and higher costs of marketing due to strategic shifts in media purchasing and increases in the underlying price of the media. Other store operating expenses as a percentage of total revenues decreased 20 basis points to 28.6% in fiscal 2016 compared to 28.8% in fiscal 2015. The favorable basis point reduction was due primarily to favorable leverage of utilities, repairs and occupancy expense on increased revenue partially offset by increased credit card chargebacks.

General and administrative expenses

General and administrative expenses increased by $874, or 1.6%, to $54,474 in fiscal 2016 compared to $53,600 in fiscal 2015. The increase was driven primarily by incremental compensation costs related to our 2015 and 2016 share-based awards partially offset by the absence of costs associated with fiscal 2015 capital market transactions. General and administrative expenses, as a percentage of total revenues, decreased by 80 basis points to 5.4% in fiscal 2016 compared to 6.2% in fiscal 2015, as a result of favorable leverage on increased sales.

 

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Depreciation and amortization expense

Depreciation and amortization expense increased by $9,645, or 12.3%, to $88,305 in fiscal 2016 compared to $78,660 in fiscal 2015. Increased depreciation due to our 2015 and 2016 capital expenditures for new stores, operating initiatives, including remodels, games and maintenance capital, was partially offset by other assets reaching the end of their depreciable lives.

Pre-opening costs

Pre-opening costs increased by $3,853 to $15,414 in fiscal 2016 compared to $11,561 in fiscal 2015 due to the number and timing of new store openings.

Interest expense, net

Interest expense, net decreased by $4,479 to $6,985 in fiscal 2016 compared to $11,464 in fiscal 2015 due primarily to a reduction in outstanding debt and lower interest rates as a result of the May 15, 2015 debt refinancing.

Loss on debt retirement

During fiscal 2015, in connection with the May 15, 2015 debt refinancing, the Company recorded a charge of $6,822. This charge includes non-cash charges of $6,790 resulting from the write off of certain unamortized debt issuance costs and the unamortized discount associated with the prior credit facility and $32 of legal expenses.

Provision for income taxes

Our effective tax rate was 36.7% for fiscal 2016 compared to 35.0% for fiscal 2015. The increase in our effective tax rate is primarily due to the impact of state taxes. The 2016 income tax expense was substantially driven by our improved pre-tax income which resulted from the collective impact of the operating factors and reduced debt-related expenses previously discussed. Our effective tax rate differs from the statutory rate due to the FICA tip credits, state income taxes and the impact of certain income and expense items which are not recognized for income tax purposes.

 

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Quarterly Results of Operations and Seasonality

The following table sets forth certain unaudited financial and operating data in each fiscal quarter during fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016. The unaudited quarterly information includes all normal recurring adjustments that we consider necessary for a fair presentation of the information shown. This information should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this Report.

 

    Fiscal 2017 – Period Ended
(unaudited) (1)
    Fiscal 2016 – Period Ended
(unaudited) (1)
 
    Feb 4,
2018
    Oct 29,
2017
    Jul 30,
2017
    Apr 30,
2017
    Jan 29,
2017
    Oct 30,
2016
    Jul 31,
2016
    May 1,
2016
 

Food and beverage revenues

  $ 138,626       107,690       118,689       129,811     $ 126,001       101,343       107,672       117,124  

Amusement and other revenues

    166,287       142,289       162,062       174,337       144,181       127,316       136,658       144,863  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

    304,913       249,979       280,751       304,148       270,182       228,659       244,330       261,987  

Cost of food and beverage

    36,038       28,387       30,473       32,702       31,174       26,560       27,573       29,639  

Cost of amusement and other

    18,591       16,220       17,978       16,283       16,726       15,581       16,535       16,512  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs of products

    54,629       44,607       48,451       48,985       47,900       42,141       44,108       46,151  

Operating payroll and benefits

    69,114       57,967       64,453       65,190       62,213       55,034       55,203       56,377  

Other store operating expenses

    86,883       82,766       82,529       82,368       72,835       71,888       71,069       71,530  

General and administrative expense

    14,393       13,432       16,762       14,978       14,343       13,506       13,585       13,040  

Depreciation and amortization expense

    28,319       25,672       24,847       23,928       23,197       22,864       21,434       20,810  

Pre-opening costs

    9,120       5,609       4,546       4,471       5,024       4,553       2,932       2,905  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating costs

    262,458       230,053       241,588       239,920       225,512       209,986       208,331       210,813  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

    42,455       19,926       39,163       64,228       44,670       18,673       35,999       51,174  

Interest expense, net

    2,592       2,156       2,063       1,854       1,412       1,578       1,885       2,110  

Loss on debt refinancing

    —         718       —         —         —         —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

    39,863       17,052       37,100       62,374       43,258       17,095       34,114       49,064  

Provision for income taxes

    4,223       4,895       6,744       19,578       15,891       6,340       12,602       17,903  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

  $ 35,640     $ 12,157     $ 30,356     $ 42,796     $ 27,367     $ 10,755     $ 21,512     $ 31,161  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stores open at end of period

    106       101       100       96       92       88       86       84  

Quarterly total revenues as a percentage of annual total revenues

    26.8     21.9     24.6     26.7     26.9     22.7     24.3     26.1

Change in comparable store sales (2)

    (5.9 )%      (1.3 )%      1.1     2.2     3.2     5.9     1.0     3.6

 

(1)  The Company’s quarterly periods have 13 weeks, except for a 53-week year when the fourth quarter has 14 weeks. Our fiscal year ended February 4, 2018 consists of 53 weeks and our fiscal year ended January 29, 2017 consists of 52 weeks.
(2)  Change in comparable store sales during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 has been adjusted to a 13-week basis.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview

We finance our activities through cash flow from operations and availability under our existing credit facility. As of February 4, 2018, we had cash and cash equivalents of $18,795, net working capital deficit of $112,918 and outstanding debt obligations of $367,250. We also had $424,253 in borrowing availability under our existing credit facility.

We currently have, and anticipate that in the future we may continue to have, negative working capital balances. We are able to operate with a working capital deficit because cash from sales is usually received before related liabilities for product, supplies, labor and services become due. Funds available from sales not needed immediately to pay for operating expenses have typically been used for capital expenditures and payment of long-term debt obligations.

 

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Short-term liquidity requirements. We generally consider our short-term liquidity requirements to consist of those items that are expected to be incurred within the next twelve months and believe those requirements to consist primarily of funds necessary to pay operating expenses, interest and principal payments on our debt, capital expenditures related to the new store construction and other expenditures associated with acquiring new games, remodeling facilities and recurring replacement of equipment and improvements.

As of February 4, 2018, we expect our short-term liquidity requirements to include approximately (a) $170,000 to $180,000 of capital additions (net of tenant improvement allowances and other payments from landlords), (b) lease obligation payments of $109,000, (c) estimated cash income tax payments of approximately $24,000, (d) scheduled debt service payments (see “Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments”) and (e) the repurchase of our common stock.

Long-term liquidity requirements. We generally consider our long-term liquidity requirements to consist of those items that are expected to be incurred beyond the next twelve months and believe these requirements consist primarily of funds necessary for new store development and construction, replacement of games and equipment, performance-necessary renovations and other non-recurring capital expenditures that need to be made periodically to our stores, principal and interest payments on our outstanding term loan and scheduled lease obligation payments. We intend to satisfy our long-term liquidity requirements through various sources of capital, including our existing cash on hand, cash provided by operations, and borrowings under the revolving portion of our credit facility.

Our Board of Directors has approved a share repurchase program, under which the Company may repurchase shares on the open market, through privately negotiated transactions, and through trading plans designed to comply with Rule 10b5-1 of the Exchange Act. The share repurchase program may be modified, suspended or discontinued at any time. As of February 4, 2018, the Company has a total share repurchase authorization of $300,000 which expires at the end of fiscal 2018. During fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016, the Company purchased 2,636,616 and 566,756 shares of common stock, respectively, at an average cost of $57.62 and $50.86, respectively. As of February 4, 2018, we have approximately $119,262 of share repurchase authorization remaining under the current plan.

Based on our current business plan, we believe the cash flows from operations, together with our existing cash balances and availability of borrowings under the revolving portion of our credit facility will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for working capital, capital expenditures, debt service needs, and share repurchases in the foreseeable future. Our ability to make scheduled principal and interest payments, or to refinance our indebtedness, or to fund planned capital expenditures and share repurchases, will depend on future performance, which is subject to general economic conditions, competitive environment and other factors, including those described in the “Risk Factors” section of this Report.

Borrowing Capacity

Our existing credit facility provides a $300,000 term loan facility and a $500,000 revolving credit facility and has a maturity date of August 17, 2022. The $500,000 revolving credit facility includes a $35,000 letter of credit sub-facility and a $15,000 swing loan sub-facility. The revolving facility was established to provide financing for general purposes. Principal payments on the term loan facility of $3,750 per quarter are required beginning December 31, 2017 through maturity, when the remaining balance is due. Our credit facility is secured by the assets of Dave & Buster’s, Inc. and is unconditionally guaranteed by Dave & Buster’s Holdings, Inc. and each of its direct and indirect domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries.

As of February 4, 2018, we had outstanding borrowings on our revolving credit facility of $71,000, letters of credit outstanding of $4,747 and $424,253 of borrowing available under our credit facility. The interest rates per annum applicable to loans, other than swing loans, under our credit facility are currently set based on a defined LIBOR rate plus an applicable margin. Swing loans bear interest at a base rate plus an applicable margin. The

 

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loans bear interest subject to a pricing grid based on a total leveraged ratio, at LIBOR plus a spread ranging from 1.25% to 2.00% for the term loans and the revolving loans. The stated weighted average interest rate on our credit facility at February 4, 2018 was 2.82%. The year-to-date weighted average effective interest rate incurred on our borrowings under our credit facility was 3.16%. The weighted average effective rate includes amortization of debt issuance costs, commitment and other fees.

Cash Flows

The following table presents a summary of our net cash provided by (used in) operating, investing and financing activities:

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
February 4, 2018
     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29, 2017
     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31, 2016
 

Net cash provided by (used in):

        

Operating activities

   $ 264,672      $ 231,329      $ 186,983  

Investing activities

     (216,623      (159,485      (161,540

Financing activities

     (49,337      (77,256      (70,824

Fiscal 2017 Compared to Fiscal 2016

Net cash provided by operating activities was $264,672 for fiscal 2017 compared to $231,329 for fiscal 2016. Increased cash flows from operations were driven primarily by increased cash flows from additional non-comparable store sales and additional sales related to the 53rd week in fiscal 2017.

Net cash used in investing activities was $216,623 for fiscal 2017 compared to $159,485 for fiscal 2016. Capital expenditures increased $39,324 to $219,901 (excluding the increase in fixed asset accrued liabilities of $3,420) in fiscal 2017 from $180,577 in fiscal 2016. During fiscal 2017, the Company spent $166,675 ($126,341 net of tenant improvement allowances and other payments from landlords) for new store construction, $19,024 for game refreshment, $17,361 for maintenance capital and $16,841 related to a major remodel project on four existing stores, several smaller scale remodel projects and operating improvement initiatives

Net cash used in financing activities was $49,337 for fiscal 2017 compared to cash used in financing activities of $77,256 for fiscal 2016. Fiscal 2017 included net borrowings of debt of $102,500, offset by repurchases of common stock of approximately $152,000. Fiscal 2016 primarily included net repayments of debt of $73,500 and repurchases of common stock of approximately $28,800.

We plan on financing future growth through existing cash on hand, future operating cash flows, debt facilities and tenant improvement allowances from landlords. We expect to spend between $217,000 to $227,000 ($170,000 to $180,000 net of tenant improvement allowances) on capital additions during fiscal 2018. The fiscal 2018 additions are expected to include approximately $168,000 to $178,000 ($121,000 to $131,000 net of tenant improvement allowances) for new store construction and operating improvement initiatives, $22,000 for game refreshment and $27,000 in maintenance capital. A portion of the 2018 new store spend is related to stores that will be under construction in 2018 but will not be open until 2019.

Fiscal 2016 Compared to Fiscal 2015

Net cash provided by operating activities was $231,329 for fiscal 2016 compared to $186,983 for fiscal 2015. Increased cash flows from operations were driven primarily by increased cash flows from additional non-comparable store sales, increased comparable store sales and improved operating margins.

Net cash used in investing activities was $159,485 for fiscal 2016 compared to $161,540 for fiscal 2015. Capital expenditures increased $17,685 to $180,577 (excluding the increase in fixed asset accrued liabilities of

 

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$11,610) in fiscal 2016 from $162,892 in fiscal 2015. During fiscal 2016, the Company spent $126,727 ($80,465 net of tenant improvement allowances and other payments from landlords) for new store construction, $19,974 related to a major remodel project on six existing stores, several smaller scale remodel projects and operating improvement initiatives, $17,967 for game refreshment and $15,909 for maintenance capital.

Net cash used in financing activities was $77,256 for fiscal 2016 compared to cash used in financing activities of $70,824 for fiscal 2015. The increase in cash used in financing activities during fiscal 2016 was primarily due to repurchases of common stock of $28,825. This increase was partially offset by net repayments of debt of $91,750 during fiscal 2015 compared to net repayments of $73,500 during fiscal 2016.

Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments

The following table sets forth the contractual obligations and commercial commitments as of February 4, 2018:

Payment due by period

 

     Total      1 Year or
Less
     2-3 Years      4-5 Years      After 5
Years
 

Credit Facility (1)

   $ 367,250      $ 15,000      $ 30,000      $ 322,250      $ —    

Interest requirements (2)

     43,254        10,275        19,270        13,709        —    

Operating leases (3)

     1,570,821        109,028        211,098        185,476        1,065,219  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,981,325      $ 134,303      $ 260,368      $ 521,435      $ 1,065,219  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)  The Credit Facility includes a $300,000 term loan facility and $500,000 revolving credit facility. As of February 4, 2018, we had borrowings of $296,250 under the term loan facility and borrowings of $71,000 under the revolving credit facility.
(2)  The cash obligations for interest requirements are based on debt levels in effect on February 4, 2018, adjusted for scheduled principal payments on the term loan facility and using a 2.82% interest rate.
(3)  Our operating leases generally provide for one or more renewal options. These renewal options allow us to extend the term of the lease for a specified time at an established annual lease payment. Future obligations related to lease renewal options that have been exercised or were reasonably assured to be exercised as of the lease origination date, have been included in the table above.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have no material off-balance sheet arrangements.

Critical accounting policies and estimates

The above discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our consolidated financial statements. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 of Notes to Audited Consolidated Financial Statements. Critical accounting policies are those that we believe are most important to portraying our financial condition and results of operations and also require the greatest amount of judgment by management. Judgment or uncertainties regarding the application of these policies may result in materially different amounts being reported under different conditions or using different assumptions. We consider the following policies to be the most critical in understanding the judgment that is involved in preparing the consolidated financial statements.

 

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Accounting for amusement operations. The majority of our amusement revenue is derived from customer purchases of game play credits on Power Cards which allow our customers to play the video and redemption games in our Midways. We have recognized a liability for the estimated amount of unused game play credits, which we believe our customers will utilize in the future based on credits remaining on Power Cards, historic utilization patterns and revenue per game play credit sold. Certain midway games allow customers to earn tickets, which may be redeemed for prizes. The cost of these prizes is included in the cost of amusement products and is generally recorded when tickets are utilized by the customer by redeeming the tickets for a prize in our WIN! area or storing the ticket value on a Power Card for future redemption. We have recorded a liability for the estimated amount of outstanding tickets that will be redeemed in subsequent periods based on tickets outstanding, historic redemption patterns and the estimated redemption cost of products per ticket.

Insurance reserves. We use a combination of insurance and self-insurance mechanisms to provide for potential liabilities for workers’ compensation, healthcare benefits, general liability, property insurance, director and officers’ liability and vehicle liability. Liabilities associated with the risks that are retained by us are estimated, in part, by considering historical claims experience, demographic factors, severity factors and other actuarial assumptions. Portions of the estimated accruals for these liabilities are calculated by third-party actuarial firms. The estimated accruals for these liabilities could be significantly affected if future occurrences and claims differ from these assumptions and historical trends.

Recent accounting pronouncements.

Refer to Note 1 of Notes to Audited Consolidated Financial Statements for information regarding new accounting pronouncements.

 

ITEM 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Commodity Price Risk

We are exposed to market price fluctuation in food and beverage product prices. Given the historical volatility of certain of our food product prices, including proteins, seafood, produce, dairy products, and cooking oil, these fluctuations can materially impact our food costs. While our purchasing commitments partially mitigate the risk of such fluctuations, there is no assurance that supply and demand factors such as disease or inclement weather will not cause the prices of the commodities used in our restaurant operations to fluctuate. In a rapidly-fluctuating commodities market, it may prove difficult for us to adjust our menu prices to respond to any price fluctuations. Therefore, to the extent that we do not pass along cost increases to our customers, our results of operations may be adversely affected. At this time, we do not use financial instruments to hedge our commodity risk.

Interest Rate Risk

We are exposed to interest rate risk arising from changes in interest rates due to the variable rate indebtedness under our credit facility. Borrowings pursuant to our credit facility bear interest at a floating rate based on LIBOR, plus an applicable margin. Accordingly, fluctuations in market interest rates may increase or decrease our interest expense which will, in turn, increase or decrease our net income and cash flow. We estimate the hypothetical 25 basis point increase in one-month LIBOR would increase our annualized interest expense in the next year by approximately $1,000, assuming no change in the balance of the revolving portion of the credit facility.

Inflation

The primary inflationary factors affecting our operations are food, labor costs, and energy costs. Many of our leases require us to pay taxes, maintenance, repairs, insurance and utilities, all of which are generally subject to inflationary increases. Finally, the cost of constructing our stores is subject to inflationary increases in the costs of labor and material.

 

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We have a substantial number of hourly employees who are paid wage rates at or based on the applicable federal, state or city minimum wage and increases in the minimum wage will increase our labor costs. Key states in which we operate, including California and New York, have enacted legislation to increase the minimum wage and/or minimum tipped wage rates by varying amounts. Several other states and local jurisdictions in which we operate have also enacted legislation to increase the minimum wage and/or minimum tipped wage with more planned increases in the future.

In general, we have been able to substantially offset cost increases resulting from inflation by increasing menu prices, improving productivity, or other operating changes. We may or may not be able to offset cost increases in the future.

 

ITEM 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

The consolidated financial statements of the Company and supplementary data are included as pages F-1 through F-21 in this Report.

 

ITEM 9. Changes In and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

None.

 

ITEM 9A. Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Chief Financial Officer (CFO), as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Our management, with the participation of our CEO and CFO, has evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of February 4, 2018. Based upon that evaluation, our CEO and CFO concluded that, as of February 4, 2018, such disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management, including our CEO and CFO, is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP. Our internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of our financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance that unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of company assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements would be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting is not intended to provide absolute assurance that a misstatement of our financial statements would be prevented or detected. In addition, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

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Our management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of February 4, 2018 based on the framework and criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013), issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. This evaluation included reviewing the documentation of controls, evaluating the design effectiveness of controls, testing of the operating effectiveness of controls and concluding on this evaluation. Based on this evaluation, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of February 4, 2018.

Our independent registered public accounting firm, KPMG LLP, audited the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of February 4, 2018, as stated in their report which is included herein.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the fiscal quarter ended February 4, 2018 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

ITEM 9B. Other Information

None.

 

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PART III

 

ITEM 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

The information required by Item 10 is incorporated herein by reference to the sections entitled “Proposal No. 1—Election of Directors”, “Directors and Corporate Governance”, “Executive Officers” and “Executive Compensation” in the Proxy Statement.

 

ITEM 11. Executive Compensation

The information required by Item 11 is incorporated herein by reference to the sections entitled “Proposal No. 1—Election of Directors”, “Directors and Corporate Governance” and “Executive Compensation” in the Proxy Statement.

 

ITEM 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

The information required by Item 12 is incorporated herein by reference to the sections entitled “Executive Compensation” and “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management” in the Proxy Statement.

 

ITEM 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

The information required by Item 13 is incorporated herein by reference to the sections entitled “Directors and Corporate Governance” and “Transactions with Related Persons” in the Proxy Statement.

 

ITEM 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services

The information required by Item 14 is incorporated herein by reference to the section entitled “Proposal No. 2—Ratification of Appointment of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm” in the Proxy Statement.

 

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PART IV

 

ITEM 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

 

  (1) Financial Statements

See Pages F-1 to F-23 of this Report.

 

  (2) Financial Statement Schedules

None.

INDEX OF EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit

Number

  

Description

    3.1    Fourth Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report filed on Form 8-K by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on June 12, 2017 (No. 001-35664))
    3.2    Third Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Current Report filed on Form 8-K by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on June 12, 2017 (No. 001-35664))
    4.1    Form of Stock Certificate (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Amendment 1 to the Form  S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 24, 2014 (No. 333-198641))
  10.1    Form of Employee Agreement by and among Dave & Buster’s Management Corporation, Dave  & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc., and the various executive officers of Dave  & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September  18, 2015 (No. 333-207031))
  10.2    Dave & Buster’s Parent, Inc. 2010 Management Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Form S-4 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s, Inc. on August 11, 2010 (No. 333-168759))
  10.3    Amendment No. 1 to the Dave  & Buster’s Parent, Inc. 2010 Management Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the quarterly report on Form 10-Q filed by Dave & Buster’s, Inc. on June  15, 2011) (No. 001-15007)
  10.4    Amendment No. 2 to the Dave  & Buster’s Parent, Inc. 2010 Management Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.6 to the annual report on Form 10-K filed by Dave & Buster’s, Inc. on April  16, 2013) (No. 001-15007)
  10.5    Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. 2014 Omnibus Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Form S-8 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on October 9, 2014 (No. 333-199239))
  10.6    Form of Nonqualified Stock Option Award Agreement, by and between Dave  & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. and various Directors of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.7 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave  & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 18, 2015 (No. 333-207031))
  10.7    Form of Nonqualified Stock Option Award Agreement, by and between Dave  & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. and various employees of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave  & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 18, 2015 (No. 333-207031))

 

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Exhibit

Number

  

Description

  10.8    Form of Restricted Stock Award Agreement, by and between Dave  & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. and various Directors of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.9 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave  & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 18, 2015 (No. 333-207031))
  10.9    Form of Restricted Stock Unit and Cash Award Agreement, by and between Dave  & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. and various employees of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.10 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave  & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 18, 2015 (No. 333-207031))
  10.10    Dave & Buster’s Select Executive Retirement Plan as amended and restated by Dave  & Buster’s I, L.P., effective January 1, 2005 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.11 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave  & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 8, 2014 (No. 333-198641))
  10.11    Form of Indemnification Agreement for directors, executive officers and key employees (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.12 to the Amendment 1 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 24, 2014 (No. 333-198641))
  10.12    Credit Agreement, dated as of August 17, 2017 by and among Dave & Buster’s Holdings, Inc., Dave  & Buster’s Inc. (“the Borrower”) the direct and indirect Subsidiaries of the Borrower from time to time party thereto, as guarantors, the several financial institutions from time to time party thereto, as lenders, Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, and Wells Fargo, National Association, as syndication agent (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 23,2017)
  21.1*    Subsidiaries of the Registrant
  23.1*    Consent of KPMG LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
  24.1*    Power of Attorney (included on signature page)
  31.1*    Certification of Stephen M. King, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 17 CFR 240.13a-14(a) or 17 CFR 240.15d-14(a).
  31.2*    Certification of Brian A. Jenkins, Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Registrant, pursuant to 17 CFR 240.13a-14(a) or 17 CFR 240.15d-14(a).
  32.1*    Certification of Stephen M. King, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  32.2*    Certification of Brian A. Jenkins, Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Registrant, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section  906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS    XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

* Filed herein

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

   

DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.,

a Delaware Corporation

Date: April 3, 2018     By:   /s/ Brian A. Jenkins
      Brian A. Jenkins
      Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

POWER OF ATTORNEY

KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that each of the undersigned constitutes and appoints each of Stephen M. King and Jay L. Tobin, or either of them, each acting alone, his/her true and lawful attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for such person and in his/her name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this Report, and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, each acting alone, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as he/she might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming that any such attorney-in-fact and agent, or his/her substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, we have signed in our indicated capacities on April 3, 2018.

 

Signature   Title
By:  

/s/ Stephen M. King

  Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer
  Stephen M. King   (Principal Executive Officer)
By:  

/s/ Brian A. Jenkins

  Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
  Brian A. Jenkins   (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
By:  

/s/ Victor L. Crawford

  Director
  Victor L. Crawford  
By:  

/s/ Hamish A. Dodds

  Director
  Hamish A. Dodds  
By:  

/s/ Michael J. Griffith

  Director
  Michael J. Griffith  
By:  

/s/ Jonathan S. Halkyard

  Director
  Jonathan S. Halkyard  
By:  

/s/ Patricia H. Mueller

  Director
  Patricia H. Mueller  
By:  

/s/ Kevin M. Sheehan

  Director
  Kevin M. Sheehan  
By:  

/s/ Jennifer Storms

  Director
  Jennifer Storms  

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors

Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.:

Opinion on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

We have audited Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.’s and subsidiaries’ (the Company) internal control over financial reporting as of February 4, 2018, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of February 4, 2018, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of February 4, 2018 and January 29, 2017, the related consolidated statements of comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the fiscal years ended February 4, 2018, January 29, 2017, and January 31, 2016, and the related notes (collectively, the consolidated financial statements), and our report dated April 3, 2018 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.

Basis for Opinion

The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ KPMG LLP

Dallas, Texas

April 3, 2018

 

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Table of Contents

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors

Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.:

Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of February 4, 2018 and January 29, 2017, the related consolidated statements of comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the fiscal years ended February 4, 2018, January 29, 2017, and January 31, 2016, and the related notes (collectively, the consolidated financial statements). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of February 4, 2018 and January 29, 2017, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the fiscal years ended February 4, 2018, January 29, 2017, and January 31, 2016, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of February 4, 2018, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, and our report dated April 3, 2018 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

Basis for Opinion

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ KPMG LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2010.

Dallas, Texas

April 3, 2018

 

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DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

     February 4,
2018
    January 29,
2017
 
ASSETS     

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 18,795     $ 20,083  

Inventories

     27,560       21,860  

Prepaid expenses

     19,052       15,828  

Income taxes receivable

     4,867       5,901  

Other current assets

     24,633       11,932  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     94,907       75,604  

Property and equipment (net of $474,330 and $387,505 accumulated depreciation as of February 4, 2018 and January 29, 2017, respectively)

     726,455       606,865  

Deferred tax assets

     7,789       2,446  

Tradenames

     79,000       79,000  

Goodwill

     272,566       272,629  

Other assets and deferred charges

     16,313       16,189  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,197,030     $ 1,052,733  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY     

Current liabilities:

    

Current installments of long-term debt

   $ 15,000     $ 7,500  

Accounts payable

     54,627       55,278  

Accrued liabilities

     135,161       112,327  

Income taxes payable

     3,037       2,692  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     207,825       177,797  

Deferred income taxes

     10,213       14,497  

Deferred occupancy costs

     184,994       147,592  

Other liabilities

     21,103       16,767  

Long-term debt, net

     351,249       256,628  

Commitments and contingencies

    

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Common stock, par value $0.01; authorized: 400,000,000 shares; issued: 42,660,806 shares at February 4, 2018 and 42,469,570 shares at January 29, 2017; outstanding: 40,102,085 shares at February 4, 2018 and 42,204,587 shares at January 29, 2017

     427       425  

Preferred stock, 50,000,000 authorized; none issued

     —         —    

Paid-in capital

     320,488       310,230  

Treasury stock, 2,558,721 and 264,983 shares as of February 4, 2018 and January 29, 2017, respectively

     (147,331     (14,817

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (249     (723

Retained earnings

     248,311       144,337  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     421,646       439,452  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,197,030     $ 1,052,733  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
February 4,
2018
     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29,
2017
     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31,
2016
 

Food and beverage revenues

   $ 494,816      $ 452,140      $ 405,841  

Amusement and other revenues

     644,975        553,018        461,141  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     1,139,791        1,005,158        866,982  

Cost of food and beverage

     127,600        114,946        104,757  

Cost of amusement and other

     69,072        65,354        58,053  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cost of products

     196,672        180,300        162,810  

Operating payroll and benefits

     256,724        228,827        200,129  

Other store operating expenses

     334,546        287,322        250,186  

General and administrative expenses

     59,565        54,474        53,600  

Depreciation and amortization expense

     102,766        88,305        78,660  

Pre-opening costs

     23,746        15,414        11,561  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating costs

     974,019        854,642        756,946  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income

     165,772        150,516        110,036  

Interest expense, net

     8,665        6,985        11,464  

Loss on debt retirement

     718        —          6,822  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

     156,389        143,531        91,750  

Provision for income taxes

     35,440        52,736        32,131  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

     120,949        90,795        59,619  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Unrealized foreign currency translation gain (loss)

     474        247        (324
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

   $ 121,423      $ 91,042      $ 59,295  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net Income per share:

        

Basic

   $ 2.93      $ 2.16      $ 1.46  

Diluted

   $ 2.84      $ 2.10      $ 1.39  

Weighted average shares used in per share calculations:

        

Basic

     41,276,314        41,951,770        40,968,455  

Diluted

     42,583,009        43,288,592        42,783,905  

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in thousands, except share amounts)

 

    Common Stock     Paid-In
Capital
    Treasury Stock
At Cost
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (loss)
    Retained
Earnings
    Total  
    Shares     Amt.       Shares     Amt.        

Balance February 1, 2015

    40,217,640     $ 402     $ 253,685       248,412     $ (1,189   $ (646   $ 6,445     $ 258,697  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    —         —         —         —         —         —         59,619       59,619  

Unrealized foreign currency translation loss

    —         —         —         —         —         (324     —         (324

Share-based compensation

      —         4,109       —         —         —         —         4,109  

Issuance of common stock

    1,401,293       14       6,286       —         —         —         —         6,300  

Excess income tax benefit related to share-based compensation plans

        16,834               16,834  

Issuance of treasury stock

    —         —         (86     (248,412     1,189       —         —         1,103  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance January 31, 2016

    41,618,933       416       280,828       —         —         (970     66,064       346,338  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    —         —         —         —         —         —         90,795       90,795  

Unrealized foreign currency translation gain

    —         —         —         —         —         247       —         247  

Share-based compensation

    —         —         5,828       —         —         —         —         5,828  

Issuance of common stock

    850,637       9       4,351       —         —         —         —         4,360  

Excess income tax benefit related to share-based compensation plans

    —         —         19,304       —         —         —         —         19,304  

Repurchase of common stock

          566,756       (28,825         (28,825

Issuance of treasury stock

    —         —         (81     (301,773     14,008       —         (12,522     1,405  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance January 29, 2017

    42,469,570       425       310,230       264,983       (14,817     (723     144,337       439,452  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    —         —         —         —         —         —         120,949       120,949  

Unrealized foreign currency translation gain

    —         —         —         —         —         474       —         474  

Share-based compensation

    —         —         8,916       —         —         —         —         8,916  

Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle

    —         —         —         —         —         —         782       782  

Issuance of common stock

    191,236       2       1,342       —         —         —         —         1,344  

Repurchase of common stock

    —         —         —         2,636,616       (151,913     —         —         (151,913

Issuance of treasury stock

    —         —         —         (342,878     19,399       —         (17,757     1,642  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance February 4, 2018

    42,660,806     $ 427     $ 320,488       2,558,721     $ (147,331   $ (249   $ 248,311     $ 421,646  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
February 4,
2018
    Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29,
2017
    Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31,
2016
 

Cash flows from operating activities:

      

Net income

   $ 120,949     $ 90,795     $ 59,619  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

      

Depreciation and amortization expense

     102,766       88,305       78,660  

Deferred taxes

     (8,845     6,961       7,853  

Excess income tax benefit related to share-based compensation plans

     —         (19,304     (16,834

Loss on debt refinancing

     718       —         6,790  

Loss on disposal of fixed assets

     1,863       1,533       1,411  

Share-based compensation

     8,916       5,828       4,109  

Other, net

     881       1,467       1,135  

Changes in assets and liabilities:

      

Inventories

     (5,700     (2,331     (1,072

Prepaid expenses

     (3,224     (2,874     (2,262

Income tax receivable

     1,034       (1,755     (1,725

Other current assets

     (13,361     6,032       (7,912

Other assets and deferred charges

     (224     487       (4,365

Accounts payable

     (4,071     832       3,391  

Accrued liabilities

     22,394       14,431       13,780  

Income taxes payable

     345       19,299       17,961  

Deferred occupancy costs

     37,702       20,156       25,407  

Other liabilities

     2,529       1,467       1,037  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     264,672       231,329       186,983  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

      

Capital expenditures

     (219,901     (180,577     (162,892

Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions

     —         20,262       —    

Proceeds from sales of property and equipment

     78       30       132  

Collections on notes receivable

     3,200       800       1,220  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (216,623     (159,485     (161,540
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Proceeds from debt

     509,000       97,000       468,000  

Payments of debt

     (406,500     (170,500     (559,750

Debt issuance costs

     (2,910     —         (3,311

Repurchase of common stock

     (151,913     (28,825     —    

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

     1,344       4,360       6,300  

Proceeds from issuance of treasury stock

     1,642       1,405       1,103  

Excess income tax benefit related to share-based compensation plans

     —         19,304       16,834  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (49,337     (77,256     (70,824
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (1,288     (5,412     (45,381

Beginning cash and cash equivalents

     20,083       25,495       70,876  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending cash and cash equivalents

   $ 18,795     $ 20,083     $ 25,495  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

      

Increase in fixed asset accounts payable

   $ 3,420     $ 11,610     $ 4,444  

Cash paid for income taxes, net

   $ 43,072     $ 28,213     $ 8,009  

Cash paid for interest, net

   $ 7,853     $ 6,603     $ 10,718  

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Note 1: Description of the Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Description of the business — Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. (“D&B Entertainment”) is a Delaware corporation formed in June 2010. References to the “Company”, “we”, “us”, and “our” refers to D&B Entertainment, any predecessor companies, and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Dave & Buster’s Holdings, Inc. (“D&B Holdings”), a holding company which owns 100% of the outstanding common stock of Dave & Buster’s, Inc. (“D&B Inc”), the operating company. The Company, headquartered in Dallas, Texas, is a leading operator of high-volume entertainment and dining venues (“stores”) in North America for adults and families under the name “Dave & Buster’s”. The Company operates its business as one operating and one reportable segment. As of February 4, 2018, we owned and operated 106 stores located in 36 states, Puerto Rico and one Canadian province.

Principles of consolidation — The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of D&B Entertainment and its wholly-owned subsidiaries prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). All intercompany accounts and transactions for the periods presented have been eliminated in consolidation.

Fiscal year — The Company’s fiscal year consists of 52 or 53 weeks ending on the Sunday after the Saturday closest to January 31. Fiscal 2017, which ended on February 4, 2018, contained 53 weeks. Fiscal 2016 and 2015, which ended on January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, respectively, each contained 52 weeks. Each quarterly period has 13 weeks, except in a 53-week year when the fourth quarter has 14 weeks.

Use of estimates — The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and costs and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Cash and cash equivalents — We consider transaction settlements in process from credit card companies and all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Our cash management system provides for the funding of all major bank disbursement accounts on a daily basis as checks are presented for payment. Under this system, outstanding checks are in excess of the cash balances at certain banks, which creates book overdrafts. Book overdrafts of $3,416 and $10,065 are presented in “Accounts payable” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of February 4, 2018 and January 29, 2017, respectively. Changes in the book overdraft position are presented within “Net cash provided by operating activities” within the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

Concentration of credit risk Financial instruments which potentially subject us to a concentration of credit risk are cash and cash equivalents. We currently maintain our day-to-day operating cash balances with major financial institutions. Our operating cash balances may be in excess of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insurance limit. Although we may maintain balances that exceed the FDIC insured limit, we have not experienced any losses related to this balance, and we believe credit risk to be minimal.

Inventories — Inventories consist of food, beverages, merchandise and other supplies and are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or net realizable value. We record inventory reserves for obsolete and slow-moving inventory.

Other current assets — Other current assets includes receivables for tenant improvement allowances of $14,941 and $7,021 as of February 4, 2018 and January 29, 2017, respectively, primarily related to our new store

 

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openings. We consider the concentration of credit risk for tenant improvement allowance receivables from landlords to be minimal due to the payment histories and general financial condition of our landlords.

Property and equipment — Property and equipment are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is charged to operations using the straight-line method over the assets’ estimated useful lives, which are as follows:

 

     Estimated Depreciable Lives
(In Years)

Building and building improvements

   Shorter of 40 or expected
ground lease term

Leasehold improvements

   Shorter of 20 or
expected lease term

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

   3-10

Games

   5-20

Expenditures that substantially increase the useful lives of the property and equipment are capitalized, whereas costs incurred to maintain the appearance and functionality of such assets are charged to repair and maintenance expense. Gains and losses related to store property and equipment disposals are recorded in “Other store operating expenses” in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

We evaluate our property and equipment annually or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change that would indicate that the carrying values of these long-lived assets may not be recoverable. In determining the recoverability of the asset value, an analysis is performed at the individual store level, since this is the lowest level of identifiable cash flows and primarily includes an assessment of historical cash flows and other relevant factors and circumstances, including the maturity of the store, changes in the economic environment, unfavorable changes in legal factors or business climate and future operating plans. If the carrying amount is non recoverable, we record an impairment charge, if any, for the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value, which is estimated based on discounted projected future operating cash flows of the store over the remaining service life using a risk adjusted discount rate that is commensurate with the inherent risk. No impairment charges were recognized in fiscal 2017, 2016 or 2015.

Goodwill and tradenames — The carrying amount of goodwill is impacted by foreign currency translation adjustments. During fiscal 2017 goodwill was reduced by $63 as a result of the foreign currency translation adjustment while during fiscal 2016 it was reduced by $65. Goodwill and tradenames which have an indefinite useful life, are not subject to amortization, and are evaluated for impairment annually or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change that would indicate that impairment may exist. Goodwill and tradenames are evaluated at year end at the level of the Company’s single operating segment, which also represents the Company’s only reporting unit.

When evaluating goodwill and tradenames for impairment, the Company first performs a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that its reporting unit or tradenames are impaired. For fiscal year 2017, 2016 and 2015, there was no impairment to our goodwill or tradenames.

Other intangible assets — Definite lived intangible assets include our trademarks and customer relationships which had cost basis of $8,500 and $1,700, respectively. We recorded amortization expense associated with these assets of $588, $1,399 and $1,399 in fiscal 2017, fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively. As of February 4, 2018, the net unamortized balances of our trademarks and customer relationship assets were $0 and $250, respectively. The costs of purchasing transferable liquor licenses through open markets in jurisdictions with a limited number of authorized liquor licenses are capitalized as indefinite-lived intangible assets, and are tested for impairment annually by comparing the estimated fair value of each asset with its carrying amount. The balance of transferable liquor licenses was $3,398 and $2,599 at the end of fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016, respectively. Other intangible assets, net of any applicable accumulated amortization, are included in “Other assets and deferred charges” on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

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Debt issuance costs — The Company capitalizes certain costs incurred in connection with borrowings or establishment of credit facilities, and these costs are amortized as interest expense over the life of the borrowing or life of the related debt facility. In the case of early debt principal repayments, the Company adjusts the value of the corresponding deferred financing costs with a charge to interest expense, and similarly adjusts the future amortization expense. Debt issuance costs on the revolving portion of our credit facility of $2,597 and $1,524 at the end of fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016, respectively, are included in “Other assets and deferred charges” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Debt issuance costs on the term loan portion of our credit facility are reported as a direct reduction from the carrying amount of our debt. (refer to Note 5: Debt)

Notes receivable — Notes receivable typically relate to amounts contractually due from landlords that are collected over a portion of the lease term. Amounts expected to be collected within a year are included in “Other current assets” and the balance is included in “Other assets and deferred charges” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. During fiscal 2017, $3,200 of notes receivable, plus interest through the payment date, was collected in advance from a landlord.

Fair value of financial instruments — Fair value is defined as the price we would receive to sell an asset or pay to transfer a liability (exit price) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In determining fair value, the accounting standards establish a three-level hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: Level One inputs are quoted prices available for identical assets and liabilities in active markets; Level Two inputs are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, including quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data; and Level Three inputs are less observable and reflect our own assumptions.

Our financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, accounts payable, and our credit facility. The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable and accounts payable approximates fair value because of their short maturities. We believe that the carrying amount of our credit facility approximates its fair value because the interest rates are adjusted regularly based on current market conditions. The fair value of the Company’s credit facility was determined to be a Level Two instrument as defined by GAAP.

Revenue recognition — Food and beverages revenues are recorded at the point of service. Amusement revenues consist primarily of game play credits on Power Cards purchased and used by customers to activate most of the video and redemption games in our midway. Amusement revenues are primarily recognized upon utilization of these game play credits. We have recognized a liability for the estimated amount of unused game play credits which we believe our customers will utilize in the future based on credits remaining on Power Cards, historic utilization patterns and revenue per game play credit sold. Certain of our promotional programs include multiple element arrangements that incorporate both delivered and undelivered components. We allocate revenue using the relative selling price of each deliverable and recognize it upon delivery of each component. Revenues are presented net of sales taxes. Sales tax collected is included in “Accrued liabilities” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets until the taxes are remitted to the appropriate taxing authorities.

Proceeds from the sale of gift cards are deferred and recognized as revenue when the holder redeems the card or its likelihood of redemption, based on historical redemption patterns and considering our gift cards have no expiration dates or dormancy fees, becomes remote (gift card breakage), and the Company determines that there is not a legal obligation to remit the unredeemed gift card balance to the relevant jurisdictions. The determination of the gift card breakage rate is based upon the Company’s specific historical redemption patterns and the Company recognizes gift card breakage by applying its estimate of the rate of gift card breakage over the period of estimated redemption. The liability for unredeemed gift cards is included in “Accrued liabilities” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Amusements costs of products — Certain midway games allow customers to earn tickets, which may be redeemed for prizes. The cost of these prizes is included in the cost of amusement products and is generally

 

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recorded when tickets are utilized by the customer by redeeming the tickets for a prize in our WIN! area. Customers may also store the ticket value on a Power Card for future redemption. We have recorded a liability for the estimated amount of outstanding tickets that we believe will be redeemed in subsequent periods based on tickets outstanding, historic redemption patterns and the estimated redemption cost of products per ticket.

Advertising costs — Advertising production costs are expensed in the period when the advertising first takes place. Other advertising costs are expensed as incurred. Advertising costs expensed were $37,876, $33,795, and $29,970 in fiscal 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Advertising costs are included in “Other store operating expenses” in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

Leases — We currently lease the building or site of all but one of our stores under operating leases. The Company’s lease agreements generally contain rent holidays and/or escalating rent clauses. The Company recognizes minimum rent expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term, which includes reasonably assured renewal periods. The lease term begins when the Company has the right to control the use of the property, which is typically before rent payments are due under the lease agreement. The difference between the rent expense and rent paid is recorded as deferred rent within “Accrued liabilities” or “Deferred occupancy costs” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Tenant improvement allowances are also recorded in “Accrued liabilities or “Deferred occupancy costs” and amortized as reductions of lease rent expense ratably over the lease term.

The fair values of acquired lease contracts having contractual rents higher than fair market rents (unfavorable leases) or lower than fair market rents (favorable leases) are amortized on a straight-line basis over the remaining initial lease term. The current and non-current portions of unfavorable leases are included in “Accrued liabilities” and “Deferred occupancy costs”, respectively, in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The current and non-current portions of favorable leases are included in “Other current assets” and “Other assets and deferred charges”, respectively, in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Additionally, certain of our lease agreements contain clauses that provide for additional contingent rent based on a percentage of sales greater than certain specified target amounts. We recognize contingent rent expense provided the achievement of that target is considered probable.

Self-insurance programs — We are self-insured for certain losses related to workers’ compensation claims, general liability matters and our Company-sponsored employee health insurance programs. To limit our exposure to losses, we maintain stop-loss coverage through third-party insurers. We estimate the accrued liabilities for our self-insurance programs using historical claims experience and loss reserves, assisted by independent third-party actuaries. The estimated cost to settle reported claims and incurred but unreported claims is included in “Accrued liabilities” and “Other liabilities” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Pre-opening costsPre-opening costs include costs associated with the opening and organizing of new stores, including the cost of feasibility studies, pre-opening rent, training, relocation, recruiting and travel costs for employees engaged in such pre-opening activities. All pre-opening costs are expensed as incurred.

Share-based compensation — The Company maintains an equity incentive plan under which it may grant awards denominated in the Company’s common stock or units of the Company’s common stock, as well as cash variable compensation awards. The Company’s long-term incentive compensation provides awards to executive and management personnel as well as directors. Refer to Note 8: Share-Based Compensation for further discussion.

Income taxes — Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the balance sheet carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Any effects of changes in income tax rates or law changes are included in the provision for income taxes in the period

 

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enacted. A valuation allowance is recorded to reduce the carrying amounts of deferred tax assets if we determine that it is more likely than not that such assets will not be realized. The Company recognizes the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position.

The calculation of tax liabilities involves judgment and evaluation of uncertainties in the interpretation of federal and state tax regulations. As a result, we have established accruals for taxes that may become payable in future years as a result of audits by tax authorities. Tax accruals are reviewed regularly pursuant to accounting guidance for uncertainty in income taxes. Tax accruals are adjusted as events occur that affect the potential liability for taxes such as the expiration of statutes of limitations, conclusion of tax audits, identification of additional exposure based on current calculations, identification of new issues, or the issuance of statutory or administrative guidance or rendering of a court decision affecting a particular issue. Accordingly, we may experience significant changes in tax accruals in the future, if or when such events occur.

Share repurchase program — Our Board of Directors has approved a share repurchase program, under which the Company may repurchase shares on the open market, through privately negotiated transactions, and through trading plans designed to comply with Rule 10b5-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The share repurchase program may be modified, suspended or discontinued at any time. As of February 4, 2018, the Company has a total share repurchase authorization of $300,000 which expires at the end of fiscal 2018. During fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016, the Company purchased 2,636,616 and 566,756 shares of common stock, respectively, at an average cost of $57.62 and $50.86, respectively. As of February 4, 2018, we have approximately $119,262 of share repurchase authorization remaining under the current plan.

Foreign currency — Foreign currency translation adjustments represent the unrealized impact of translating the financial statements of our Canadian stores from their respective functional currency (Canadian dollars) to U.S. dollars and are reported as a component of comprehensive income and recorded in “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. Gains and losses from foreign currency transactions are recognized in “Other store operating expenses” in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

Recent accounting pronouncements In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-04, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350), which eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill if the fair value of a reporting unit is less than the carrying amount of the reporting unit. Instead, if the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss will be recognized in an amount equal to that excess, limited to the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The guidance is effective for goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and should be applied on a prospective basis. The Company does not expect the adoption will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements when we perform future annual impairment tests.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230), which addresses eight specific cash flow issues and is intended to reduce diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (Topic 718), which simplifies several aspects of the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions, including the accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, as well as classification in the statement of cash flows. In the first quarter of fiscal 2017, the Company prospectively adopted the amendments in this guidance that relate to the classification of excess tax benefits or tax benefit deficiencies from share-based payment arrangements in the statement of cash flows and income statement. The ASU’s income tax aspects also impact the calculation of diluted earnings per share by excluding excess tax benefits from the calculation of

 

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assumed proceeds available to repurchase shares under the treasury-stock method. As a result of the adoption in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we recorded an adjustment to retained earnings of $782 to recognize deferred tax assets related to certain state net operating loss carryforwards attributable to excess tax benefits in stock compensation that had not been previously recognized in additional paid in capital. During fiscal 2017, excess tax benefits of $11,491 were recognized as a benefit in the “Provision for Income Taxes” in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income and classified as a source in operating activities in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory (Topic 330), which requires inventory within the scope of this standard to be measured at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Previous guidance required inventory to be measured at the lower of cost or market. The Company adopted this standard prospectively, in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, and our adoption of this guidance had no impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), subsequently amended by various standard updates. This guidance replaces the existing accounting standards for revenue recognition with a single comprehensive five-step model, eliminating industry-specific accounting rules. The core principle is to recognize revenue upon the transfer of control of goods or services to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration expected to be received. The new guidance, including the amendments, is effective at the beginning of the Company’s 2018 fiscal year. We have reviewed our significant revenue streams to identify potential required changes to our revenue recognition policies, and we do not expect the implementation of the new guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements upon adoption. The Company will adopt the standard using the modified retrospective method.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The new guidance requires the recognition of lease liabilities, representing future minimum lease payments, on a discounted basis, and a corresponding right-of-use assets on the balance sheet for most leases, along with requirements for enhanced disclosures to give financial statement users the ability to assess the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leasing arrangements. As of February 4, 2018, the Company had approximately $1,571,000 in undiscounted future minimum lease commitments. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018 (our fiscal year 2019), using a modified retrospective approach, with optional practical expedients. The Company plans to adopt this guidance beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2019, although early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of the updated guidance on our consolidated financial statements, and we expect the adoption of this guidance will result in a material increase in the assets and liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheets and will likely have an insignificant impact on our Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

Note 2: Inventories

Inventories consist of the following for the fiscal years ended:

 

     February 4,
2018
     January 29,
2017
 

Operating store—food and beverage

   $ 6,977      $ 5,784  

Operating store—amusement

     8,964        7,772  

Corporate warehouse—amusement, supplies and other

     11,619        8,304  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 27,560      $ 21,860  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Amusement inventory includes electronics, plush toys and small novelty and other items used as redemption prizes for certain midway games, as well as supplies needed for midway operations.

 

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Note 3: Property and Equipment

Property and equipment consist of the following for the fiscal years ended:

 

     February 4,
2018
     January 29,
2017
 

Land

   $ 3,608      $ 3,608  

Buildings and building improvements

     25,222        16,215  

Leasehold improvements

     597,649        512,806  

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

     287,418        236,453  

Games

     204,593        171,714  

Construction in progress

     82,295        53,574  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cost

     1,200,785        994,370  

Accumulated depreciation

     (474,330      (387,505
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

   $ 726,455      $ 606,865  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property and equipment (excluding land) are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the assets or lease term if shorter. Depreciation expense totaled $102,178 for fiscal 2017, $86,906 for fiscal 2016 and $77,261 for fiscal 2015. Interest costs capitalized during the construction of facilities were $786 for fiscal 2017, $462 for fiscal 2016 and $559 for fiscal 2015.

During fiscal 2016, we purchased land in Tampa, Florida in the amount of $3,608, for a store, which opened on October 30, 2017. Additionally during fiscal 2016, we completed sale-leaseback transactions under which we sold the land and buildings of two of our stores to an unrelated party. Net proceeds from the sales were $20,262. In connection with the dispositions, we entered into two long-term leases. The leases are classified as operating leases and the gains of $126 realized on the sales have been deferred and will be amortized over the initial lease term of twenty years.

Note 4: Accrued Liabilities

Accrued liabilities consist of the following as of the fiscal years ended:

 

     February 4,
2018
     January 29,
2017
 

Deferred amusement revenue

   $ 33,806      $ 28,305  

Compensation and benefits

     19,959        20,886  

Amusement redemption liability

     18,041        15,431  

Rent

     16,478        14,260  

Deferred gift card revenue

     7,583        6,957  

Property taxes

     6,054        4,650  

Sales and use taxes

     5,191        3,872  

Current portion of long term insurance

     4,600        4,460  

Inventory liabilities

     4,336        2,659  

Utilities

     3,554        2,969  

Customer deposits

     3,250        3,003  

Other (Refer to Note 10)

     12,309        4,875  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total accrued liabilities

   $ 135,161      $ 112,327  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Note 5: Debt

Long-term debt consists of the following as of the fiscal years ended:

 

     February 4,
2018
     January 29,
2017
 

Credit Facility—term

   $ 296,250      $ 138,750  

Credit Facility—revolver

     71,000        126,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total debt outstanding

     367,250        264,750  

Less current installments—term

     (15,000      (7,500

Less debt issuance costs—term

     (1,001      (622
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Long-term debt, net

   $ 351,249      $ 256,628  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

On August 17, 2017, we entered into a senior secured credit facility that provides a $300,000 term loan facility and a $500,000 revolving credit facility with a maturity date of August 17, 2022. The $500,000 revolving credit facility includes a $35,000 letter of credit sub-facility and a $15,000 swing loan sub-facility. The revolving credit facility is available to provide financing for general purposes. Principal payments on the term loan facility of $3,750 per quarter are required beginning December 31, 2017 through maturity, when the remaining balance is due. Our current credit facility is secured by the assets of D&B Inc and is unconditionally guaranteed by D&B Holdings and each of its direct and indirect domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries. As of February 4, 2018, we had letters of credit outstanding of $4,747 and $424,253 of borrowing available under our credit facility.

The majority of the proceeds of this senior secured credit facility were used to refinance in full the May 15, 2015 credit facility (of which $291,000 was outstanding) and to pay related interest and expenses. In connection with the new credit facility we incurred debt costs of $2,910, of which $397 was expensed as a loss on debt refinancing, and the remaining debt costs are being amortized over the life of the credit facility. The total loss on debt refinancing during fiscal 2017, including the write off of a portion of unamortized debt costs, was $718.

The interest rates per annum applicable to loans, other than swing loans, under our existing credit facility are currently set based on a defined LIBOR rate plus an applicable margin. Swing loans bear interest at a base rate plus an applicable margin. The loans bear interest subject to a pricing grid based on a total leverage ratio, at LIBOR plus a spread ranging from 1.25% to 2.00% for the term loans and the revolving loans. The stated weighted average interest rate at February 4, 2018 was 2.82%. The year-to-date weighted average effective interest rate was 3.16%. The weighted average effective rate includes amortization of debt issuance costs, commitment and other fees.

Our credit facility contains restrictive covenants that, among other things, place certain limitations on our ability to: incur additional indebtedness, make loans or advances to subsidiaries and other entities, pay dividends, acquire other businesses or sell assets. In addition, our credit facility requires us to maintain certain financial ratio covenants. As of February 4, 2018, we were in compliance with our restrictive and financial ratio covenants.

Future debt obligations — Below is our future debt principal payment obligations as of February 4, 2018 by fiscal year:

 

2018

   $ 15,000  

2019

     15,000  

2020

     15,000  

2021

     15,000  

2022

     307,250  

Thereafter

     —    
  

 

 

 

Total future payments

   $ 367,250  
  

 

 

 

 

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Interest expense, net — The following tables set forth our recorded interest expense, net for the fiscal years ended:

 

     February 4,
2018
     January 29,
2017
     January 31,
2016
 

Interest expense on credit facilities

   $ 8,697      $ 6,896      $ 11,482  

Amortization of issuance cost and discount

     739        674        867  

Interest income

     (224      (271      (308

Capitalized interest

     (786      (462      (559

Gain on early collection of note receivable

     —          —          (493

Change in fair value of interest rate cap

     239        148        475  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest expense, net

   $ 8,665      $ 6,985      $ 11,464  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 6: Income Taxes

On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”). The Tax Act contains significant changes to corporate taxation, including a reduction of the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, creating a territorial tax system, allowing for immediate expensing of certain qualified property, modifying or repealing many business deductions and credits, implementing a deemed repatriation transition tax, and providing other incentives. In response to the Tax Act, on December 22, 2017, the SEC staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) to provide guidance for companies that are not able to complete their accounting for the income tax effects of the Tax Act in the period of enactment and provides a measurement period that should not extend beyond one year from the Tax Act enactment date for companies to complete the accounting under ASC 740. In accordance with SAB 118, to the extent that a company’s accounting for certain income tax effects of the Tax Act is incomplete, but the company is able to determine a reasonable estimate, the company must record a provisional estimate. If a company cannot determine a provisional estimate, it should continue to apply ASC 740 on the basis of the provisions of the tax laws that were in effect immediately before the enactment of the Tax Act.

Our accounting for the following elements of the Tax Act is incomplete; however, we were able to make reasonable estimates of certain effects and therefore, recorded provisional adjustments as follows:

 

    The Tax Act reduced the corporate tax rate to 21%, and we recorded a provisional tax benefit of $8,076 related to the re-measurement of certain deferred tax assets and liabilities, based on a reasonable estimate of the impact of the reduction in the corporate tax rate on our net federal deferred tax liabilities as of December 22, 2017. While we are able to make a reasonable estimate of the impact of the reduction in the corporate tax rate, our net federal deferred tax liabilities may be affected by other analyses related to the Tax Act.

 

    We currently plan to utilize an election for the 2017 tax year to apply 100% bonus depreciation for eligible property placed in service after September 27, 2017. This amount is presented as provisional while we continue to review the impact of 100% bonus depreciation.

 

    We were able to make reasonable estimates of the impact on our tax provision from the changes to deductions for executive compensation for the year ended December 31, 2017. This amount is presented as provisional while we continue to gather additional information to determine the final impact of these changes.

We will finalize our analysis of the income tax effect of the Tax Act by the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018. The final impact of the Tax Act may differ from these current provisional amounts, due to, among other things, changes in our interpretations and assumptions of the Tax Act, and further regulatory guidance that may be issued by the applicable tax authorities. As a result, we will continue to gather additional information to determine the final impact of these changes.

 

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We have evaluated the impact of the deemed repatriation of deferred foreign income and the associated foreign tax credit under the relevant provision of the Tax Act. The deferred foreign income was earned by our Canadian subsidiary, which owns only two stores, one of which was opened in late 2016. The net impact is immaterial.

Additionally, due to the complexity of the new tax laws around global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”), we continue to evaluate how the income tax provision will be accounted for under ASC 740, wherein companies are allowed to make an accounting policy election of either (1) account for GILTI as a component of tax expense in the period in which the company is subject to the rules (the “period cost method”), or (ii) account for GILTI in the company’s measurement of deferred taxes (the “deferred method”). Currently, we have not elected a method and will only do so after we complete our analysis of the GILTI provisions.

Our federal statutory rate for fiscal 2017 is 33.7%. This blended rate is calculated based on the number of days in the fiscal year before and after the effective date of the Tax Act.

The following table sets forth our provision for income taxes for the fiscal years ended:

 

     February 4,
2018
     January 29,
2017
     January 31,
2016
 

Current provision:

        

Federal

   $ 35,195      $ 35,596      $ 18,342  

State and local

     9,112        10,107        5,810  

Foreign

     (22      72        126  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current provision

     44,285        45,775        24,278  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Deferred provision (benefit):

        

Federal

     (5,697      7,318        8,384  

State and local

     (2,885      (287      (623

Foreign

     (263      (70      92  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total deferred provision (benefit)

     (8,845      6,961        7,853  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Provision for income taxes

   $ 35,440      $ 52,736      $ 32,131  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The following tables set forth the significant components of our deferred assets and liabilities as of the fiscal years ended:

 

     February 4,
2018
     January 29,
2017
 

Deferred tax assets:

     

Deferred revenue and redemption ticket liability

   $ 14,994      $ 18,318  

Leasing transactions

     12,891        13,735  

Accrued liabilities

     4,631        3,990  

Workers compensation and general liability insurance

     3,386        4,698  

Share-based compensation

     5,289        5,284  

Net operating loss carryovers

     3,715        2,040  

Indirect benefit of unrecognized tax benefits

     398        563  

Other

     2,626        3,108  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     47,930        51,736  

Valuation allowance

     (402      (821
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowance

     47,528        50,915  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Deferred tax liabilities:

     

Trademark/tradename

     (21,413      (31,545

Property and equipment

     (25,797      (30,956

Other

     (2,742      (465
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total deferred tax liabilities

     (49,952      (62,966
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net deferred tax liabilities

   $ (2,424    $ (12,051
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Reported as:

     

Deferred tax assets, net—noncurrent

     7,789        2,446  

Deferred tax liablities, net—noncurrent

     (10,213      (14,497
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net deferred tax liabilities

   $ (2,424    $ (12,051
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

At February 4, 2018, we had a valuation allowance of $402 against our deferred tax assets. The ultimate realization of our deferred tax assets is dependent on the generation of future taxable income in the jurisdiction and during periods in which temporary differences become deductible. In assessing the realizability of our deferred tax assets, we considered whether it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Based on the level of recent historical taxable income, consistent generation of annual taxable income, and estimations of future taxable income, we have concluded that it is more likely than not that we will realize the federal tax benefits associated with most of our deferred tax assets. We assessed the realizability of the deferred tax assets associated with state taxes, foreign taxes and uncertain tax positions and have concluded that it is more likely than not that we will realize only a portion of these benefits. Accordingly, we have established a valuation allowance to reduce those deferred tax assets to an amount which we believe will ultimately be realized.

As of February 4, 2018, we have $61,231 of state net operating loss carryforwards. Generally, state net operating losses can be carried forward 20 years. State net operating loss carryforwards begin to expire in 2018.

 

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The following table sets forth the change in unrecognized tax benefits excluding interest, penalties and related income tax benefits for the fiscal years ended:

 

    February 4, 2018     January 29, 2017     January 31, 2016  

Balance at beginning of year

  $ 1,348     $ 1,263     $ 566  

Additions for tax positions of current year

    290       240       711  

Reductions for tax positions of prior years

    (31     (76     —    

Lapse of statute of limitations

    (39     (79     (14
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of year

  $ 1,568     $ 1,348     $ 1,263  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of February 4, 2018 and January 29, 2017, the accrued interest and penalties on the unrecognized tax benefits were $360 and $355, respectively, excluding any related income tax benefits. The Company recorded accrued interest related to the unrecognized tax benefits and penalties as a component of the provision for income taxes recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

We currently anticipate that approximately $106 of unrecognized tax benefits will be settled through federal and state audits or will be recognized as a result of the expiration of statute of limitations during fiscal 2018. Future recognition of potential interest or penalties, if any, will be recorded as a component of our income tax provision. Because of the impact of deferred tax accounting, $1,530 of unrecognized tax benefits, if recognized, would affect the effective tax rate.

The following table sets forth the reconciliation of the federal statutory rate to the effective income tax rate for the fiscal years ended:

 

    February 4, 2018     January 29, 2017     January 31, 2016  

Federal corporate statutory rate

    33.7     35.0     35.0

State and local income taxes, net of federal income tax benefit

    3.8     4.4     2.8

Foreign taxes

    (0.2 )%      —       (0.1 )% 

Nondeductible expenses

    1.4     1.5     1.7

Tax credits

    (4.0 )%      (4.1 )%      (5.4 )% 

Valuation allowance

    (0.3 )%      (0.1 )%      0.1

Tax contingency reserves

    0.1     —       0.8

Share-based compensation

    (7.3 )%      —       —  

Impacts related to the Tax Act

    (5.1 )%      —       —  

Other

    0.6     —       0.1
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effective tax rate

    22.7     36.7     35.0
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

We file consolidated income tax returns with all our domestic subsidiaries, which are periodically audited by various federal, state and foreign jurisdictions. We are currently under federal audit by the Internal Revenue Service for fiscal 2015. We are generally no longer subject to federal, state, or foreign income tax examinations for years prior to 2013.

Note 7: Leases

We lease certain property and equipment under various non-cancelable operating leases. Some of the leases include options for renewal or extension on various terms. Most of the leases require us to pay property taxes, insurance and maintenance of the leased assets. Certain leases also have provisions for additional contingent rentals based on revenues. Store rent expense is included in “Other store operating expenses” or “Pre-opening costs” accordingly, and rent expense related to our corporate offices is included in “General and administrative expenses” in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. For fiscal 2017, rent expense for operating

 

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Table of Contents

leases was $96,814, including contingent rentals of $3,427. For fiscal 2016, rent expense for operating leases was $77,964, including contingent rentals of $4,263. For fiscal 2015, rent expense for operating leases was $67,537, including contingent rentals of $4,580. At February 4, 2018, future minimum lease payments, including any periods covered by renewal options we are reasonably assured of exercising are:

 

2018

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

Thereafter

 

Total

$108,638

  $108,381   $102,240   $96,190   $89,227   $1,065,219   $1,569,895

At February 4, 2018, we also had lease commitments on equipment as follows:

 

2018

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

Thereafter

 

Total

$390

  $285   $192   $39   $20   $—     $926

As of February 4, 2018, we have signed operating lease agreements for eleven future sites which are expected to open in fiscal 2018. The landlords have fulfilled the obligations to commit us to the lease terms under these agreements and therefore, the future obligations related to these locations are included in the table above.

As of February 4, 2018, we have signed nineteen additional lease agreements for future sites. Our commitments under these agreements are contingent, upon among other things, the landlord’s delivery of access to the premises for construction. Future obligations related to these agreements are not included in the table above.

Note 8: Share-Based Compensation

Prior to October 2014, we issued share-based awards under our 2010 Stock Incentive Plan. Outstanding grants under this plan include fully vested performance-based options and time-based options which vest over a five-year period from the grant date. Share-based awards granted after October 2014 and beyond were issued pursuant to the terms of our 2014 Stock Incentive Plan. We may grant stock options, restricted stock or restricted stock units (“RSU’s”) to executive and management personnel as well as directors. The maximum number of shares of common stock issuable under the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan is 3,100,000 shares. Time-based options granted to employees generally become exercisable ratably over a three-year period from the grant date. Certain time-based options granted to executives at the IPO date vest 50% after a period of three years and 50% after a period of four years. Performance-based RSU’s awarded to employees fully vest after three years, subject to the achievement of performance conditions. Time-based RSU’s have various service periods not exceeding five years.

Options granted under both plans terminate on the ten-year anniversary of the grants. Stock option awards generally provide continued vesting, in the event of termination, for employees that reach age 60 or greater and have at least ten years of service or for employees that reach age 65. Unvested stock options, restricted stock and RSU’s are generally forfeited by employees who terminate prior to vesting.

Each share granted subject to a stock option award or time-based RSU award reduces the number of shares available under our stock incentive plans by one share. Each share granted subject to a performance RSU award reduces the number of shares available under our stock incentive plans by a range of one share if the target performance is achieved, up to a maximum of two shares for performance above target and a minimum of no shares if performance is below a minimum threshold target.

Compensation expense associated with share-based equity awards granted has been calculated as required by current accounting standards related to stock compensation. The valuation of our stock option awards has been determined using the Black-Scholes option valuation model. The Black-Scholes option valuation model uses assumptions of expected volatility, the expected dividend yield of our stock, the expected term of the awards and the risk-free interest rate, as well as an estimated fair value of our common stock. For all stock options

 

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Table of Contents

granted subsequent to our IPO, we have obtained fair value valuation analyses prepared by an independent third-party valuation firm, and the analyses utilized the market-determined share price. Since our stock had not been publicly traded prior to our IPO, the expected volatility was based on an average of the historical volatility of certain of our competitors’ stocks over the expected term of the share-based awards with the calculation placing more weight on company-specific volatilities each year thereafter. The dividend yield assumption was based on our history. The expected term of share-based awards represented the weighted-average period the share-based award was expected to remain outstanding. The risk-free interest rate was based on the implied yield on U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issues with a remaining term equivalent to the expected term.

The significant assumptions used in determining the underlying fair value of the weighted-average options granted in fiscal 2017, 2016 and 2015 were as follows:

 

     2014 Stock Incentive Plan  
     Fiscal 2017     Fiscal 2016     Fiscal 2015  

Volatility

     32.9     34.0     37.0

Risk free interest rate

     2.00     1.29     1.56

Expected dividend yield

     0.00     0.00     0.00

Expected term – in years

     6.0       5.9       5.9  

Weighted average calculated value

   $ 20.54     $ 13.62     $ 12.01  

Compensation expense related to stock options with only service conditions (time-based) is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for each separately vesting portion of the award or to the date on which retirement eligibility is achieved, if shorter. Compensation expense related to stock option plans was $4,875, $3,483 and $2,964 during the fiscal year ended February 4, 2018, January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, respectively.

Compensation expense for RSU’s and restricted shares is based on the market price of the shares underlying the awards on the grant date. Compensation expense for RSU’s based on performance reflects the estimated probability that performance conditions at target or above will be met, and time-based RSU’s and restricted shares are expensed ratably over the service period. We recorded compensation expense related to our RSU’s and restricted shares awards of $4,041, $2,345 and $1,145 during the fiscal year ended February 4, 2018, January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, respectively.

Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and adjusted, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. The forfeiture rate is based on historical experience.

Transactions related to stock option awards during fiscal 2017 were as follows:

 

     2014 Stock Incentive Plan      2010 Stock Incentive Plan  
     Number
of Options
    Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
     Number
of Options
    Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 

Outstanding at January 29, 2017

     833,499     $ 26.93        1,225,053     $ 5.35  

Granted

     190,379       57.74        —         —    

Exercised

     (17,287     34.71        (515,074     4.63  

Forfeited

     (5,188     46.44        —         —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Outstanding at February 4, 2018

     1,001,403       32.55        709,979       5.88  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Exercisable at February 4, 2018

     420,465     $ 26.46        664,453     $ 5.68  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The total intrinsic value of options exercised during fiscal 2017, fiscal 2016 and 2015 was $30,844, $50,403 and $45,090, respectively. The unrecognized expense related to our stock option plan totaled approximately

 

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$1,781 as of February 4, 2018 and will be expensed over a weighted average 1.6 years. For options outstanding at February 4, 2018, the weighted average remaining contractual life was 6.0 years and the aggregate intrinsic value was $44,900. For options exercisable at February 4, 2018, the weighted average remaining contractual life was 4.9 years and the aggregate intrinsic value was $36,800.

Transactions related to time-based and performance-based RSU’s and restricted stock during fiscal 2017 were as follows:

 

     Shares      Weighted
Avg

Fair Value
 

Outstanding at January 29, 2017

     128,088      $ 37.19  

Granted

     70,357        58.78  

Vested

     (10,485      40.68  

Forfeited

     (3,419      51.71  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Outstanding at February 4, 2018

     184,541      $ 44.96  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fair value of our time-based and performance-based RSU’s and restricted stock is based on our closing stock price on the date of grant. The weighted average fair value for RSU’s and restricted stock issued during fiscal 2017, fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 was $58.78, $40.71 and $31.75, respectively. The fair value of shares that vested during fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016 was $426 and $360, respectively, and there were no shares vested during fiscal 2015. The unrecognized expense related to our time-based and performance-based RSU’s and unvested restricted stock was $4,808 as of February 4, 2018 and will be expensed over a weighted average 2.2 years.

We satisfy stock option exercise activity and share unit conversion through both the issuance of new shares and the use of existing treasury shares.

Note 9: Employee Benefit Plans

We sponsor a plan to provide retirement benefits under the provisions of Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code (the “401(k) Plan”) for all employees who have completed a specified term of service. We provide for a guaranteed matching of 25% of employee contributions, up to a maximum of 6% of eligible employee compensation, as defined by the 401(k) Plan. We also have a discretionary contribution dependent upon attaining a specified performance target. Should we achieve the performance target, it would contribute an additional 25% of qualified employee contributions. Employees may elect to contribute up to 50% of their eligible compensation on a pretax basis. Benefits under the 401(k) Plan are limited to the assets of the 401(k) Plan. Expenses related to our contributions to the 401(k) Plan were $1,089, $889 and $764 for fiscal 2017, 2016, and 2015, respectively.

We offer a deferred compensation plan that permits a select group of management or highly compensated employees to defer a portion of their compensation. Under this plan, eligible employees may elect to defer up to 50% of their base salary on a pre-tax basis each plan year. Each pay period, we match 25% of the employee’s contributions up to the first 6% of salary deferred. At the end of each year, if our performance target is met, we contribute an additional amount, equal to the employer match contributed each pay period. Any contributions to a participant’s account vest in equal portions over a five-year period, and becomes immediately vested upon termination of a participant’s employment on or after age 65 or by reason of the participant’s death or disability, and upon a change of control (as defined). We recognized $246, $237 and $211 of deferred compensation expense in fiscal 2017, fiscal 2016, and fiscal 2015, respectively. The deferred compensation plan assets are invested through a rabbi trust. Assets in the rabbi trust are invested in certain mutual funds that cover an investment spectrum ranging from equities to money market instruments and are available to satisfy the claims of our creditors in the event of bankruptcy or insolvency. These mutual funds have published market prices and are

 

F-21


Table of Contents

reported at fair value using quoted prices available on identical assets and liabilities in active markets, representing Level One assets as defined by GAAP. As of February 4, 2018 and January 29, 2017, $7,059 and $5,105, respectively, of deferred compensation plan assets are included in “Other assets and deferred charges” and the offsetting deferred compensation plan liabilities are included in “Other liabilities” in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Note 10: Commitments and Contingencies

We are subject to certain legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business, including claims alleging violations of federal and state law regarding workplace and employment matters, discrimination and similar matters. In the opinion of management, based upon consultation with legal counsel, the amount of ultimate liability with respect to such legal proceedings and claims will not materially affect the consolidated results of our operations or our financial condition.

On June 30, 2017, we agreed to settle litigation related to alleged violations of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act. Once the settlement agreement is finalized, it will be subject to court approval. To cover the estimated net costs of settlement, including estimated payment to any opt-in members and class attorneys, as well as related settlement administration costs, we recorded a net charge of $2,550 (representing $7,500 of gross settlement costs less $4,950 of insurance recoveries, included in “Accrued liabilities” and “Other current assets”, respectively, in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets) during the second quarter of fiscal 2017. The charge was recorded in general and administrative expenses in our Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. No additional settlement liabilities or recoveries related to this litigation were recorded during fiscal 2017. The actual amount of any settlement payment could vary from our estimate and will be subject to many factors including approval by the court, the claims process and other matters typically associated with the settlement of litigation.

We are subject to the terms of a settlement agreement with the Federal Trade Commission that requires us, on an ongoing basis, to establish, implement, and maintain a comprehensive information security program that is reasonably designed to protect the security, confidentiality, and integrity of personal information collected from or about consumers. The agreement does not require us to pay any fines or other monetary assessments and we do not believe that the terms of the agreement will have a material adverse effect on our business, operations, or financial performance.

Note 11: Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the reporting period. Potential dilutive shares consist of the incremental common shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options, unvested time-based RSU’s and performance RSU’s to the extent performance measures were attained as of the end of the reporting period, calculated using the treasury-stock method. Potential dilutive shares are excluded from the computation of earnings per share (“EPS”) if their effect is anti-dilutive. Stock options for which the exercise price exceeds the average market price over the period are anti-dilutive and, accordingly, are excluded from the calculation. For fiscal 2017, we excluded 188,130 anti-dilutive options from the calculation of common equivalent shares.

 

F-22


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth the computation of EPS, basic and diluted for the fiscal years ended:

 

(in thousands, except share and per share data)    February 4, 2018      January 29, 2017      January 31, 2016  

Numerator:

        

Net income

   $ 120,949      $ 90,795      $ 59,619  

Denominator:

        

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding (basic)

     41,276,314        41,951,770        40,968,455  

Weighted average dilutive impact of equity-based awards

     1,306,695        1,336,822        1,815,450  

Weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares outstanding (dilutive)

     42,583,009        43,288,592        42,783,905  

Net income per share:

        

Basic

   $ 2.93      $ 2.16      $ 1.46  

Diluted

   $ 2.84      $ 2.10      $ 1.39  

Note 12: Quarterly Financial Information (unaudited)

 

     Fiscal 2017 Quarters Ended  
     4/30/2017      7/30/2017      10/29/2017      2/4/2018  

Total revenues

   $ 304,148      $ 280,751      $ 249,979      $ 304,913  

Income before provision for income taxes

     62,374        37,100        17,052        39,863  

Net income

     42,796        30,356        12,157        35,640  

Net income per share of common stock:

           

Basic

   $ 1.02      $ 0.73      $ 0.30      $ 0.88  

Diluted

   $ 0.98      $ 0.71      $ 0.29      $ 0.85  

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

           

Basic

     42,027,551        41,460,651        41,077,206        40,568,751  

Diluted

     43,522,403        42,830,873        42,250,611        41,699,060  

Stores open at end of period

     96        100        101        106  
     Fiscal 2016 Quarters Ended  
     5/1/2016      7/31/2016      10/30/2016      1/29/2017  

Total revenues

   $ 261,987      $ 244,330      $ 228,659      $ 270,182  

Income before provision for income taxes

     49,064        34,114        17,095        43,258  

Net income

     31,161        21,512        10,755        27,367  

Net income per share of common stock:

           

Basic

   $ 0.75      $ 0.51      $ 0.26      $ 0.65  

Diluted

   $ 0.72      $ 0.50      $ 0.25      $ 0.63  

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

           

Basic

     41,659,879        41,870,680        42,061,235        42,215,285  

Diluted

     43,112,141        43,283,834        43,327,812        43,369,754  

Stores open at end of period

     84        86        88        92  

The fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 consists of 14 weeks and the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 consists of 13 weeks.

Our revenues and operations are influenced by seasonal shifts in consumer spending. Revenues associated with spring and year-end holidays during our first and fourth quarters have historically been higher as compared to the other quarters. Our third quarter, which encompasses the back-to-school fall season, has historically had lower revenues as compared to the other quarters.

Net income for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 includes a benefit to our income tax provision related to the favorable impact of the Tax Act (refer to Note 6 for further discussion of income taxes).

 

F -23

EX-21.1

Exhibit 21.1

SUBSIDIARIES OF THE REGISTRANT

 

Name

  

State or Other

Jurisdiction of Incorporation

Or Organization

D&B Leasing, Inc.

   Texas

D&B Marketing Company, LLC

   Virginia

DANB Texas, Inc.

   Texas

Dave & Buster’s I, L.P.

   Texas

Dave & Buster’s, Inc.

   Missouri

Dave & Buster’s Holdings, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s Management Corporation, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of Alabama, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of Alaska, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of Arkansas, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of California, Inc.

   California

Dave & Buster’s of Connecticut, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of Colorado, Inc.

   Colorado

Dave & Buster’s of Florida, Inc.

   Florida

Dave & Buster’s of Georgia, Inc.

   Georgia

Dave & Buster’s of Hawaii, Inc.

   Hawaii

Dave & Buster’s of Idaho, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of Illinois, Inc.

   Illinois

Dave & Buster’s of Indiana, Inc.

   Indiana

Dave & Buster’s of Kansas, Inc.

   Kansas

Dave & Buster’s of Kentucky, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of Louisiana, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of Maryland, Inc.

   Maryland

Dave & Buster’s of Massachusetts, Inc.

   Massachusetts

Dave & Buster’s of Nebraska, Inc.

   Nebraska

Dave & Buster’s of Nevada, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of New Jersey, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of New Mexico, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of New York, Inc.

   New York

Dave & Buster’s of Oklahoma, Inc.

   Oklahoma

Dave & Buster’s of Oregon, Inc.

   Oregon

Dave & Buster’s of Pennsylvania, Inc.

   Pennsylvania

Dave & Buster’s of Pittsburgh, Inc.

   Pennsylvania

Dave & Buster’s of Puerto Rico, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of South Carolina, Inc.

   South Carolina

Dave & Buster’s of Utah, Inc.

   Delaware

Dave & Buster’s of Virginia, Inc.

   Virginia

Dave & Buster’s of Washington, Inc.

   Washington

Dave & Buster’s of Wisconsin, Inc.

   Wisconsin

Tango Acquisition, Inc.

   Delaware

Tango License Corporation

   Delaware

Tango of Arizona, Inc.

   Delaware

Tango of Arundel, Inc.

   Delaware

Tango of Farmingdale, Inc.

   Delaware

Tango of Franklin, Inc.

   Delaware

Tango of Houston, Inc.

   Delaware

Tango of North Carolina, Inc.

   Delaware

Tango of Tennessee, Inc.

   Delaware

Tango of Westbury, Inc.

   Delaware

6131646 Canada, Inc.

   Canada
EX-23.1

Exhibit 23.1

Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors

Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.:

We consent to the incorporation by reference in the registration statement (No. 333-199239) on Form S-8 of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. of our reports dated April 3, 2018, with respect to the consolidated balance sheets of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. as of February 4, 2018 and January 29, 2017, and the related consolidated statements of comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the fiscal years ended February 4, 2018, January 29, 2017, and January 31, 2016, and the related notes (collectively, the “consolidated financial statements”), and the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of February 4, 2018, which reports appear in the February 4, 2018 annual report on Form 10-K of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.

/s/ KPMG LLP

Dallas, Texas

April 3, 2018

EX-31.1

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION

I, Stephen M. King, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc., certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this annual report on Form 10-K of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: April 3, 2018

   

/s/ Stephen M. King

    Stephen M. King
    Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer)
EX-31.2

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION

I, Brian A. Jenkins, Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc., certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this annual report on Form 10-K of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: April 3, 2018       /s/ Brian A. Jenkins
      Brian A. Jenkins
      Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
      (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
EX-32.1

Exhibit 32.1

CERTIFICATION

In connection with the Annual Report of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-K for the period ended February 4, 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Stephen M. King, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:

 

  (1) The Report fully complies with the applicable requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

  (2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

Date: April 3, 2018

 

/s/ Stephen M. King
Stephen M. King
Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
EX-32.2

Exhibit 32.2

CERTIFICATION

In connection with the Annual Report of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-K for the period ended February 4, 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Brian A. Jenkins, Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:

 

  (1) The Report fully complies with the applicable requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

  (2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

Date: April 3, 2018

 

/s/ Brian A. Jenkins
Brian A. Jenkins
Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)