Form 10-K
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-K

 

 

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED January 29, 2017

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     

Commission File No. 001-35664

 

 

Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   35-2382255

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

2481 Mañana Drive

Dallas, Texas

  75220
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (214) 357-9588

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of exchange on which registered

Common Stock $0.01 par value   NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

 

Indicate by checkmark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by checkmark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by checkmark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge in definitive proxy or informational statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ☐

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “small reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer   ☐ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company  

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

As of July 29, 2016, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s outstanding common equity held by non-affiliates was $1,732,438,400.

The number of shares of the Issuer’s common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding as of March 22, 2017, was 41,986,487 shares.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Part III hereof incorporates certain information by reference from the registrant’s definitive proxy statement for its 2016 annual meeting of shareholders, which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the registrant’s fiscal year ended January 29, 2017.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

FOR FISCAL YEAR ENDED JANUARY 29, 2017

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page
   PART I   
ITEM 1.   

BUSINESS

     3
ITEM 1A.   

RISK FACTORS

   14
ITEM 1B.   

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

   25
ITEM 2.   

PROPERTIES

   26
ITEM 3.   

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

   27
ITEM 4.   

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

   27
   PART II   
ITEM 5.   

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

   28
ITEM 6.   

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

   30
ITEM 7.   

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

   31
ITEM 7A.   

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

   53
ITEM 8.   

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

   54
ITEM 9.   

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

   54
ITEM 9A.   

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

   54
ITEM 9B.   

OTHER INFORMATION

   55
   PART III   
ITEM 10.   

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

   56
ITEM 11.   

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

   56
ITEM 12.   

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

   56
ITEM 13.   

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

   56
ITEM 14.   

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

   56
   PART IV   
ITEM 15.   

EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

   57
  

SIGNATURE PAGE

   58

 

2


Table of Contents

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

Our Company & History

References to the “Company,” “we”, “us”, “our” and “Dave & Buster’s” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Report”) are references to Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. (“D&B Entertainment”) and its subsidiaries. D&B Entertainment was initially owned by Oak Hill Capital Partners III, L.P. and Oak Hill Capital Management Partners III, L.P. (collectively, the “Oak Hill Funds”). In October 2014, we completed our initial public offering (“IPO”). As of January 29, 2017, the Oak Hill Funds no longer owned any of our outstanding stock.

The Company, headquartered in Dallas, Texas, is a leading owner and operator of high-volume entertainment and dining venues (“stores”) under the name “Dave & Buster’s”. The core of our concept is to offer our customers the opportunity to “Eat Drink Play and Watch” all in one location. Eat and Drink is offered through a full menu of “Fun American New Gourmet” entrées and appetizers and a full selection of non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages. Our Play and Watch offerings provide an extensive assortment of entertainment attractions centered around playing games and watching live sports and other televised events. Our customer mix skews moderately to males, primarily between the ages of 21 and 39, and we believe we also serve as an attractive venue for families with children and teenagers. We believe we appeal to a diverse customer base by providing a highly customizable experience in a dynamic and fun setting.

We operate on a 52 or 53 week fiscal year that ends on the Sunday after the Saturday closest to January 31. Each quarterly period has 13 weeks, except in a 53 week year when the fourth quarter has 14 weeks. Fiscal 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, and 2012, which ended on January 29, 2017, January 31, 2016, February 1, 2015, February 2, 2014, and February 3, 2013, respectively, each contained 52 weeks except fiscal 2012, which contained 53 weeks. All dollar amounts are presented in thousands, unless otherwise noted, except share and per share amounts.

We opened our first store in Dallas, Texas in 1982 and since then we have expanded our portfolio nationally to 92 stores located in 33 states and one Canadian province as of January 29, 2017. We opened eleven new stores during fiscal 2016 and anticipate opening eleven to twelve additional stores in fiscal 2017.

Eat Drink Play and Watch - All Under One Roof

When our founders opened our first location, they sought to create a brand with a fun, upbeat atmosphere providing interactive entertainment options for adults and families, while serving high-quality food and beverages. Since then we have followed the same principle for each new store and in doing so we believe we have developed a distinctive brand based on our customer value proposition: “Eat Drink Play and Watch.” The interaction between playing games, watching sports, dining and enjoying our full-service bar areas is the defining feature of the Dave & Buster’s customer experience, and the layout of each store is designed to promote crossover between these activities. We believe this combination creates an experience that cannot be easily replicated at home or elsewhere without having to visit multiple destinations. Our locations are also designed to accommodate private parties, business functions and other corporate-sponsored events.

Eat

We seek to distinguish our food menu from other casual dining concepts with our strategy of offering “Fun American New Gourmet” entrées and appetizers. Our “Fun American New Gourmet” menu is intended to appeal to a broad spectrum of customers and includes classic “American” offerings with a fun twist. We believe we offer high-quality meals, including gourmet pastas, choice-grade steaks, premium sandwiches, decadent desserts and health-conscious entrée options that compare favorably to those of other higher-end casual dining operators. We believe our broad menu offers something for everyone and captures full meal, snacking and sports-viewing

 

3


Table of Contents

occasions. We plan to introduce new menu items three times per year that we believe reinforce the fun of the Dave & Buster’s brand. Our food revenues, which include non-alcoholic beverages, accounted for 67.6% of our food and beverage revenues and 30.4% of our total revenues during fiscal 2016.

Drink

Each of our locations also offers full bar service, including a variety of beers, signature cocktails, and premium spirits. We continually strive to innovate our beverage offerings, adding new beverages three times per year, including the introduction of fun beverage platforms such as our Luxe Patron LITs, Smashtails and Glow Kones. Beverage service is typically available throughout the entire store, allowing for multiple sales opportunities. We believe that our high margin beverage offering is complementary to each of the Eat, Play and Watch aspects of our brand. Our alcoholic beverage revenues accounted for 32.4% of our total food and beverage revenues and 14.6% of our total revenues during fiscal 2016.

Play

The games in our Midway are a key aspect of the Dave & Buster’s entertainment experience, which we believe is the core differentiating feature of our brand. The Midway in each of our stores is an area where we offer a wide array of amusement and entertainment options, typically with over 150 redemption and simulation games. Most of our games are activated by game play credits on magnetic stripe cards or RFID devices (collectively, “Power Cards”). A customer purchases the game play credits or “chips” at an automated kiosk or from an employee. Our amusement and other revenues accounted for 55.0% of our total revenues during fiscal 2016. Redemption games, which represented 79.5% of our amusement and other revenues in fiscal 2016, offer our customers the opportunity to win tickets that are redeemable at a retail-style space in our stores that we have branded WIN!, with prizes ranging from branded novelty items to high-end electronics. We believe this “opportunity to win” creates a fun and highly energized social experience that is an important aspect of the Dave & Buster’s in-store experience and cannot be easily replicated at home. Our video and simulation games, many of which can be played by multiple customers simultaneously and include some of the latest high-tech games commercially available, represented 17.2% of our amusement and other revenues in fiscal 2016. Other traditional amusements represented the remainder of our amusement and other revenues in fiscal 2016.

Watch

Sports-viewing is another key component of the entertainment experience at Dave & Buster’s. All of our stores have multiple large screen televisions and high quality audio systems providing customers with a venue for watching live sports and other televised events. Our “D&B Sports” areas provide an immersive viewing environment that provides customers with an average of 40 televisions, including 100+ inch high definition televisions, to watch televised events and enjoy our full bar and extensive food menu. We believe that we have created an attractive and comfortable environment that includes a differentiated and interactive viewing experience that offers a new reason for customers to visit Dave & Buster’s. Through continued development of the D&B Sports concept in new stores and additional renovations of existing stores, our goal is to build awareness of D&B Sports as “the best place to watch sports” and the “only place to watch the games and play the games.”

Our Company’s Core Strengths

We believe we benefit from the following strengths:

Strong, distinctive brand with broad customer appeal. We believe that the multi-faceted customer experience of “Eat Drink Play and Watch” at Dave & Buster’s, supported by our national marketing, has helped us create a widely recognized brand with no direct national competitor that combines all four elements in the same way. In markets where we have stores, over 90% of casual dining customers stated that they are aware of

 

4


Table of Contents

our brand as a dining and entertainment venue. Our customer research shows that our brand appeals to a relatively balanced mix of male and female adults, which is moderately skewed to males, primarily between the ages of 21 and 39, as well as families and teenagers. Based on customer survey results, we also believe that the average annual household income of our customers is in excess of $75, which we believe represents an attractive demographic.

Multi-faceted customer experience highlights our value proposition. We believe that our combination of interactive games, attractive television viewing areas, high-quality dining and full-service beverage offerings, delivered in a highly-energized atmosphere, provides a multi-faceted customer experience that cannot be easily replicated at home or elsewhere without having to visit multiple destinations. We aim to offer our customers a value proposition comparable or superior to many of the separately available dining and entertainment options. We are continuously working with game manufacturers and food providers to create new games and food items at compelling price points to retain and generate customer traffic and improve the customer experience. Our value proposition is enhanced by what we consider to be innovative marketing initiatives, including our Eat & Play Combo (a promotion that provides a discounted Power Card in combination with select entrées), Super Charge Power Card offerings (when purchasing or adding value to a Power Card, the customer is given the opportunity to add more chips to the Power Card at a lower cost per chip amount), Half-Price Game Play (every Wednesday, from open to close, we reduce the price of every game in the Midway by one-half), Everyone’s a Winner (a limited-time offer providing a prize to every customer that purchases or adds value to a Power Card in the amount of ten dollars or more) and free game play promotions to feature the introduction of our new games. We believe these initiatives have helped increase customer visits and encourage customers to participate more fully across our broad range of food, beverage and entertainment offerings.

Vibrant, contemporary store design that integrates entertainment and dining. We believe we continue to benefit from enhancements to the Dave & Buster’s brand through our store design and D&B Sports initiatives, which began in fiscal 2011. Our current store design provides a contemporary, engaging atmosphere for our customers that includes clearly differentiated spaces, which are typically sub-branded as Eat at Buster’s, Gamebar, Dave’s Arcade, WIN! and D&B Sports, designed to convey each component of our customer value proposition: “Eat Drink Play and Watch.” Our store designs include a modern approach to the finishes and layout of the store, which we believe encourages participation across each of the store’s elements. The oversized graphics and images throughout the store are intended to communicate our brand personality by being fun, contemporary and larger-than-life. The dining room décor includes booth and table seating and colorful artwork, often featuring local landmarks. Our WIN! area provides a retail-like environment where customers can redeem their tickets for prizes. All of our new locations opened since the beginning of fiscal 2011 incorporate our new store design. We believe the introduction and continued expansion of our D&B Sports concept, currently incorporated in approximately 80% of our store base, provides an attractive opportunity to market our broader platform to new and existing customers through a year-round calendar of programming and promotions tied to popular sporting events and sport-related activities. The large television screens, comfortable seating, a full menu of food and beverages and artwork often featuring images of local sports teams and sports icons help create what we believe to be an exciting environment for watching sports programming. We have strategically invested over $87,000 since the beginning of fiscal 2011 to introduce D&B Sports and modernize the exteriors, front lobbies, bars, dining areas and the WIN! area of select locations. During fiscal 2016, we completed the remodel of six stores and added D&B Sports branding to an additional three stores. As of the end of fiscal 2016, approximately 85% of our stores are either new or were remodeled to incorporate our new store design.

History of margin improvement. We have a proven track record of identifying operational efficiencies and implementing cost saving initiatives and have increased our net income by $98,090 and our Adjusted EBITDA Margins (defined in “Non-GAAP Financial Measures”) by approximately 970 basis points from fiscal 2010 to fiscal 2016. We expect our continued focus on operating performance at individual locations and leveraging general and administrative expense and advertising expense will continue to positively impact operating margins, although there is no guarantee that this will occur.

 

5


Table of Contents

Store model generates favorable store economics and strong returns. We believe our store model offering entertainment, food and beverages provides certain benefits in comparison to traditional restaurant concepts, as reflected by our average annual comparable store revenues of $12,000 and average Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margins (defined in “Non-GAAP Financial Measures”) of 32.5% for comparable stores in fiscal 2016. Our entertainment offerings have low variable costs and produced gross margins of 88.2% for fiscal 2016. With approximately 55.0% of our revenues from entertainment, we have less exposure than traditional restaurant concepts to food costs, which represented only 8.0% of our total revenues in fiscal 2016. Our business model generates strong cash flow that we can use to execute our growth strategy. We believe the combination of our Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margins, our refined new store formats and the fact that our stores typically open with high volumes that drive margins in year one will help us achieve our targeted average year one cash-on-cash returns in excess of 35% and five-year average cash-on-cash returns in excess of 25% for both our large format and small format store openings, however there is no guarantee such results will occur with future store openings. The 37 stores that we have opened since the beginning of 2008 (that have been open for more than 12 months as of January 29, 2017) have generated average year one cash-on-cash returns of 47.2%. The 29 stores that opened subsequent to fiscal 2010 have generated average year one cash-on-cash returns of 51.9%. We define and calculate cash-on-cash returns for an individual store as (a) Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization, excluding pre-opening expenses, national marketing expense allocation, non-cash charges related to asset disposals, currency transactions and changes in non-cash deferred amusement revenue and ticket liability, divided by (b) our net development costs. Net development costs include equipment, building, leaseholds and site costs, net of tenant improvement allowances and other landlord payments, excluding pre-opening costs and capitalized interest.

Commitment to customer satisfaction. We aim to enhance our combination of food, beverage and entertainment offerings through our service philosophy of providing a high quality and consistent customer experience through dedicated training and development of our team members and a corporate culture that encourages employee engagement. As a result, we have experienced significant improvement in our Guest Satisfaction Survey results since we began the surveys in 2007. In 2016, 82.9% of respondents to our Guest Satisfaction Survey rated us “Top Box” (score of 5 out of a possible 5) in “Overall Experience” and 84.5% of respondents rated us “Top Box” in “Intent to Recommend.” By comparison, in 2007, 44.0% of respondents rated us “Top Box” in “Overall Experience” and 64.8% of respondents rated us “Top Box” in “Intent to Recommend.” We utilize our loyalty program to market directly to members with promotional emails and location-based marketing. Through our loyalty program, we email offers and coupons to members and notify them of new games, food, drinks and local events. In addition, members can earn game play credits based on the dollar amount of qualifying purchases at our stores. We expect that as our loyalty program grows it will be an important method of maintaining customers’ connection with our brand and further drive customer satisfaction.

Experienced management team. We believe we are led by a strong senior management team averaging over 25 years of experience with national brands in all aspects of casual dining and entertainment operations. In 2006, we hired our Chief Executive Officer, Stephen King. From fiscal 2006 to fiscal 2016, under the leadership of Mr. King, net income has grown by $102,372 and Adjusted EBITDA Margins have increased by approximately 1,270 basis points and employee turnover and customer satisfaction metrics have improved significantly. We believe that our management team’s prior experience in the restaurant and entertainment industries combined with its experience at Dave & Buster’s provides us with insights into our customer base and enables us to create the dynamic environment that is core to our brand.

Our Growth Strategies

The operating strategy that underlies the growth of our concept is built on the following key components:

Pursue disciplined new store growth. We will continue to pursue what we believe to be a disciplined new store growth strategy in both new and existing markets where we feel we are capable of achieving consistently high store revenues and Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margins as well as strong cash-on-cash returns. We believe that the Dave & Buster’s brand is currently significantly under-penetrated, as internal studies and

 

6


Table of Contents

third-party research suggests a total store potential in the United States and Canada in excess of 200 stores (including our 92 stores as of the end of fiscal 2016). We believe our new store opportunity is split fairly evenly between large format and small format stores. We opened eleven stores in fiscal 2016. Store openings during the past five fiscal years were primarily financed with available cash and operating cash flows. In 2017 and thereafter, we believe that we can continue opening new stores at an annual growth rate of 10% or more of our then existing store base.

Our new store expansion strategy is driven by a site selection process that allows us to evaluate and select the location, size and design of our stores based on consumer research and analysis of operating data from sales in our existing stores. Our site selection process and flexible store design enable us to customize each store with the objective of maximizing return on capital given the characteristics of the market and the location. Our new store large formats are 30,001 to 45,000 square feet in size and our new store small formats span 25,000 to 30,000 square feet, which provides us the flexibility to enter new smaller markets and further penetrate existing markets. These formats also provide us with the ability to strategically choose between building new stores and converting existing space, which can be more cost efficient for certain locations. We are targeting average year one cash-on-cash returns in excess of 35% for both our large format and small format stores. To achieve this return for large format stores, we target average net development costs of approximately $8,800 and first year store revenues of approximately $12,200. For small format stores, we target average net development costs of approximately $6,800 and average first year store revenues of approximately $8,700. Additionally, we target average year one margins on Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization (excluding allocated national marketing costs) of approximately 29%, for both large format and small format stores.

Grow our comparable store sales. We intend to grow our comparable store sales by seeking to differentiate the Dave & Buster’s brand from other food and entertainment alternatives, through the following strategies:

 

    Provide our customers the latest exciting games. We believe that our Midway games are the core differentiating feature of the Dave & Buster’s brand, and staying current with the latest offerings creates new content and excitement to drive repeat visits and increase length of customer stay. We plan to continually update our games each year through development of proprietary games and the purchase of new games that will resonate with our customers and drive brand relevance due to a variety of factors, including their large scale, eye-catching appearance, virtual reality features, association with recognizable brands or the fact that they cannot be easily replicated at home. We aim to leverage our investment in games by packaging our new game introductions featuring exclusive game offerings and focusing our marketing spending to promote these events. We also plan to continually elevate the redemption experience in our WIN! area with prizes that we believe customers will find more attractive, which we expect will favorably impact customer visitation and game play.

 

    Leverage D&B Sports. In 2010, we initiated a program to improve our sports-viewing as part of our strategy to enhance our entertainment offering and increase customer traffic and frequency by creating another reason to visit Dave & Buster’s. This initiative evolved into the D&B Sports concept, which has been incorporated into all new stores opened since the beginning of fiscal 2013 and will continue to be incorporated into all new stores. We intend to continue leveraging our investments in D&B Sports by building awareness of Dave & Buster’s as “the best place to watch sports” and “the only place to watch the games and play the games” through national cable advertising. In addition, we are strategically expanding our year-round sporting and pay-per-view content to drive increased traffic and capture a higher share of the sports-viewing customer base.

 

    Serve food and beverage offerings with broad appeal. Our menu has a variety of items, from hamburgers to steaks to seafood that represent our “Fun American New Gourmet” strategy. We aim to ensure a pipeline for three new product launches each year, aligning with the timing of our new game launches. This strategy has been well received by our customers as the percentage of customers rating our food quality as “Excellent” was 81.3% in fiscal 2016. Similarly, the percentage of customers rating our beverage quality as “Excellent” in fiscal 2016 was 84.9%.

 

   

Grow our special events usage. The special events portion of our business represented 10.3% of our total revenues in fiscal 2016. We believe our special events business is an important sampling and

 

7


Table of Contents
 

promotional opportunity for our customers because many customers are experiencing Dave & Buster’s for the first time. We plan to leverage our existing special events sales force and call center to attract new corporate customers. In addition, we introduced online booking for social parties in order to provide additional convenience in booking events for our customers and look to expand its functionality over time.

 

    Enhance brand awareness and generate additional visits to our stores through marketing and promotions. We believe offering new items from each of the “Eat Drink Play and Watch” pillars will keep the brand relevant to customers and drive traffic and frequency. We have identified nine key promotional periods throughout the year when we feature this “New News” in national advertising. To increase national awareness of our brand, we plan to continue to invest a significant portion of our marketing expenditures in national cable television and radio advertising focused on promoting our capital investments in new games, D&B Sports and new food and beverage offerings. We also have customized local store marketing programs to increase new visits and repeat visits to individual locations. We will continue to utilize our loyalty program and digital efforts to communicate promotional offers directly to our most passionate brand fans, and we are aggressively optimizing our search engine and social marketing efforts. We also leverage our investments in technology across our marketing platform, including in-store marketing initiatives to drive incremental sales throughout the store.

 

    Drive customer frequency through greater digital and mobile connectivity. We believe that there is a potential to increase customer frequency by enhancing the in-store and out-of-store customer experience via digital and mobile strategic initiatives as well as through implementing enhanced technology. We intend to leverage our growing loyalty database as well as continue to invest in other mobile applications to create customer connections and drive recurring customer visitation.

Expand the Dave & Buster’s brand internationally. We believe that in addition to the growth potential that exists in North America, the Dave & Buster’s brand can also have significant appeal in certain international markets. We are currently assessing these opportunities while maintaining a conservative and disciplined approach towards the execution of our international development strategy. As such, we have retained the services of a third-party consultant to assist in identifying and prioritizing potential markets for expansion as well as potential franchise or joint venture partners. Thus far, we have identified our international market priorities and begun the process of identifying potential international partners within select markets. The market priorities were developed based on a specific set of criteria to ensure we expand our brand into the most attractive markets. We have signed a seven store franchising agreement for licensed development in six countries in the Middle East, and we are targeting our first international opening outside of Canada in 2018.

Site Selection

We believe that the location of stores is critical to our long-term success. The experience and relationships of our current development team has enabled us to focus our attention on the most relevant network of real estate brokers, which has given us access to a larger pool of qualified potential store sites. In addition, we believe the more contemporary look of our stores has been one of the key drivers in attracting new developers and building our new store pipeline. We devote significant time and resources to strategically analyze each prospective market, trade area and site. We continually identify, evaluate and update our database of potential locations for expansion. We base new site selection on an analytical evaluation of a set of drivers we believe increase the probability of successful, high-volume stores.

Our Store Formats

We operate stores varying in size from 16,000 to 66,000 square feet. In order to optimize sales per square foot and further enhance our store economics, the target size of our future large format stores is expected to be

 

8


Table of Contents

between 30,001 and 45,000 square feet while our small format stores span 25,000 to 30,000 square feet. We may take advantage of local market and economic conditions to open stores that are larger or smaller than these target sizes.

We utilize our small format stores to penetrate less densely populated markets and backfill existing markets. The small format store has reduced the back-of-house space, and optimized the sales area dedicated to video and redemption games. We believe that the small store format will maintain the dynamic guest experience that is the foundation of our brand and allow us flexibility in our site selection process. We also believe that the small store format will allow us to take less capital investment risk per store. As a result, we expect these smaller format stores to achieve returns within our target range and enable us to expand into additional markets. We anticipate that approximately half of our new store openings will be large format and half will be small. At January 29, 2017, 17 of our 92 operating stores were the small store format. Our fiscal 2016 new store openings included eight large format stores and three small format stores.

Since fiscal 2010, we have completed major remodel projects at 29 locations as of January 29, 2017, including three in fiscal 2014, three in fiscal 2015 and six in fiscal 2016. Our focus in the remodeling initiative is to introduce D&B Sports and modernize the exteriors, front lobbies, bars, dining areas and WIN! area. We have received positive customer feedback related to the remodel projects completed to date.

Marketing, Advertising and Promotion

Our corporate marketing department manages all consumer-focused initiatives for the Dave & Buster’s brand. In order to drive sales and expand our customer base, we focus our efforts in three key areas:

 

    Marketing: national advertising, media, promotions, in-store merchandising, pricing, local and digital marketing programs

 

    Food and beverage: menu and product development, in-store execution

 

    Customer insights: research, brand health and tracking

We spent approximately $33,795 in marketing efforts in fiscal 2016, $29,970 in fiscal 2015, and $29,144 in fiscal 2014. Our annual marketing expenditures include the cost of national television and radio advertising totaling $25,845, $22,551 and $20,553 in fiscal years 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. We continually seek to improve our marketing effectiveness through a number of initiatives, including:

 

    refining our marketing strategy to better reach both young adults and families;

 

    creating new advertising campaigns;

 

    investing in menu research and development to differentiate our food offerings from our competition and improve key product attributes (quality, consistency, value and overall customer satisfaction) and execution;

 

    developing product/promotional strategies to attract new customers and increase spending/length of stay;

 

    leveraging our loyalty database to engage and motivate customers;

 

    investing more in our customer loyalty program to create stronger relationships with consumers; and

 

    reflecting a consistent brand identity that reflects our quality, heritage and energy.

To drive traffic and increase visit frequency and average check size, the bulk of our marketing budget is allocated to our national cable television media. To enhance that effort, we also develop:

 

    local marketing plans, including radio and out-of-home;

 

9


Table of Contents
    in-store promotions and point-of purchase materials;

 

    customer loyalty programs, including promotional and trigger emails; and

 

    digital programs, including social, search, website, mobile and display.

We work with external advertising, digital, media and design agencies in the development and execution of these programs.

Special Event Marketing

Our corporate and group sales programs are managed by our sales department, which provides direction, training, and support to the special events managers and their teams within each location. They are supported by a Special Events call center located at our Corporate Office, targeted print and online media plans, as well as promotional incentives at appropriate times during the year. In addition, we have online booking for social parties in order to provide additional convenience in booking events for our customers.

Operations

Management

The management of our store base is divided into twelve regions, each of which is overseen by a Regional Operations Manager, Regional Operations Director or Vice President of Operations (collectively “Regional Management”) who reports to the Chief Operating Officer. Our Regional Management oversee five to eleven stores each, which we believe enables them to better support the General Managers and achieve sales and profitability targets for each store within their region. In addition, we have one Regional Operations Director whose primary focus is on new store openings.

Our typical store team consists of a General Manager supported by an average of nine additional management positions. There is a defined structure of development and progression of job responsibilities from Area Operations Manager through various positions up to the General Manager role. This structure ensures that an adequate succession plan exists within each store. Each management member handles various departments within the location including responsibility for hourly employees. A typical store employs approximately 140 hourly employees, most of whom work part time. The General Manager and the management team are responsible for the day-to-day operation of that store, including the hiring, training and development of team members, as well as financial and operational performance. Our stores are generally open seven days a week, from 11:30 a.m. to midnight on Sunday through Thursday and 11:30 a.m. to 2:00 a.m. on Friday and Saturday.

Operational Tools and Programs

We utilize a customized food and beverage analysis program that determines the theoretical food and beverage costs for each store and provides additional tools and reports to help us identify opportunities, including waste management. We have developed customized labor scheduling tools designed to assist our managers in optimizing hourly labor based on anticipated sales volumes. We perform weekly “test drives” on our games to ensure that our amusement offerings are consistent with Dave & Buster’s standards and are operational. Consolidated reporting tools for key drivers of our business exist for our Regional Management to be able to identify and troubleshoot any systemic issues.

Management Information Systems

We utilize a number of proprietary and third-party management information systems. These systems are designed to enable our games’ functionality, improve operating efficiencies, provide us with timely access to financial and marketing data and reduce store and corporate administrative time and expense. We believe our management information systems are sufficient to support our store expansion plans.

 

10


Table of Contents

Training

We strive to maintain quality and consistency in each of our stores through the careful training and supervision of our team members and the establishment of, and adherence to, high standards relating to personnel performance, food and beverage preparation, game playability and maintenance of our stores. We provide all new team members with complete orientation and one-on-one training for their positions to help ensure they are able to meet our high standards. All of our new team members are trained by partnering with a certified trainer to assure that the training and information they receive is complete and accurate. Team members are certified for their positions by passing a series of tests, including alcohol awareness training.

We require our new store managers to complete an eight-week training program that includes front-of-house service, kitchen, amusements and management responsibilities. Newly trained managers are then assigned to their home store where they receive additional training with their General Manager. We place a high priority on our continuing management development programs in order to ensure that qualified managers are available for our future openings. We conduct semi-annual evaluations with each manager to discuss prior performance and future performance goals. We hold an annual General Manager conference in which our General Managers share best practices and also receive an update on our business plan.

When we open a new store, we provide varying levels of training to team members in each position to ensure the smooth and efficient operation of the store from the first day it opens to the public. Prior to opening a new store, our dedicated training and opening team travels to the location to prepare for an intensive two week training program for all team members hired for the new store opening. Part of the training team stays on site during the first week of operation. We believe this additional investment in our new stores is important, because it helps us provide our customers with a quality experience from day one.

After a store has been opened and is operating smoothly, the store managers supervise the training of new team members.

Recruiting and Retention

We seek to hire experienced restaurant managers and team members, and offer competitive wage and benefit programs. Our store managers all participate in a performance-based incentive program that is based on sales and profit goals. In addition, our salaried and hourly employees are also eligible to participate in a 401(k) plan, medical/dental/vision insurance plans and receive vacation/paid time off based on tenure.

Food Preparation, Quality Control and Purchasing

We strive to maintain high food quality standards. To ensure our quality standards are met, we negotiate directly with independent producers of food products. We provide detailed quality and yield specifications to suppliers for our purchases. Our systems are designed to protect the safety and quality of our food supply throughout the procurement and preparation process. Within each store, the Kitchen Manager is primarily responsible for ensuring the timely and correct preparation of food products, per the recipes we specify. We provide each of our stores with various tools and training to facilitate these activities.

Foreign Operations

We now own and operate two stores outside of the United States, in the Canadian province of Ontario, including one that opened during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016. These stores generated revenues of approximately $13,369 USD in fiscal 2016, $10,587 USD in fiscal 2015, and $10,611 USD in fiscal 2014, representing approximately 1.3%, 1.2% and 1.4%, respectively, of our consolidated revenues. As of January 29, 2017, less than 3.0% of our long-lived assets were located outside of the United States.

 

11


Table of Contents

The foreign activities of these stores are subject to various risks of doing business in a foreign country, including currency fluctuations, changes in laws and regulations and economic and political stability. We do not believe there is any material risk associated with the Canadian operations or any dependence by the domestic business upon the Canadian operations.

Store-Level Quarterly Fluctuations and Seasonality

We expect seasonality to be a factor in the operation or results of the business in the future with higher first and fourth quarter revenues associated with the spring and year-end holidays. These quarters will continue to be susceptible to the impact of severe or unseasonably mild weather on customer traffic and sales during that period. Our third quarter, which encompasses the back-to-school fall season, has historically had lower revenues as compared to the other quarters.

Suppliers

The principal goods used by us are redemption game prizes and food and beverage products, which are available from a number of suppliers. We have expanded our contacts with amusement merchandise suppliers through the direct import program, a program in which we purchase WIN! merchandise and certain glassware, plateware and furniture directly from offshore manufacturers. We are a large buyer of traditional and amusement games and as a result believe we receive discounted pricing arrangements. Federal and state health care mandates and mandated increases in the minimum wage and other macro-economic pressures could have the repercussion of increasing expenses, as suppliers may be adversely impacted and seek to pass on higher costs to us.

Competition

The out-of-home entertainment market is highly competitive. We compete for customers’ discretionary entertainment dollars with providers of out-of-home entertainment, including localized attraction facilities such as movie theaters, sporting events, bowling alleys, arcades and entertainment centers, night clubs and restaurants as well as theme parks. We also face competition from local, regional and national establishments that offer entertainment experiences similar to ours and restaurants that are highly competitive with respect to price, quality of service, location, ambience and type and quality of food. Some of these establishments may exist in multiple locations, and we may also face competition on a national basis in the future from other concepts that are similar to ours. We also face competition from increasingly sophisticated home-based forms of entertainment, such as internet and video gaming and home movie streaming and delivery.

Intellectual Property

We have registered the trademarks Dave & Buster’s®, Power Card®, Eat & Play Combo®, Eat Drink Play®, and Eat Drink Play Watch®, and have registered or applied to register certain additional trademarks with the United States Patent and Trademark Office and in various foreign countries. We consider our tradename and our logo to be important features of our operations and seek to actively monitor and protect our interest in this property in the various jurisdictions where we operate. We also have certain trade secrets, such as our recipes, processes, proprietary information and certain software programs that we protect by requiring all of our employees to sign a code of ethics, which includes an agreement to keep trade secrets confidential.

Employees

As of January 29, 2017, we employed 13,983 persons, 218 of whom served at our corporate headquarters, 925 of whom served as management personnel and the remainder of whom were hourly personnel.

None of our employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements and we have never experienced an organized work stoppage, strike or labor dispute. We believe working conditions and compensation packages are competitive with those offered by competitors and consider our relations with our employees to be good.

 

 

12


Table of Contents

Available Information

Our corporate headquarters is located at 2481 Mañana Drive, Dallas, Texas, and our telephone number is (214) 357-9588. Our internet website is www.daveandbusters.com.

You may obtain, free of charge, copies of our reports filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on Forms 10-K, 10-Q, and 8-K, at our internet website. These reports will be available as soon as reasonably practicable after filing such material with, or furnishing it to, the SEC. In addition, you may view and obtain, free of charge, at our website, copies of our corporate governance materials, including our Audit Committee Charter, Compensation Committee Charter, Code of Business Ethics, Finance Committee Charter, Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee Charter, Corporate Governance Guidelines and Whistle Blower Policy.

 

13


Table of Contents
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

We wish to caution you that our business and operations are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties. The factors listed below are important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical results and from those projected in forward-looking statements contained in this Report, and our other filings with the SEC, in our news releases, written or electronic communications, and verbal statements by our representatives.

You should be aware that forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. These risks and uncertainties may cause our or our industry’s actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance, or achievements contained in or implied by these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are generally accompanied by words like “believes,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “expects,” and other similar expressions that convey uncertainty about future events or outcomes.

The impact that economic conditions in the United States and Canada have on consumer discretionary spending could impact our business and financial performance.

Any significant decrease in consumer confidence, or periods of economic slowdown or recession, could lead to a curtailing of discretionary spending, which in turn could reduce our revenues and results of operations and adversely affect our financial position. Our business is dependent upon consumer discretionary spending and therefore is affected by consumer confidence as well as the future performance of the United States and Canadian economies. As a result, our results of operations are susceptible to economic slowdowns and recessions. Increases in job losses, home foreclosures, energy prices, investment losses in the financial markets, personal bankruptcies, credit card debt and home mortgage and other borrowing costs, declines in housing values and reduced access to credit, among other factors, may result in lower levels of customer traffic in our stores, a decline in consumer confidence and a curtailing of consumer discretionary spending. We believe that consumers generally are more willing to make discretionary purchases during periods in which favorable economic conditions prevail. If economic conditions worsen, whether in the United States or in the communities in which our stores are located, we could see deterioration in customer traffic or a reduction in the average amount customers spend in our stores. A reduction in revenues will result in sales de-leveraging (spreading our fixed costs across the lower level of sales) and will in turn cause downward pressure on our profit margins. This could result in reduction of staff levels, asset impairment charges and potential store closures, a deceleration of new store openings and an inability to comply with the covenants under our credit facility.

Our growth strategy depends on our ability to open new stores and operate them profitably.

A key element of our growth strategy is to open additional stores in locations that we believe will provide attractive returns on investment. We have identified a number of additional sites for potential future Dave & Buster’s stores. Our ability to open new stores on a timely and cost-effective basis, or at all, is dependent on a number of factors, many of which are beyond our control, including our ability to:

 

    find quality locations;

 

    reach acceptable agreements regarding the lease or purchase of locations;

 

    comply with applicable zoning, licensing, land use and environmental regulations;

 

    raise or have available an adequate amount of cash or currently available financing for construction and opening costs;

 

    timely hire, train and retain the skilled management and other employees necessary to meet staffing needs;

 

    obtain, for acceptable cost, required permits and approvals, including liquor licenses; and

 

    efficiently manage the amount of time and money used to build and open each new store.

 

14


Table of Contents

If we succeed in opening new stores on a timely and cost-effective basis, we may nonetheless be unable to attract enough customers to new stores because potential customers may be unfamiliar with our stores or concept, or our entertainment and menu options might not appeal to them. Our new large and small format stores may not meet or exceed the performance of our existing stores or meet or exceed our performance targets, including target cash-on-cash returns. New stores may even operate at a loss, which could have a significant adverse effect on our overall operating results. If the expected future cash flows for a store are less than the asset carrying amount (an indication that the carrying amount may not be recoverable), we may recognize an impairment loss in an amount equal to the excess of the asset carrying amount over the fair value. Opening a new store in an existing market could reduce the revenue at our existing stores in that market. In addition, historically, new stores experience a drop in revenues after their first year of operation. Typically, this drop has been temporary and has been followed by increases in comparative store revenue in line with the rest of our comparable store base, but there can be no assurance that this will be the case in the future or that a new store will succeed in the long term.

Our expansion into new markets may present increased risks due to our unfamiliarity with the area.

Some of our new stores will be located in areas where we have little or no meaningful experience. Those markets may have different competitive conditions, consumer tastes and discretionary spending patterns than our existing markets, which may cause our new stores to be less successful than stores in our existing markets. In addition, our national advertising program may not be successful in generating brand awareness in all local markets, and the lack of market awareness of the Dave & Buster’s brand can pose an additional risk in expanding into new markets. Stores opened in new markets may open at lower average weekly revenues than stores opened in existing markets, and may have higher store-level operating expense ratios than stores in existing markets. Sales at stores opened in new markets may take longer to reach average store revenues, if at all, thereby adversely affecting our overall profitability.

In addition, we intend to establish stores outside of the United States and Canada. In addition to the risks posed by new markets generally, the operating conditions in overseas markets may vary significantly from those we have experienced in the past, including in relation to consumer preferences, regulatory environment, currency risk, the presence and cooperation of suitable local partners and availability of vendors or commercial and physical infrastructure, among others. There is no guarantee that we will be successful in integrating these new stores into our operations, achieving market acceptance, operating these stores profitably, and maintaining compliance with the rapidly changing business and regulatory requirements of new markets. If we are unable to do so, we could suffer a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We may not be able to compete favorably in the highly competitive out-of-home and home-based entertainment and restaurant markets, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.

The out-of-home entertainment market is highly competitive. We compete for customers’ discretionary entertainment dollars with providers of out-of-home entertainment, including localized attraction facilities such as movie theatres, sporting events, bowling alleys, arcades and entertainment centers, nightclubs and restaurants as well as theme parks. Many of the entities operating these businesses are larger and have significantly greater financial resources, a greater number of stores, have been in business longer, have greater name recognition and are better established in the markets where our stores are located or are planned to be located. As a result, they may be able to invest greater resources than we can in attracting customers and succeed in attracting customers who would otherwise come to our stores. The legalization of casino gambling in geographic areas near any current or future store would create the possibility for entertainment alternatives, which could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition. We also face competition from local, regional and national establishments that offer entertainment experiences similar to ours and restaurants that are highly competitive with respect to price, quality of service, location, ambience and type and quality of food. We also face competition from increasingly sophisticated home-based forms of entertainment, such as internet and video gaming and home movie streaming and delivery. Our failure to compete favorably in the competitive

 

15


Table of Contents

out-of-home and home- based entertainment and restaurant markets could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Our sales growth and ability to achieve profitability could be adversely affected if comparable store sales are less than we expect.

Comparable store sales are a year-over-year comparison of sales at stores open at the end of the period which have been open for at least 18 months as of the beginning of each of the fiscal years. It is a key performance indicator used within the industry and is indicative of acceptance of our initiatives as well as local economic and consumer trends. The level of comparable store sales will affect our sales growth and will continue to be a critical factor affecting our ability to generate profits because the profit margin on comparable store sales is generally higher than the profit margin on new store sales. Our ability to increase comparable store sales depends in part on our ability to successfully implement our initiatives to build sales. It is possible such initiatives will not be successful, and that we will not achieve our target comparable store sales growth or that the change in comparable store sales could be negative, which may cause a decrease in sales growth and ability to achieve profitability that would materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operation.

Our revenues generally fluctuate from quarter to quarter due to the seasonality of our business and other events.

Our operating results fluctuate significantly from quarter to quarter as a result of seasonal factors. Typically, we have higher first and fourth quarter revenues associated with the spring and year-end holidays. Our third quarter, which encompasses the back-to-school fall season, has historically had lower revenues as compared to the other quarters. We expect seasonality will continue to be a factor in our results of operations. As a result, factors affecting peak seasons could have a disproportionate effect on our results. For example, the number of days between Thanksgiving and New Year’s Day and the days of the week on which Christmas and New Year’s Eve fall affect the volume of business we generate during the December holiday season and can affect our results for the full fiscal year. In addition, adverse weather during the winter and spring seasons can have a significant impact on our first and fourth quarters, and therefore our results for the full fiscal year.

Our results of operations are subject to fluctuations due to the timing of new store openings.

The timing of new store openings may result in significant fluctuations in our quarterly performance. We typically incur most cash pre-opening costs for a new store within the two months immediately preceding, and the month of, the store’s opening. In addition, the labor and operating costs for a newly opened store during the first three to six months of operation are materially greater than what can be expected after that time, both in aggregate dollars and as a percentage of revenues. Additionally, a portion of a current fiscal year new store capital expenditures is related to stores that are not expected to open until the following fiscal year. Due to these substantial up-front financial requirements to open new stores, the investment risk related to any single store is much larger than that associated with many other restaurants or entertainment venues.

Slow economic growth or a recession could have a material adverse impact on our landlords or other tenants in shopping centers in which we are located, which in turn could negatively affect our financial results.

If we experience another economic downturn in the future, our landlords may be unable to obtain financing or remain in good standing under their existing financing arrangements, resulting in failures to pay required tenant improvement allowances or satisfy other lease covenants to us. In addition, tenants at shopping centers in which we are located or have executed leases, or to which our locations are near, may fail to open or may cease operations. Decreases in total tenant occupancy in shopping centers in which we are located, or to which our locations are near, may affect traffic at our stores. All of these factors could have a material adverse impact on our operations.

 

16


Table of Contents

Damage to our brand or reputation could adversely affect our business.

Our brand and our reputation are among our most important assets. Our ability to attract and retain customers depends, in part, upon the external perception of our Company, the quality of our food service and facilities and our integrity. Multi-store businesses, such as ours, can be adversely affected by unfavorable publicity resulting from poor food quality, illness or health concerns, or a variety of other operating issues stemming from one or a limited number of stores. The speed at which negative publicity (whether or not accurate) can be disseminated has increased dramatically with the capabilities of electronic communication. Adverse publicity involving any of these factors could make our stores less appealing, reduce our customer traffic and/or impose practical limits on pricing. In the future, our stores may be operated by franchisees. Any such franchisees will be independent third parties that we do not control. Although our franchisees will be contractually obligated to operate the store in accordance with our standards, we would not oversee their daily operations. If one or more of our stores were the subject of unfavorable publicity and we are unable to quickly and effectively respond to such reports, our overall brand could be adversely affected, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Our operations are susceptible to changes in the availability and the cost of food and other supplies, in most cases from a limited number of suppliers, which could negatively affect our operating results.

Our profitability depends in part on our ability to anticipate and react to changes in food and other supply costs. Various factors beyond our control, including adverse weather conditions, governmental regulation and monetary policy, product availability, recalls of food products, and seasonality, as well as the effects of the current macroeconomic environment on our suppliers, may affect our commodity costs or cause a disruption in our supply chain. In an effort to mitigate some of this risk, we have multiple short-term supply contracts with a limited number of suppliers. If any of these suppliers do not perform adequately or otherwise fail to distribute products or supplies to our stores, we may be unable to replace the suppliers in a short period of time on acceptable terms, which could increase our costs, cause shortages of food and other items at our stores and cause us to remove certain items from our menu. Changes in the price or availability of commodities for which we do not have short-term supply contracts could have a material adverse effect on our profitability. Expiring contracts with our food suppliers could also result in unfavorable renewal terms and therefore increase costs associated with these suppliers or may necessitate negotiations with other suppliers. Other than short-term supply contracts for certain food items, we currently do not engage in futures contracts or other financial risk management strategies with respect to potential price fluctuations in the cost of food and other supplies. Also, the unplanned loss of a major distributor could adversely affect our business by disrupting our operations as we seek out and negotiate a new distribution contract. If we have to pay higher prices for food or other supplies, our operating costs may increase, and, if we are unable to pass such cost increases on to our customers by adjusting purchasing practices or menu prices, our operating results could be adversely affected.

Our procurement of games and amusement offerings is dependent upon a few suppliers.

Our ability to continue to procure new games, amusement offerings, and other entertainment-related equipment is important to our business strategy. The number of suppliers from which we can purchase games, amusement offerings and other entertainment-related equipment is limited. To the extent that the number of suppliers declines, we could be subject to the risk of distribution delays, pricing pressure, lack of innovation and other associated risks.

In addition, any increase in cost or decrease in availability of new amusement offerings that appeal to customers could adversely impact our revenues as well as the cost to acquire and operate new amusements, either of which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and could also lead to decreases in revenues as customers negatively react to lack of new game options. We may not be able to anticipate and react to changing amusement offerings cost by adjusting purchasing practices or game prices, and a failure to do so could have a material adverse effect on our operating results.

 

17


Table of Contents

Our operations are susceptible to the availability of systems and services provided by third-parties, which subject us to possible risk of shortages and interruptions.

We rely on third-party service providers for certain key elements of our operations including credit card processing, telecommunications and utilities. The unplanned loss of services from a major provider could adversely affect our business as we seek out and negotiate for alternate sources of service. We may be unable to replace service providers in a short period of time on acceptable terms, which could limit our operations and increase our costs. If our cost of services increases, we may be unable to pass such cost increases on to our customers, and our operating results could be adversely affected.

Food safety incidents at our stores or in our industry or supply chain may adversely affect customer perception of our brands or industry and result in declines in sales and profits.

We cannot guarantee that our supply chain and food safety controls and training will be fully effective in preventing all food safety issues at our stores, including any occurrences of foodborne illnesses such as salmonella, E. coli, Norovirus, or hepatitis A. In addition, we rely on third-party vendors, making it difficult to monitor food safety compliance and increasing the risk that foodborne illness would affect multiple locations rather than a single store. Some foodborne illness incidents could be caused by third-party vendors and distributors outside of our control. New illnesses resistant to our current precautions may develop in the future, or diseases with long incubation periods could arise, that could give rise to claims or allegations on a retroactive basis. One or more instances of foodborne illness in any of our stores or markets or related to food products we sell could negatively affect our store sales nationwide if highly publicized on national media outlets or through social media. This risk exists even if it were later determined that the illness was wrongly attributed to us or one of our stores. A number of restaurant chains have experienced incidents related to foodborne illnesses that have had a material adverse effect on their operations. The occurrence of a similar incident at one or more of our stores, or negative publicity or public speculation about an incident, could reduce customer visits to our stores and negatively impact demand for our menu offerings.

We are subject to all of the risks associated with leasing space subject to long-term, non-cancelable leases.

We typically do not own any real property. Payments under our non-cancelable, operating leases account for a significant portion of our operating expenses and we expect the new stores we open in the future will similarly be leased. The leases typically provide for a base rent plus additional rent based on a percentage of the revenue generated by the stores on the leased premises once certain thresholds are met. We generally cannot cancel these leases without substantial economic penalty. If an existing or future store is not profitable, and we decide to close it, we may nonetheless be committed to perform our obligation under the applicable lease, including, among other things, paying the base rent for the remainder of the lease term. We depend on cash flow from operations to pay our lease obligations. If our business does not generate sufficient cash flow from operating activities and sufficient funds are not otherwise available to us from borrowings under our existing credit facility, we may not be able to service our operating lease obligations, grow our business, respond to competitive challenges or fund other liquidity and capital needs, which would have a material adverse effect on us.

In addition, as each of our leases expires, we may choose not to renew, or may not be able to renew, such existing leases if the capital investment required to maintain the stores at the leased locations is not justified by the return required on the investment. If we are not able to renew the leases at rents that allow such stores to remain profitable as their terms expire, the number of such stores may decrease, resulting in lower revenue from operations, or we may relocate a store, which could subject us to construction and other costs and risks, and in either case, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

18


Table of Contents

We may not be able to operate our stores, or obtain and maintain licenses and permits necessary for such operation, in compliance with laws, regulations and other requirements, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition.

Each store is subject to licensing and regulation by alcoholic beverage control, amusement, health, sanitation, safety, building code and fire agencies in the state, county and/or municipality in which the store is located. Each store is required to obtain a license to sell alcoholic beverages on the premises from a state authority and, in certain locations, county and municipal authorities. Typically, licenses must be renewed annually and may be revoked or suspended for cause at any time. In some states, the loss of a license for cause with respect to one location may lead to the loss of licenses at all locations in that state and could make it more difficult to obtain additional licenses in that state. Alcoholic beverage control regulations relate to numerous aspects of the daily operations of each store, including minimum age of patrons and employees, hours of operation, advertising, wholesale purchasing, inventory control and handling and storage and dispensing of alcoholic beverages. We generally have not encountered any material difficulties or failures in obtaining and maintaining the required licenses, permits and approvals that could impact the continuing operations of an existing store, or delay or prevent the opening of a new store. Although we do not anticipate any material difficulties occurring in the future, the failure to receive or retain a liquor license, or any other required permit or license, in a particular location, or to continue to qualify for, or renew licenses, could have a material adverse effect on operations and our ability to obtain such a license or permit in other locations.

As a result of operating certain entertainment games and attractions, including skill-based games that offer redemption prizes, we are subject to amusement licensing and regulation by the states, counties and municipalities in which our stores are located. These laws and regulations can vary significantly by state, county, and municipality and, in some jurisdictions, may require us to modify our business operations or alter the mix of redemption games and simulators we offer. Moreover, as more states and local communities implement legalized gambling, the laws and corresponding enabling regulations may also be applicable to our redemption games and regulators may create new licensing requirements, taxes or fees, or restrictions on the various types of redemption games we offer. Furthermore, the state of Ohio (broad regulation of games of skill) and the city of Honolulu, Hawaii (regulation of simulated gambling devices), are considering changes to existing laws to further regulate legalized gaming and illegal gambling. Adoption of these laws, or adverse interpretation of existing laws, could require our existing stores in these jurisdictions to alter the mix of games, modify certain games, limit the number of tickets that may be won by a customer from a redemption game, change the mix of prizes that we may offer at our WIN! area or terminate the use of specific games, any of which could adversely affect our operations. If we fail to comply with such laws and regulations, we may be subject to various sanctions and/or penalties and fines or may be required to cease operations until we achieve compliance, which could have an adverse effect on our business and our financial results.

Our costs of doing business could increase as a result of changes in, expanded enforcement of, or adoption of new federal, state or local laws and regulations.

We are subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations that govern numerous aspects of our business. Changes in, expanded enforcement of, or adoption of new federal, state or local laws and regulations governing minimum wage or living wage requirements; other wage, labor or workplace regulations; taxes; or environmental matters could increase our costs of doing business or impact our operations. In addition, recent healthcare reform legislation could adversely impact our labor costs.

We are subject to the Fair Labor Standards Act (which governs such matters as minimum wages and overtime), along with the Americans with Disabilities Act, various family leave mandates and other federal, state and local laws and regulations that govern working conditions. We have a substantial number of hourly employees who are paid wage rates at or based on the applicable federal, state or local minimum wage. Further, we operate in many states and localities where the minimum wage is significantly higher than the federal minimum wage, including California and New York, while other states, localities and the Federal government are contemplating similar increases. We expect increases in payroll expenses as a result of federal, state and local

 

19


Table of Contents

mandated increases in the minimum wage, and we are uncertain of the repercussions, if any, of increased minimum wages on other expenses. For example, our suppliers may be more severely impacted by higher minimum wage standards, which could result in increased costs to us. In general, we have been able to substantially offset cost increases resulting from changes in minimum wage rates by increasing menu prices, improving productivity, or through other adjustments, but there can be no assurance that we will be able to continue to do so in the future, and our business, results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected. Moreover, although none of our employees have been or are now represented by any unions, labor organizations may seek to represent certain of our employees in the future, and if they are successful, our payroll expenses and other labor costs may be increased in the course of collective bargaining, and/or there may be strikes or other work disruptions that may adversely affect our business.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (the “PPACA”) includes provisions requiring health care coverage for all Americans that began in 2014. Although the PPACA does not mandate that employers offer health insurance to all employees who are eligible under the legislation, providing health insurance benefits to employees that are more extensive than the health insurance benefits we currently provide and to a potentially larger proportion of our employees, or the payment of penalties if the specified level of coverage is not provided at an affordable cost to employees, will increase our expense. Additionally, our distributors and suppliers also may be affected by higher health care-related costs, which could result in higher costs for goods and services supplied to us. We believe our plans meet these requirements, and we continue to review the PPACA and regulations issued related to the law to evaluate the potential impact of this law on our business, and to accommodate various parts of the law as they take effect. There are no assurances that a combination of cost management and price increases can accommodate all of the costs associated with compliance.

The PPACA also requires us to comply with federal nutritional disclosure requirements. The Food and Drug Administration has issued regulations to implement the nutritional menu labeling provisions of the PPACA and these final regulations will be effective on May 5, 2017. The regulations establish a uniform, federal requirement for certain restaurants, including ours, to post certain nutritional information on their menus. We will be required to publish the total number of calories of standard menu items on menus, along with a statement that puts this calorie information in the context of a total daily calorie intake. The PPACA also requires us to provide to consumers, upon request, a written summary of detailed nutritional information for each standard menu item, and to provide a statement on menus about the availability of this information. The PPACA also permits the Food and Drug Administration to require us to make additional nutrient disclosures, such as disclosure of trans-fat content. An unfavorable report on, or reaction to, our menu ingredients, the size of our portions, or the nutritional content of our menu items could negatively influence the demand for our offerings. We cannot make any assurances regarding our ability to effectively respond to changes in consumer health perceptions or our ability to successfully implement the nutrient content disclosure requirements and to adapt our menu offerings to trends and eating habits. The imposition of menu-labeling laws could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial position, as well as the hospitality industry in general.

Immigration reform continues to attract significant attention in the public arena and the U.S. Congress. If new immigration legislation is enacted, such laws may contain provisions that could increase our costs in recruiting, training and retaining employees. Also, although our hiring practices comply with the requirements of federal law in reviewing employees’ citizenship or authority to work in the United States, increased enforcement efforts with respect to existing immigration laws by governmental authorities may disrupt a portion of our workforce or our operations at one or more of our stores, thereby negatively impacting our business.

We are also subject to federal, state and local environmental laws, regulations and other requirements. More stringent and varied requirements of local and state governmental bodies with respect to zoning, land use and environmental factors could delay or prevent development of new stores in particular locations. Environmental laws and regulations also govern, among other things, discharges of pollutants into the air and water as well as the presence, handling, release and disposal of and exposure to hazardous substances. These laws provide for

 

20


Table of Contents

significant fines and penalties for noncompliance. Third parties may also make personal injury, property damage or other claims against us associated with actual or alleged release of, or exposure to, hazardous substances at our properties. We could also be strictly liable, without regard to fault, for certain environmental conditions at properties we formerly owned or operated as well as at our current properties.

Our sales and results of operations may be adversely affected by climate change and the passage of other environmental legislation and regulations. The costs and other effects of new legal requirements cannot be determined with certainty. For example, new legislation or regulations may result in increased costs directly for our compliance or indirectly to the extent that such requirements increase prices charged to us by vendors because of increased compliance costs. At this point, we are unable to determine the impact that climate change and other environmental legislation and regulations could have on our overall business.

Our success depends upon our ability to recruit and retain qualified store management and operating personnel while also controlling our labor costs.

We must continue to attract, retain and motivate a sufficient number of qualified management and operating personnel to maintain consistency in our service, hospitality, quality and atmosphere of our stores, both in the United States and Canada. Qualified management and operating personnel are typically in high demand. If we are unable to attract and retain a satisfactory number of qualified management and operating personnel, labor shortages could delay the planned openings of new stores or adversely impact our existing stores. Any such delays, material increases in employee turnover rates in existing stores or widespread employee dissatisfaction could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations. Competition for qualified employees could require us to pay higher wages, which could result in higher labor costs and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

Our financial performance and the ability to successfully implement our strategic direction could be materially adversely affected if we fail to retain, or effectively respond, to a loss of key management.

Our future success significantly depends on the continued service and performance of our key management personnel. We have employment agreements with all members of senior management. However, we cannot prevent members of senior management from terminating their employment with us. Losing the services of members of senior management could materially harm our business until a suitable replacement is found, and such replacement may not have equal experience and capabilities. In addition, we have not purchased life insurance on any members of our senior management.

We face potential liability with our gift cards under the property laws of some states.

Our gift cards, which may be used to purchase food, beverages, merchandise and game play credits in our stores, may be considered stored value cards. Certain states include gift cards under their abandoned and unclaimed property laws, and require companies to remit to the state cash in an amount equal to all or a designated portion of the unredeemed balance on the gift cards based on certain card attributes and the length of time that the cards are inactive. To date we have not remitted any amounts relating to unredeemed gift cards to states based upon our assessment of applicable laws. We recognize income from unredeemed cards when we determine that the likelihood of the cards being redeemed is remote and that recognition is appropriate based on governing state statutes.

The analysis of the potential application of the abandoned and unclaimed property laws to our gift cards is complex, involving an analysis of constitutional, statutory provisions and factual issues. In the event that one or more states change their existing abandoned and unclaimed property laws or successfully challenge our position on the application of its abandoned and unclaimed property laws to our gift cards, or if the estimates that we use in projecting the likelihood of the cards being redeemed prove to be inaccurate, our liabilities with respect to unredeemed gift cards may be materially higher than the amounts shown in our financial statements. If we are

 

21


Table of Contents

required to materially increase the estimated liability recorded in our financial statements with respect to unredeemed gift cards, our net income could be materially and adversely affected.

Our Power Cards may raise similar concerns to gift cards in terms of the applicability of states’ abandoned and unclaimed property laws. However, based on our analysis of abandoned and unclaimed property laws, we believe that our Power Cards are not stored value cards and such laws do not apply, although there can be no assurance that states will not take a different position.

Customer complaints or litigation on behalf of our customers or employees may adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition.

Our business may be adversely affected by legal or governmental proceedings brought by or on behalf of our customers or employees. In recent years, a number of restaurant companies, including ours, have been subject to lawsuits, including class action lawsuits, alleging violations of federal and state law regarding workplace and employment matters, discrimination and similar matters, and a number of these lawsuits have resulted in the payment of substantial damages by the defendants. We could also face potential liability (which could be material) if we are found to have misclassified certain employees as exempt from the overtime requirements of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act and state labor laws, or if we are found to have failed to provide or continue health insurance or benefits to our employees in violation of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act or the PPACA. We have had from time to time and now have such lawsuits pending against us. In addition, from time to time, customers file complaints or lawsuits against us alleging that we are responsible for some illness or injury they suffered at or after a visit to a store. We are also subject to a variety of other claims in the ordinary course of business, including personal injury, lease and contract claims. The restaurant industry has also been subject to a growing number of claims that the menus and actions of restaurant chains have led to the obesity of certain of their customers.

We are also subject to “dram shop” statutes in certain states in which our stores are located. These statutes generally provide a person injured by an intoxicated person the right to recover damages from an establishment that wrongfully served alcoholic beverages to the intoxicated individual. Recent litigation against restaurant chains has resulted in significant judgments and settlements under dram shop statutes. Because these cases often seek punitive damages, which may not be covered by insurance, such litigation could have an adverse impact on our business, results of operations or financial condition. Regardless of whether any claims against us are valid or whether we are liable, claims may be expensive to defend and may divert time and money away from operations and hurt our financial performance. A judgment significantly in excess of our insurance coverage or not covered by insurance could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition. Also, adverse publicity resulting from these allegations may materially affect our stores and us.

Local conditions, events, terrorist attacks, adverse weather conditions and natural disasters could adversely affect our business.

Certain of the regions in which our stores are located have been, and may in the future be, subject to adverse local conditions, events, terrorist attacks, adverse weather conditions, or natural disasters, such as earthquakes, floods and hurricanes. Depending upon its magnitude, a natural disaster could severely damage our stores, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition. Our corporate headquarters, company-owned distribution center, game repair facility and our data center, as well as our backup data facility are all located in Dallas, Texas. A natural or man-made disaster could significantly impact our ability to provide services and systems to our stores and negatively impact store operations throughout our operations. We currently maintain property and business interruption insurance through the aggregate property policy for each of the stores. However, such coverage may not be sufficient if there is a major disaster. In addition, upon the expiration of our current insurance policies, adequate insurance coverage may not be available at reasonable rates, or at all.

 

22


Table of Contents

We may not be able to adequately protect our intellectual property.

Our intellectual property is essential to our success and competitive position. We use a combination of intellectual property rights, such as trademarks and trade secrets, to protect our brand and certain other proprietary processes and information material to our business. The success of our business strategy depends, in part, on our continued ability to use our intellectual property rights to increase brand awareness and further develop our branded products in both existing and new markets. If we fail to protect our intellectual property rights adequately, we may lose an important advantage in the markets in which we compete. If third parties misappropriate or infringe our intellectual property, the value of our image, brand and the goodwill associated therewith may be diminished, our brand may fail to achieve and maintain market recognition, and our competitive position may be harmed, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, including our revenues. Policing unauthorized use of our intellectual property is difficult, and we cannot be certain that the steps we have taken will prevent the violation or misappropriation of such intellectual property rights by others. To protect our intellectual property, we may become involved in litigation, which could result in substantial expenses, divert the attention of management and adversely affect our revenue, financial condition and results of operations.

We cannot be certain that our products and services do not and will not infringe on the intellectual property rights of others. Any such claims, regardless of merit, could be time-consuming and expensive to litigate or settle, divert the attention of management, cause significant delays, materially disrupt the conduct of our business and have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. As a consequence of such claims, we could be required to pay a substantial damage award, take a royalty-bearing license, discontinue the use of third-party products used within our operations and/or rebrand our business and products.

Disruptions in our information technology systems could have an adverse impact on our operations.

We rely heavily on various information technology systems, including point-of-sale, kiosk and amusement operations systems in our stores, data centers that process transactions, communication systems and various other software applications used throughout our operations. Our ability to effectively manage our business depends significantly on the reliability, integrity and capacity of these systems. Some of these systems have been internally developed or we may rely on third party providers and platforms for some of these information technology systems and support. Although we have operational safeguards in place, they may not be effective in preventing the failure of these systems or platforms to operate effectively and be available. Such failures may be caused by various factors, including power outages, catastrophic events, problems with transitioning to upgraded or replacement systems, flaws in third party software or services, errors by our employees or third party service providers, or a breach in the security of these systems or platforms, including through cyber-attacks. If our incident response, disaster recovery and business continuity plans to not resolve these issues in an effective manner, they could cause material negative impacts to the efficiency of our operations and our financial results, and remediation of such problems could result in significant, unplanned capital expenditures.

The unauthorized access, theft or destruction of customer or employee personal, financial or other data or of our proprietary or confidential information that is stored in our information systems or by third parties on our behalf could impact our reputation and brand and expose us to potential liability and loss of revenues.

Our information systems, such as those we use for our point-of-sale, web and mobile platforms, and for administrative functions, including human resources, payroll, accounting and internal and external communications, as well as the information technology systems of our third party business partners and service providers, can contain personal, financial or other information that is entrusted to us by our customers and employees. Our information systems also contain proprietary and other confidential information related to our business. Our information technology systems, and those of our third party service providers and vendors, are subject to the risk of infiltration or data theft. The techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, disable or degrade service, or sabotage information technology systems change frequently and may be difficult to detect for

 

23


Table of Contents

long periods of time. As such, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or implement adequate preventive measures. The hardware, software or applications we develop or procure from third parties may also contain defects in design or manufacture or other problems that could unexpectedly compromise information security. Unauthorized parties may also attempt to gain access to our systems or facilities through fraud, trickery or other methods of deceiving our team members, contractors and temporary staff. In fiscal 2007, there was an external breach of our credit card processing systems, which led to fraudulent credit card activity and resulted in the payment of fines and reimbursements for the fraudulent credit card activity. As part of a settlement with the Federal Trade Commission, we have implemented a series of corrective measures in order to ensure that our computer systems are secure and that our customers’ personal information is protected. Despite our considerable efforts and investment in technology to secure our computer network, security could still be compromised, confidential information could be misappropriated or system disruptions could occur in the future. This could cause significant harm to our reputation, lead to a loss of sales or profits or cause us to incur significant costs to reimburse third parties for damages.

The market price of our common stock is subject to volatility.

During fiscal 2016, the price of our common stock fluctuated between $29.54 and $58.25 per share. The market price of our common stock may be significantly affected by a number of factors, including, but not limited to, actual or anticipated variations in our operating results or those of our competitors as compared to analyst expectations, changes in financial estimates by research analysts with respect to us or others in the restaurant and other entertainment industries, and announcement of significant transactions (including mergers or acquisitions, divestitures, joint ventures or other strategic initiatives) by us or others in the restaurant and other entertainment industries. In addition, the equity markets have experienced price and volume fluctuations that affect the stock price of companies in ways that have been unrelated to an individual company’s operating performance. The price for our common stock may continue to be volatile, based on factors specific to our company and industry, as well as factors related to the equity markets overall.

Failure of our internal control over financial reporting could harm our business and financial results.

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is a process to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting is not intended to provide absolute assurance that we would prevent or detect a misstatement of our financial statements or fraud. Any failure to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting could limit our ability to report our financial results accurately and timely or to detect and prevent fraud. A significant financial reporting failure or material weakness in internal control over financial reporting could result in substantial cost to remediate, and could cause a loss of investor confidence and decline in the market price of our stock.

Changes to accounting rules or regulations may adversely affect our results of operations.

Changes to existing accounting rules or regulations may impact our future results of operations or cause the perception that we are more highly leveraged. New accounting rules or regulations and varying interpretations of existing accounting rules or regulations have occurred and may occur in the future. For instance, accounting regulatory authorities have issued changes to existing accounting requirements that require the present value of committed operating leases to be recorded as right-of-use lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet beginning in fiscal 2019. This and other future changes to accounting rules or regulations could have a material adverse affect on the presentation of our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

24


Table of Contents

Provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws and Delaware law may discourage, delay or prevent a change of control of our company or changes in our management and, therefore, may depress the trading price of our stock.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws include certain provisions that could have the effect of discouraging, delaying or preventing a change of control of our Company or changes in our management, including, among other things:

 

    restrictions on the ability of our stockholders to fill a vacancy on the Board of Directors;

 

    our ability to issue preferred stock with terms that the Board of Directors may determine, without stockholder approval, which could be used to significantly dilute the ownership of a hostile acquirer;

 

    the inability of our stockholders to call a special meeting of stockholders;

 

    specify that special meetings of our stockholders can be called only upon the request of a majority of our Board of Directors or our Chief Executive Officer;

 

    the absence of cumulative voting in the election of directors, which may limit the ability of minority stockholders to elect directors; and

 

    advance notice requirements for stockholder proposals and nominations, which may discourage or deter a potential acquirer from soliciting proxies to elect a particular slate of directors or otherwise attempting to obtain control of us.

These provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated bylaws may discourage, delay or prevent a transaction involving a change of control of our Company that is in the best interest of our minority stockholders. Even in the absence of a takeover attempt, the existence of these provisions may adversely affect the prevailing market price of our common stock if they are viewed as discouraging future takeover attempts.

Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law may affect the ability of an “interested stockholder” to engage in certain business combinations, including mergers, consolidations or acquisitions of additional shares, for a period of three years following the time that the stockholder becomes an “interested stockholder.” An “interested stockholder” is defined to include persons owning directly or indirectly 15% or more of the outstanding voting stock of a corporation. Accordingly, Section 203 could have an anti-takeover effect with respect to certain transactions that the Board of Directors does not approve in advance. The provisions of Section 203 may encourage companies interested in acquiring the Company to negotiate in advance with the Board of Directors because the stockholder approval requirement would be avoided if the Board of Directors approves either the business combination or the transaction that results in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder.

However, Section 203 also could discourage attempts that might result in a premium over the market price for the shares held by stockholders. These provisions also may make it more difficult to accomplish transactions that stockholders may otherwise deem to be in their best interests. Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that we will not be governed by Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law. However, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation contains a provision that provides us with protections similar to Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, and will prevent us from engaging in a business combination with an interested stockholder for a period of three years from the date such person acquired such common stock unless (with certain exceptions) the business combination is approved in a prescribed manner, including if Board of Directors approval or stockholder approval is obtained prior to the business combination.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

Not applicable.

 

25


Table of Contents
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

As of January 29, 2017, we lease the building or site of all of our 92 operating stores. Our stores operate as either large or small store formats, with stores having greater than 30,000 square feet being considered a large store format. The table below shows the locations of our operating stores as of January 29, 2017:

 

State

   Large Format      Small Format      Total  

Arizona

     3               3  

Arkansas

            1        1  

California

     9        2        11  

Colorado

     2               2  

Connecticut

            1        1  

Florida

     5               5  

Georgia

     3               3  

Hawaii

     1               1  

Idaho

            1        1  

Illinois

     3        1        4  

Indiana

     1               1  

Kansas

     1               1  

Kentucky

            1        1  

Massachusetts

     2               2  

Maryland

     3               3  

Michigan

     2        1        3  

Minnesota

     2               2  

Missouri

     1               1  

Nebraska

            1        1  

Nevada

     1               1  

New Mexico

            1        1  

New York

     8        1        9  

North Carolina

     1        1        2  

Ohio

     4        1        5  

Oklahoma

            2        2  

Oregon

     1               1  

Pennsylvania

     4               4  

Rhode Island

     1               1  

South Carolina

            1        1  

Tennesee

     1               1  

Texas

     11               11  

Virginia

     2        1        3  

Wisconsin

     1               1  

Ontario*

     2               2  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     75        17        92  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

* A province of Canada

All of our stores are located on land that is leased. The contracted lease terms, including renewal options, generally range from 20 to 40 years. Our leases typically provide for a minimum annual rent plus contingent rent to be determined as a percentage of the applicable store’s annual gross revenues. We currently pay contingent rent in 31 of our stores. Generally, leases are “net leases” that require us to pay our pro rata share of taxes, insurance and maintenance costs. All of our leases include renewal options that give us the opportunity to extend the lease terms through 2023 or later. Additionally, as of January 29, 2017, we have signed 28 lease agreements for future store openings, including eight stores that are under construction. Our eight stores under construction, including our stores in Carlsbad, California, Columbia, South Carolina and Overland Park, Kansas, which opened for

 

26


Table of Contents

business on January 30, 2017, February 13, 2017 and March 6, 2017, respectively, are excluded from the table above. During fiscal 2016, we purchased land for a future site in Tampa, Florida which is expected to open in fiscal 2018. The purchase price of $3,608 is included in property and equipment.

In addition to our leased stores, we lease a 47,000 square foot office building and 30,000 square foot warehouse facility in Dallas, Texas for use as our corporate headquarters and distribution center. This lease expires in October 2021, with options to renew until October 2041. We also lease a 31,000 square foot warehouse facility in Dallas, Texas for use as additional warehouse space. This lease will expire in January 2019, with options to renew until January 2028.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We are subject to certain legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business, including intellectual property disputes, miscellaneous premises liability, employment-related claims and dram shop claims. In the opinion of management, based upon consultation with legal counsel, the amount of ultimate liability with respect to, or an adverse outcome in any such legal proceedings or claims will not materially affect our business, the consolidated results of our operations or our financial condition. See Note 11 to our Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Report for a summary of legal proceedings.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

None.

 

27


Table of Contents

PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Common Stock Market Prices and Dividends

Our common stock has traded on NASDAQ Global Market (“NASDAQ”) under the symbol “PLAY” since our IPO on October 9, 2014 in the third quarter of fiscal 2014. Prior to that time, there was no public market for our shares. As of March 22, 2017, there were 265 holders of record of our common stock. The following table sets forth the quarterly high and low sales prices of our common stock as reported on NASDAQ.

 

Fiscal 2016

   High      Low  

First Quarter Ended May 1, 2016

   $ 42.12      $ 29.54  

Second Quarter Ended July 31, 2016

   $ 49.90      $ 36.83  

Third Quarter Ended October 30, 2016

   $ 47.30      $ 37.60  

Fourth Quarter Ended January 29, 2017

   $ 58.25      $ 39.15  

Fiscal 2015

   High      Low  

First Quarter Ended May 3, 2015

   $ 34.21      $ 27.76  

Second Quarter Ended August 2, 2015

   $ 39.87      $ 30.84  

Third Quarter Ended November 1, 2015

   $ 43.35      $ 30.84  

Fourth Quarter Ended January 31, 2016

   $ 43.06      $ 32.31  

On January 27, 2017, the closing price of our common stock on NASDAQ was $54.80. Computershare Trust Company, N.A. is the transfer agent and registrar for our common stock.

Dividend Policy

We have not historically declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock. We have elected to retain all available funds to fund the development and growth of our business, reduce debt and repurchase previously issued stock. However, in the future, subject to the factors described below and our future liquidity and capitalization, we may change this policy and choose to pay dividends or further expand our stock repurchase program. The amount of dividends we can pay is limited by the terms of our credit facility and may be further limited by any future indebtedness we incur. Our business is conducted through our principal operating subsidiary, Dave & Buster’s, Inc. (“D&B Inc”). Dividends from and cash generated by D&B Inc will be our principal sources of cash to repay indebtedness, fund operations and pay dividends. Accordingly, our ability to pay dividends to our stockholders is dependent on the earnings and distributions of funds from D&B Inc.

Any future determination to pay dividends or expand share repurchases will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will take into account:

 

    restrictions in agreements governing our indebtedness;

 

    general economic and business conditions;

 

    our financial condition and results of operations;

 

    our capital requirements;

 

    the ability of D&B Inc to pay dividends and make distributions to us; and

 

    other factors as our Board of Directors may deem relevant.

See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

 

28


Table of Contents

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Information regarding repurchase of our common stock during the fourth quarter ended January 29, 2017:

 

Period (1)

   Total Number
of Shares
Repurchased
     Average Price
Paid per Share
     Total Number of Shares
Repurchased as Part of
Publicly Announced Plan (2)
     Approximate Dollar Value of
Shares That May Yet Be
Repurchased Under the Plan
(in thousands) (2)
 

October 31, 2016—November 27, 2016

     42,745      $ 42.22        42,745      $ 90,831  

November 28, 2016—January 1, 2017

     166,370      $ 55.50        166,370      $ 81,598  

January 2, 2017— January 29, 2017

     187,026      $ 55.73        187,026      $ 71,175  

 

(1) Monthly information is presented by reference to our fiscal periods during the fourth quarter ended January 29, 2017.
(2) Effective June 7, 2016, our Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program authorizing up to $100,000 in share repurchases through February 3, 2019, the end of our 2018 fiscal year. The Company may repurchase shares on the open market, through privately negotiated transactions, and through trading plans designed to comply with Rule 10b5-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). The share repurchase program may be modified, suspended or discontinued at any time.

Performance Graph

The graph below and accompanying table matches D&B Entertainment’s cumulative total shareholder return on common stock with cumulative total returns of the NASDAQ Composite Index, S&P 600 Small Cap Index and S&P 600 Consumer Discretionary Index. The graph tracks the performance of a $100 investment in our common stock and in each of the indices (with the reinvestment of dividends) from October 10, 2014 (the date when our common stock first started trading) to January 29, 2017. The indices are included for comparative purposes only. They do not necessarily reflect management’s opinion that such indices are an appropriate measure of the relative performance of our common stock. This graph is furnished and not “filed” with the SEC and it is not “soliciting material”, and should not be incorporated by reference in any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Securities Act”), as amended, or the Exchange Act, whether made before or after the date hereof and irrespective of any general incorporation language in such filings.

 

LOGO

 

29


Table of Contents
     Period Ended  
     10/9/2014      2/1/2015      1/31/2016      1/29/2017  

PLAY

   $ 100.00      $ 179.63      $ 226.69      $ 342.50  

S&P 600 Small Cap

   $ 100.00      $ 110.16      $ 104.99      $ 141.75  

S&P 600 Consumer Discretionary

   $ 100.00      $ 116.77      $ 103.57      $ 121.41  

NASDAQ Composite

   $ 100.00      $ 108.40      $ 107.90      $ 132.38  

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following selected financial data is qualified in entirety by the consolidated financial statements (and the related Notes thereto) contained in Item 8 and should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Item 7. The statement of operations and cash flows data for each of the fiscal years ended January 29, 2017, January 31, 2016, February 1, 2015 and the balance sheet data as of January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016 were derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report. The statement of operations and cash flows data for the fiscal year ended February 2, 2014 and February 3, 2013 and the balance sheet data as of February 1, 2015, February 2, 2014 and February 3, 2013 were derived from our audited consolidated financial statements that are not included elsewhere in this Report. Unless otherwise noted herein, historic share data has been adjusted to give effect of a 224.9835679 for 1 stock split of our common stock which was effective on October 9, 2014.

We operate on a 52 or 53 week fiscal year that ends on the Sunday after the Saturday closest to January 31. Each quarterly period has 13 weeks, except in a 53 week year when the fourth quarter has 14 weeks. All fiscal years presented herein consist of 52 weeks, except fiscal 2012 (ended February 3, 2013), which consists of 53 weeks.

 

    Fiscal Year Ended  
  January 29,
2017
    January 31,
2016
    February 1,
2015
     February 2,
2014
    February 3,
2013
 

Statement of Operations Data:

          

Total revenues

  $ 1,005,158     $ 866,982     $ 746,751      $ 635,579     $ 608,067  

Operating income

    150,516       110,036       73,861        51,039       43,714  

Net income

    90,795       59,619       7,636        2,169       8,782  

Balance sheet data (as of end of period):

          

Cash and cash equivalents

    20,083       25,495       70,876        38,080       36,117  

Working capital (deficit) (1)

    (102,193     (46,567     17,140        (13,700     5,863  

Property and equipment, net

    606,865       523,891       436,048        388,093       337,239  

Total assets (2)

    1,052,733       1,003,701       944,794        854,385       804,511  

Total debt, net (2)

    264,128       337,416       423,496        478,304       461,951  

Stockholders’ equity

    439,452       346,338       258,697        150,448       147,411  

Other data:

          

Capital expenditures

  $ 180,577     $ 162,892     $ 129,688      $ 105,894     $ 78,689  

Stores open at end of period (3)

    92       81       73        66       61  

Stores closed during period

    —         2       1        —         1  

Net income per share of common stock:

          

Basic

  $ 2.16     $ 1.46     $ 0.22      $ 0.07     $ 0.26  

Diluted

  $ 2.10     $ 1.39     $ 0.21      $ 0.06     $ 0.26  

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

          

Basic

    41,951,770       40,968,455       35,314,884        33,187,776       33,186,426  

Diluted

    43,288,592       42,783,905       37,126,048        34,030,115       33,747,535  

 

(1)  Defined as total current assets minus total current liabilities.

 

30


Table of Contents
(2)  Prior year balances have been revised to reflect the impact of adopting Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs, described further in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
(3)  The number of stores open excludes one franchise location in Canada that ceased operations as a Dave & Buster’s on May 31, 2013.

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read together with our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included herein. Unless otherwise specified, the meanings of all defined terms in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” are consistent with the meanings of such terms as defined in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. This discussion contains statements that are, or may be deemed to be, “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, including the terms “believes,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “will” or “should” or, in each case, their negative or other variations or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements include all matters that are not historical facts. They appear in a number of places throughout this Report and include statements regarding our intentions, beliefs or current expectations concerning, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, prospects, growth, strategies and the industry in which we operate.

By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that may or may not occur in the future. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and our actual results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and the development of the industry in which we operate may differ materially from those made in or suggested by the forward-looking statements contained in this annual report as a result of various factors, including those set forth in Item 1A “Risk Factors”. In addition, even if our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and the development of the industry in which we operate are consistent with the forward-looking statements contained in this Report, those results or developments may not be indicative of results or developments in subsequent periods.

General

We are a leading owner and operator of high-volume venues in North America that combine dining and entertainment for both adults and families under the name “Dave & Buster’s”. Founded in 1982, the core of our concept is to offer our customers the opportunity to “Eat Drink Play and Watch” all in one location. Eat and Drink are offered through a full menu of “Fun American New Gourmet” entrées and appetizers and a full selection of non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages. Our Play and Watch offerings provide an extensive assortment of entertainment attractions centered around playing games and watching live sports and other televised events. Our customer mix skews moderately to males, primarily between the ages of 21 and 39, and we believe we also serve as an attractive venue for families with children and teenagers. We believe we appeal to a diverse customer base by providing a highly customizable experience in a dynamic and fun setting.

Our stores average 43,000 square feet, range in size between 16,000 and 66,000 square feet and are open seven days a week, with hours of operation typically from 11:30 a.m. to midnight on Sunday through Thursday and 11:30 a.m. to 2:00 a.m. on Friday and Saturday.

 

31


Table of Contents

Our Growth Strategies and Outlook

Our growth is based primarily on the following strategies:

 

    Pursue disciplined new store growth;

 

    Grow our comparable stores sales; and

 

    Expand the Dave & Buster’s brand internationally.

For further information about our growth strategies and outlook, see Item 1 “Business—Our Growth Strategies”.

Key Measures of Our Performance

We monitor and analyze a number of key performance measures to manage our business and evaluate financial and operating performance. These measures include:

Comparable store sales. Comparable store sales are a year-over-year comparison of sales at stores open at the end of the period which have been open for at least 18 months as of the beginning of each of the fiscal years. It is a key performance indicator used within the industry and is indicative of acceptance of our initiatives as well as local economic and consumer trends. Our comparable stores consisted of 66, 59 and 57 stores as of the end of fiscal 2016, fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014, respectively. Fiscal 2015 comparable store sales exclude sales from our Williamsville (Buffalo), New York location, which closed and relocated in the third quarter of fiscal 2015, and our Farmingdale location, which closed on February 8, 2015. Fiscal 2014 comparable store sales exclude sales from our Kensington/Bethesda, Maryland (“Bethesda”) location, which closed on August 12, 2014.

New store openings. Our ability to expand our business and reach new customers is influenced by the opening of additional stores in both new and existing markets. The success of our new stores is indicative of our brand appeal and the efficacy of our site selection and operating models. During fiscal 2016, we opened eleven new stores.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to the results provided in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), we provide non-GAAP measures which present operating results on an adjusted basis. These are supplemental measures of performance that are not required by or presented in accordance with GAAP and include Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA Margin, Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization and Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margin (defined below). These non-GAAP measures do not represent and should not be considered as an alternative to net income or cash flows from operations, as determined in accordance with GAAP, and our calculations thereof may not be comparable to similarly entitled measures reported by other companies and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures of performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. Although we use these non-GAAP measures to assess the operating performance of our business, they have significant limitations as an analytical tool because they exclude certain material costs. For example, Adjusted EBITDA does not take into account a number of significant items, including our interest expense and depreciation and amortization expense. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA excludes pre-opening and other costs which may be important in analyzing our GAAP results. Because Adjusted EBITDA does not account for these expenses, its utility as a measure of our operating performance has material limitations. Our calculations of Adjusted EBITDA adjust for these amounts because they vary from period to period and do not directly relate to the ongoing operations of the currently underlying business of our stores and therefore complicate comparison of underlying business between periods. Nevertheless, because of the limitations described above management does not view Adjusted EBITDA or Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization in isolation and also uses other measures, such as revenues, gross margin, operating income and net income (loss), to measure operating performance.

 

32


Table of Contents

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin. We define “Adjusted EBITDA” as net income (loss), plus interest expense, net, loss on debt retirement, provision (benefit) for income taxes, depreciation and amortization expense, loss on asset disposal, share-based compensation, pre-opening costs, capital markets transaction costs, currency transaction (gains) losses and other costs. “Adjusted EBITDA Margin” is defined as Adjusted EBITDA divided by total revenues.

Adjusted EBITDA is presented because we believe that it provides useful information to investors, analysts and rating agencies regarding our operating performance. By reporting Adjusted EBITDA, we provide a basis for comparison of our business operations between current, past and future periods by excluding items that we do not believe are indicative of our core operating performance.

Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization and Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margin. We define “Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization” as operating income (loss), plus depreciation and amortization expense, general and administrative expenses and pre-opening costs. “Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margin” is defined as Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization divided by total revenues. Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margin allows us to evaluate operating performance of each store across stores of varying size and volume.

We believe that Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization is another useful measure in evaluating our operating performance because it removes the impact of general and administrative expenses, which are not incurred at the store-level, and the costs of opening new stores, which are non-recurring at the store-level, and thereby enables the comparability of the operating performance of our stores for the periods presented. We also believe that Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization is a useful measure in evaluating our operating performance within the entertainment and dining industry because it permits the evaluation of store-level productivity, efficiency and performance, and we use Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization as a means of evaluating store financial performance compared with our competitors. However, because this measure excludes significant items such as general and administrative expenses and pre-opening costs, as well as our interest expense, net and depreciation and amortization expense, which are important in evaluating our consolidated financial performance from period to period, the value of this measure is limited as a measure of our consolidated financial performance.

Presentation of Operating Results

We operate on a 52 or 53 week fiscal year that ends on the Sunday after the Saturday closest to January 31. Each quarterly period has 13 weeks, except in a 53 week year when the fourth quarter has 14 weeks. Fiscal 2016, 2015, and 2014, which ended on January 29, 2017, January 31, 2016 and February 1, 2015, respectively, each contained 52 weeks. All dollar amounts are presented in thousands, unless otherwise noted, except share and per share amounts.

Key Line Item Descriptions

Revenues. Total revenues consist of food and beverage revenues as well as amusement and other revenues. Beverage revenues refer to alcoholic beverages. Our revenue growth is primarily influenced by the number of new store openings and growth in comparable store revenues. Comparable store revenue growth reflects the change in year-over-year revenue for the comparable store base and is an important measure of store performance. Comparable store sales growth can be generated by increases in average dollars spent per customer and improvements in customer traffic.

 

33


Table of Contents

We continually monitor the success of current food and beverage items, the availability of new menu offerings, the menu price structure and our ability to adjust prices where competitively appropriate. With respect to the beverage component, we operate fully licensed facilities which offer full beverage service, including alcoholic beverages, throughout each store.

Our stores offer an extensive array of amusements and entertainment options, with typically over 150 redemption and simulation games. We also offer traditional pocket billiards and shuffleboard in many locations. Redemption games offer our customers the opportunity to win tickets that can be redeemed for prizes in the WIN! area, ranging from branded novelty items to high-end home electronics. Our redemption games include basic games of skill, such as skeeball and basketball, as well as competitive racing, and individual electronic games of skill. We review the amount of game play on existing amusements in an effort to match amusements availability with customer preferences. We intend to continue to invest in new games as they become available and prove to be attractive to our customers. Our unique venue allows us to provide our customers with value driven food and amusement combination offerings including our Eat & Play Combo (a promotion that provides a discounted Power Card in combination with select entrées), Super Charge Power Card offerings (when purchasing or adding value to a Power Card, the customer is given the opportunity to add more chips to the Power Card at a lower cost per chip amount), Half-Price Game Play (every Wednesday, from open to close, we reduce the price of every game in the Midway by one-half), and Everyone’s a Winner (a limited-time offer providing a prize to every customer that purchases or adds value to a Power Card in the amount of ten dollars or more). We also offer various food and beverage discounts during key sports viewing times. In addition, from time to time we have limited time offers which allow our customers to play certain new games for free as a way to introduce those new games.

Our D&B Sports concept, currently incorporated in approximately 80% of our store base, provides an attractive opportunity to market our broader platform to new and existing customers through a year-round calendar of programming and promotions tied to popular sporting events and sport-related activities. Large television screens, comfortable seating, a full menu of food and beverages and artwork often featuring images of local sports teams and sports icons help create an exciting environment for watching sports programming.

The special events portion of our business represented 10.3% of our total revenues in the year ended January 29, 2017. We believe our special events business is an important sampling and promotional opportunity for our customers because many customers are experiencing Dave & Buster’s for the first time. Accordingly, a considerable emphasis is placed on the special events portion of our business.

Cost of products. Cost of products includes the cost of food, beverages and the amusement redemption items. The cost of products is driven by product mix and pricing movements from third-party suppliers. The cost of products as a percentage of the related revenues is impacted by the underlying product cost as well as menu pricing. We continually strive to gain efficiencies in both the acquisition and use of products while maintaining high standards of product quality.

Operating payroll and benefits. Operating payroll and benefits consist of wages, employer taxes and benefits for store personnel. We continually review the opportunity for labor efficiencies, principally through scheduling refinements.

Other store operating expenses. Other store operating expenses consist primarily of store-related occupancy, supply and outside service expenses, utilities, repair and maintenance and marketing and promotional costs.

General and administrative expenses. General and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel, facilities and professional expenses for the various departments of our corporate headquarters as well as share-based compensation expense.

 

34


Table of Contents

Depreciation and amortization expense. Depreciation and amortization expense includes the depreciation of property and equipment and the amortization of trademarks with finite lives.

Pre-opening costs. Pre-opening costs include costs associated with the opening and organizing of new stores, including pre-opening rent (rent expense recognized during the period between date of possession and the store’s opening date), staff training and recruiting, and travel costs for employees engaged in such pre-opening activities.

Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net includes the cost of our debt obligations including the amortization of loan fees, net of any interest income earned or interest expense capitalized and the change in the fair value of the interest rate cap.

Loss on debt retirement. Loss on debt retirement consists of the write-off of unamortized loan costs and other fees associated with the refinancing of our debt. It also includes losses associated with the early prepayment of debt with proceeds from our IPO in fiscal 2014.

Provision for income taxes. Provision for income taxes represents current and deferred income taxes in federal, state, and foreign jurisdictions.

Liquidity and Cash Flows

The primary source of cash flow is from our operating activities and availability under the revolving credit facility.

Store-Level Variability, Quarterly Fluctuations, Seasonality and Inflation

We have historically operated stores varying in size and have experienced significant variability among stores in volumes, operating results and net investment costs.

Our new locations typically open with sales volumes in excess of their expected long term run-rate levels, which we refer to as a “honeymoon” effect. We expect our new store sales volumes in year two to be 10% to 20% lower than our year one targets, and to grow in line with the rest of our comparable store base thereafter. As a result of the substantial revenues associated with each new store, the number and timing of new store openings will result in significant fluctuations in quarterly results.

In the first year of operation new store operating margins (excluding pre-opening expenses) typically benefit from honeymoon sales leverage on occupancy, management labor and other fixed costs. This benefit is partially offset by normal inefficiencies in hourly labor and other costs associated with establishing a new location. In year two, operating margins may decline due to the loss of honeymoon sales leverage on fixed costs which is partially offset by improvements in store operating efficiency. Furthermore, rents in our new stores are typically higher than our comparable store base. We expect our new store margins on Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization (excluding allocated marketing costs) in year two to be up to four percentage points lower in the second full year of operations than our year one targets, and to grow in line with the rest of our comparable store base thereafter.

We also expect seasonality to be a factor in the operation or results of the business in the future with higher first and fourth quarter revenues associated with the spring and year-end holidays. These quarters will continue to be susceptible to the impact of severe weather on customer traffic and sales during that period. Our third quarter, which encompasses the back-to-school fall season, has historically had lower revenues as compared to the other quarters.

 

35


Table of Contents

We expect that volatile economic conditions will continue to exert pressure on both supplier pricing and consumer spending related to entertainment and dining alternatives. Although there is no assurance that our cost of products will remain stable or that federal, state or local minimum wage rates will not increase beyond amounts currently legislated, the effects of any supplier price increases or minimum wage rate increases are expected to be partially offset by selected menu price increases where competitively appropriate.

Fiscal 2016 Compared to Fiscal 2015

Results of operations. The following table sets forth selected data, in thousands of dollars and as a percentage of total revenues (unless otherwise noted) for the periods indicated. All information is derived from the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

 

     Fiscal Year Ended
January 29, 2017
    Fiscal Year Ended
January 31, 2016
 

Food and beverage revenues

   $ 452,140        45.0   $ 405,841        46.8

Amusement and other revenues

     553,018        55.0       461,141        53.2  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     1,005,158        100.0       866,982        100.0  

Cost of food and beverage (as a percentage of food and beverage revenues)

     114,946        25.4       104,757        25.8  

Cost of amusement and other (as a percentage of amusement and other revenues)

     65,354        11.8       58,053        12.6  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cost of products

     180,300        17.9       162,810        18.8  

Operating payroll and benefits

     228,827        22.8       200,129        23.1  

Other store operating expenses

     287,322        28.6       250,186        28.8  

General and administrative expenses

     54,474        5.4       53,600        6.2  

Depreciation and amortization expense

     88,305        8.8       78,660        9.1  

Pre-opening costs

     15,414        1.5       11,561        1.3  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating costs

     854,642        85.0       756,946        87.3  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income

     150,516        15.0       110,036        12.7  

Interest expense, net

     6,985        0.7       11,464        1.3  

Loss on debt retirement

     —          —         6,822        0.8  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

     143,531        14.3       91,750        10.6  

Provision for income taxes

     52,736        5.3       32,131        3.7  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 90,795        9.0   $ 59,619        6.9
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Change in comparable store sales (1)

        3.3        8.9

Company-owned stores open at end of period (2)

        92          81  

Comparable stores open at end of period (1)

        66          59  

 

(1)  “Comparable store sales” (year-over-year comparison of stores operating at the end of the fiscal period and open at least 18 months as of the beginning of each of the fiscal years) is a key performance indicator used within the industry and is indicative of acceptance of our initiatives as well as local economic and consumer trends.

 

36


Table of Contents
(2) Our new store openings during the last two fiscal years were as follows:

 

Fiscal Year Ended January 29, 2017

    

Fiscal Year Ended January 31, 2016

 

Location

   Opening Date     

Location

   Opening Date  

Rochester, NY

     3/7/2016     

Pelham Manor (metro New York City), NY

     4/27/2015  

El Paso, TX

     4/11/2016      Euless (Dallas), TX      5/3/2015  

Capitol Heights (Baltimore), MD

     4/25/2016      Kentwood (Grand Rapids), MI      5/18/2015  

Little Rock, AR

     6/13/2016      Woburn (Boston), MA      5/26/2015  

Florence, KY

     6/27/2016      Edina (Minneapolis), MN      8/3/2015  

Summerlin (Las Vegas), NV

     8/8/2016      Buffalo, NY      10/1/2015  

Fresno, CA

     10/17/2016      Friendswood (Houston), TX      11/16/2015  

Toledo, OH

     10/31/2016      Glendale (Phoenix), AZ      11/23/2015  

Silver Spring (Greater DC), MD

     11/21/2016      Springfield (Greater DC), VA      12/21/2015  

Oakville (Toronto), Canada

     12/5/2016      San Antonio, TX      1/18/2016  

Daly City (San Francisco), CA

     12/15/2016        

Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA

The following table reconciles Net income to Adjusted EBITDA for the periods indicated:

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29,
2017
    Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31,
2016
 

Net income

   $ 90,795     $ 59,619  

Interest expense, net

     6,985       11,464  

Loss on debt retirement

     —         6,822  

Provision for income tax

     52,736       32,131  

Depreciation and amortization expense

     88,305       78,660  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

EBITDA

     238,821       188,696  

Loss on asset disposal

     1,533       1,411  

Share-based compensation

     5,828       4,109  

Pre-opening costs

     15,414       11,561  

Transaction and other costs (1)

     (73     2,068  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA (2)

   $ 261,523     $ 207,845  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

     26.0     24.0

 

  (1)  Primarily represents costs related to currency transaction (gains) or losses, capital market transactions and store closure costs.
  (2)  Beginning in the fourth quarter of 2016 we revised our calculation of Adjusted EBITDA to exclude adjustments for changes in deferred amusement revenue and ticket liabilities. This change has been applied retrospectively to all periods presented.

 

37


Table of Contents

Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization

The following table reconciles operating income to Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization for the periods indicated:

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29,
2017
    Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31,
2016
 

Operating income

   $ 150,516     $ 110,036  

General and administrative expenses

     54,474       53,600  

Depreciation and amortization expense

     88,305       78,660  

Pre-opening costs

     15,414       11,561  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization

   $ 308,709     $ 253,857  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margin

     30.7     29.3

Capital Additions

The following table represents total accrual-based additions to property and equipment. Total capital additions do not include any reductions for accrual-based tenant improvement allowances or proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions (collectively, “Payments from landlords”).

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29,
2017
     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31,
2016
 

New store

   $ 135,476      $ 120,648  

Operating initiatives, including remodels

     20,919        22,106  

Games

     19,809        9,870  

Maintenance Capital

     15,983        14,712  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total capital additions

   $ 192,187      $ 167,336  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Payments from landlords

   $ 46,262      $ 29,754  

Results of Operations

Revenues

Total revenues increased $138,176, or 15.9%, to $1,005,158 in fiscal 2016 compared to total revenues of $866,982 in fiscal 2015. For the year ended January 29, 2017, we derived 30.4% of our total revenue from food sales, 14.6% from beverage sales, 54.2% from amusement sales and 0.8% from other sources. For the year ended January 31, 2016, we derived 31.6% of our total revenue from food sales, 15.2% from beverage sales, 52.4% from amusement sales and 0.8% from other sources.

The increased revenues in fiscal 2016 were from the following sources:

 

Comparable stores

   $ 25,587  

Non-comparable stores

     112,023  

Other

     566  
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 138,176  
  

 

 

 

Comparable store revenue increased $25,587, or 3.3%, in fiscal 2016 compared to fiscal 2015. The increase in comparable store revenue over prior year is primarily attributed to growth in amusement sales. Comparable

 

38


Table of Contents

walk-in revenues, which accounted for 88.9% of comparable store revenue for fiscal 2016, increased $23,550, or 3.5% compared to fiscal 2015. Comparable store special events revenues, which accounted for 11.1% of consolidated comparable store revenue for fiscal 2016, increased $2,037, or 2.4% compared to fiscal 2015.

Food sales at comparable stores decreased by $817, or 0.3%, to $240,998 for fiscal 2016 from $241,815 in fiscal 2015. Beverage sales at comparable stores decreased by $381, or 0.3%, to $114,547 for fiscal 2016 from $114,928 in fiscal 2015. The decrease in food and beverage sales at comparable stores is attributed to lower customer volumes and was partially offset by an overall increase in menu prices. Comparable store amusement and other revenues in fiscal 2016 increased by $26,785, or 6.5%, to $436,427 from $409,642 in fiscal 2015, due to an increase in both the number of Power Cards sold and the revenue per Power Card sold. The growth over fiscal 2015 in amusement sales was driven in part, by national advertising, which highlighted our new game offerings (including games available only at Dave & Buster’s stores), and the return of our “Everyone’s a Winner” promotion and “Summer of Games” campaign, which featured nine new games.

Non-comparable store revenue increased $112,023, or 106.8%, for fiscal 2016 compared to fiscal 2015. The increase in non-comparable store revenue was primarily driven by 532 net additional operating store weeks contributed by our twenty-six non-comparable stores.

Cost of products

The total cost of products was $180,300 for fiscal 2016 and $162,810 for fiscal 2015. The total cost of products as a percentage of total revenues was 17.9% and 18.8% for fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively. For the year ended January 29, 2017, the cost of food products was 26.1% of food revenue, the cost of beverage products was 23.9% of beverage revenue, and the amusement and other cost of products was 11.8% of amusement and other revenues. For the year ended January 31, 2016, the cost of food products was 26.9% of food revenue, the cost of beverage products was 23.6% of beverage revenue, and the amusement and other cost of products was 12.6% of amusement and other revenues.

Cost of food and beverage products increased to $114,946 in fiscal 2016 compared to $104,757 for fiscal 2015 due primarily to the increased sales volume related to new store openings. Cost of food and beverage products, as a percentage of food and beverage revenues, decreased 40 basis points to 25.4% for fiscal 2016 from 25.8% for fiscal 2015. The decrease in the cost of food and beverage as a percentage of revenues is primarily due to lower cost of commodities in our meat, seafood and poultry categories.

Cost of amusement and other increased to $65,354 in fiscal 2016 compared to $58,053 in fiscal 2015. The costs of amusement and other, as a percentage of amusement and other revenues, decreased 80 basis points to 11.8% for fiscal 2016 from 12.6% for fiscal 2015. This decrease was due primarily to reduced paper ticket costs for our redemption games resulting from our “e-ticket” initiative, which was implemented during the first half of fiscal 2015.

Operating payroll and benefits

For the year ended January 29, 2017, hourly wages represented 55.6% of operating payroll and benefits costs, 25.8% related to management labor and 18.6% represented expenses for payroll taxes, benefits and store-level incentive compensation. For the year ended January 31, 2016, hourly wages represented 54.0% of operating payroll and benefits costs, 25.5% related to management labor and 20.5% represented expenses for payroll taxes, benefits and store-level incentive compensation. Total operating payroll and benefits increased by $28,698, or 14.3%, to $228,827 in fiscal 2016 compared to $200,129 in fiscal 2015. This increase was primarily due to labor associated with the 532 net additional operating store weeks of our twenty-six non-comparable stores and was partially offset by an approximately $2,200 decrease in store-level incentive compensation. The total cost of

 

39


Table of Contents

operating payroll and benefits, as a percentage of total revenues, decreased 30 basis points to 22.8% in fiscal 2016 compared to 23.1% for fiscal 2015. This decrease was due, in part, to store-level incentive compensation and payroll related benefits which decreased approximately 50 basis points, partially offset by a hourly wage rate increases of approximately 4.7% and normal labor inefficiencies associated with our non-comparable store base.

Other store operating expenses

Other store operating expenses increased by $37,136, or 14.8%, to $287,322 in fiscal 2016 compared to $250,186 in fiscal 2015, primarily due to new store openings and higher costs of marketing due to strategic shifts in media purchasing and increases in the underlying price of the media. Other store operating expenses as a percentage of total revenues decreased 20 basis points to 28.6% in fiscal 2016 compared to 28.8% in fiscal 2015. The favorable basis point reduction was due primarily to favorable leverage of utilities, repairs and occupancy expense on increased revenue partially offset by increased credit card chargebacks.

General and administrative expenses

General and administrative expenses increased by $874, or 1.6%, to $54,474 in fiscal 2016 compared to $53,600 in fiscal 2015. The increase was driven primarily by incremental compensation costs related to our 2015 and 2016 share-based awards partially offset by the absence of costs associated with fiscal 2015 capital market transactions. General and administrative expenses, as a percentage of total revenues, decreased by 80 basis points to 5.4% in fiscal 2016 compared to 6.2% in fiscal 2015, as a result of favorable leverage on increased sales.

Depreciation and amortization expense

Depreciation and amortization expense increased by $9,645, or 12.3%, to $88,305 in fiscal 2016 compared to $78,660 in fiscal 2015. Increased depreciation due to our 2015 and 2016 capital expenditures for new stores, operating initiatives, including remodels, games and maintenance capital, was partially offset by other assets reaching the end of their depreciable lives.

Pre-opening costs

Pre-opening costs increased by $3,853 to $15,414 in fiscal 2016 compared to $11,561 in fiscal 2015 due to the number and timing of new store openings.

Interest expense, net

Interest expense, net decreased by $4,479 to $6,985 in fiscal 2016 compared to $11,464 in fiscal 2015 due primarily to a reduction in outstanding debt and lower interest rates as a result of the May 15, 2015 debt refinancing (see “Liquidity and Capital Resources” for further discussion).

Loss on debt retirement

During fiscal 2015, in connection with the May 15, 2015 debt refinancing (see “Liquidity and Capital Resources” for further discussion), the Company recorded a charge of $6,822. This charge includes non-cash charges of $6,790 resulting from the write off of certain unamortized debt issuance costs and the unamortized discount associated with the prior credit facility and $32 of legal expenses.

Provision for income taxes

Our effective tax rate was 36.7% for fiscal 2016 compared to 35.0% for fiscal 2015. The increase in our effective tax rate is primarily due to the impact of state taxes. The 2016 income tax expense was substantially driven by our improved pre-tax income which resulted from the collective impact of the operating factors and

 

40


Table of Contents

reduced debt-related expenses previously discussed. Our effective tax rate differs from the statutory rate due to the FICA tip credits, state income taxes and the impact of certain income and expense items which are not recognized for income tax purposes.

Fiscal 2015 Compared to Fiscal 2014

Results of Operations The following table sets forth selected data, in thousands of dollars and as a percentage of total revenues (unless otherwise noted) for the periods indicated. All information is derived from the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

 

     Fiscal Year Ended
January 31, 2016
    Fiscal Year Ended
February 1, 2015
 

Food and beverage revenues

   $ 405,841        46.8   $ 359,125        48.1

Amusement and other revenues

     461,141        53.2       387,626        51.9  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     866,982        100.0       746,751        100.0  

Cost of food and beverage (as a percentage of food and beverage revenues)

     104,757        25.8       92,122        25.7  

Cost of amusement and other (as a percentage of amusement and other revenues)

     58,053        12.6       54,353        14.0  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cost of products

     162,810        18.8       146,475        19.6  

Operating payroll and benefits

     200,129        23.1       175,709        23.5  

Other store operating expenses

     250,186        28.8       225,763        30.2  

General and administrative expenses

     53,600        6.2       44,574        6.0  

Depreciation and amortization expense

     78,660        9.1       70,868        9.5  

Pre-opening costs

     11,561        1.3       9,501        1.3  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating costs

     756,946        87.3       672,890        90.1  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income

     110,036        12.7       73,861        9.9  

Interest expense, net

     11,464        1.3       34,789        4.7  

Loss on debt retirement

     6,822        0.8       27,578        3.7  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

     91,750        10.6       11,494        1.5  

Provision for income taxes

     32,131        3.7       3,858        0.5  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 59,619        6.9   $ 7,636        1.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Change in comparable store sales (1)

        8.9        7.3

Company-owned stores open at end of period (2)

        81          73  

Comparable stores open at end of period (1)

        59          57  

 

(1)  “Comparable store sales” (year-over-year comparison of stores operating at the end of the fiscal period and open at least 18 months as of the beginning of each of the fiscal years) is a key performance indicator used within the industry and is indicative of acceptance of our initiatives as well as local economic and consumer trends. Fiscal 2015 comparable stores exclude our Williamsville (Buffalo), New York location, which closed and relocated during the third quarter of fiscal 2015, our Farmingdale location, which permanently closed on February 8, 2015 and our Bethesda location, which permanently closed on August 12, 2014. Fiscal 2014 comparable stores exclude our Bethesda location.

 

41


Table of Contents
(2)  Our fiscal 2015 store count excludes our Williamsville, Farmingdale and Bethesda locations. Our Fiscal 2014 store count excludes our Bethesda location. Our new store openings during the last two fiscal years were as follows:

 

Fiscal Year Ended January 31, 2016

    

Fiscal Year Ended February 1, 2015

 

Location

   Opening Date     

Location

   Opening Date  

Pelham Manor (metro New York City), NY

     4/27/2015      Westchester (Los Angeles), CA      2/19/2014  

Euless (Dallas), TX

     5/3/2015      Vernon Hills (Chicago), IL      3/26/2014  

Kentwood (Grand Rapids), MI

     5/18/2015      Panama City Beach, FL      5/26/2014  

Woburn (Boston), MA

     5/26/2015      Los Angeles, CA      8/25/2014  

Edina (Minneapolis), MN

     8/3/2015      Manchester (Hartford), CT      9/22/2014  

Buffalo, NY

     10/1/2015      Albuquerque, NM      11/3/2014  

Friendswood (Houston), TX

     11/16/2015      Clackamas (Portland), OR      11/10/2014  

Glendale (Phoenix), AZ

     11/23/2015      Greenville, SC      11/17/2014  

Springfield (Greater DC), VA

     12/21/2015        

San Antonio, TX

     1/18/2016        

Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA

The following table reconciles Net income to Adjusted EBITDA for the periods indicated:

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31,
2016
    Fiscal Year
Ended
February 1,
2015
 

Net income

   $ 59,619     $ 7,636  

Interest expense, net

     11,464       34,789  

Loss on debt retirement

     6,822       27,578  

Provision for income tax

     32,131       3,858  

Depreciation and amortization expense

     78,660       70,868  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

EBITDA

     188,696       144,729  

Loss on asset disposal

     1,411       1,771  

Share-based compensation

     4,109       2,212  

Pre-opening costs

     11,561       9,501  

Transaction and other costs (1)

     2,068       2,817  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA (2)

     207,845     $ 161,030  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

     24.0     21.6

 

(1)  Primarily represents costs related to currency transaction (gains) or losses, capital market transactions and store closure costs.
(2)  Beginning in the fourth quarter of 2016 we revised our calculation of Adjusted EBITDA to exclude adjustments for changes in deferred amusement revenue and ticket liabilities. This change has been applied retrospectively to all periods presented.

 

42


Table of Contents

Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization

The following table reconciles operating income to Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization for the periods indicated:

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31,
2016
    Fiscal Year
Ended
February 1,
2015
 

Operating income

   $ 110,036     $ 73,861  

General and administrative expenses

     53,600       44,574  

Depreciation and amortization expense

     78,660       70,868  

Pre-opening costs

     11,561       9,501  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amotization

   $ 253,857     $ 198,804  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Store Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization Margin

     29.3     26.6

Capital Additions

The following table represents total accrual-based additions to property and equipment. Total capital additions do not include any reductions for tenant improvement allowances received or receivable from landlords, which are listed as “Payments from landlords” in the table.

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31,
2016
     Fiscal Year
Ended
February 1,
2015
 

New store

   $ 120,648      $ 77,489  

Operating initiatives, including remodels

     22,106        16,778  

Games

     9,870        12,314  

Maintenance Capital

     14,712        13,296  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total capital additions

   $ 167,336      $ 119,877  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Payments from landlords

   $ 29,754      $ 22,035  

Results of Operations

Revenues

Total revenues increased $120,231, or 16.1%, to $866,982 in fiscal 2015 compared to total revenues of $746,751 in fiscal 2014. For the year ended January 31, 2016, we derived 31.6% of our total revenue from food sales, 15.2% from beverage sales, 52.4% from amusement sales and 0.8% from other sources. For the year ended February 1, 2015, we derived 32.5% of our total revenue from food sales, 15.6% from beverage sales, 51.1% from amusement sales and 0.8% from other sources.

The increased revenues were derived from the following sources:

 

Comparable stores

   $ 57,000  

Non-comparable stores

     65,300  

Other

     (2,069
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 120,231  
  

 

 

 

 

43


Table of Contents

Comparable store revenue increased $57,000, or 8.9% in fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014. Comparable walk-in revenues, which accounted for 88.6% of comparable store revenue for fiscal 2015, increased $54,844, or 9.8% compared to fiscal 2014. Comparable store special events revenues, which accounted for 11.4% of consolidated comparable store revenue for fiscal 2015, increased $2,156, or 2.8% compared to fiscal 2014. The increase in comparable store revenue over prior year can be attributed to many factors including the continued focus on sports viewing, new game launches which were linked with movie and entertainment properties and our new offerings in each of the “Eat Drink Play and Watch” pillars promoted through national advertising.

Food sales at comparable stores increased by $12,245, or 5.9%, to $219,790 for fiscal 2015 from $207,545 in fiscal 2014. Beverage sales at comparable stores increased by $5,849, or 5.9%, to $105,362 for fiscal 2015 from $99,513 in 2014. Fiscal 2015 comparable store sales growth was led by amusement and other revenues which increased by $38,906, or 11.7%, to $371,123 from $332,217 in 2014. The growth over 2014 in amusement sales was driven by national advertising, which highlighted our games, including exclusive game launches, and a continued succession of game promotions with the return of our “Everyone’s a Winner” and our “Summer of Games” campaigns.

Non-comparable store revenue increased $65,300, or 59.5%, for fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014. The increase in non-comparable store revenue was primarily driven by 433 additional store weeks contributed by our 2014 and 2015 openings compared to fiscal 2014, and partially offset by a decrease in revenue due to the closure of our Bethesda and Farmingdale locations on August 12, 2014 and February 8, 2015, respectively.

Cost of products

The total cost of products was $162,810 for fiscal 2015 and $146,475 for fiscal 2014. The total cost of products as a percentage of total revenues was 18.8% and 19.6% for fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014, respectively. For the fiscal year ended January 31, 2016, the cost of food products was 26.9% of food revenue, the cost of beverage products was 23.6% of beverage revenue, and the amusement and other cost of products was 12.6% of amusement and other revenues. For the fiscal year ended February 1, 2015, the cost of food products was 26.6% of food revenue, the cost of beverage products was 23.7% of beverage revenue, and the amusement and other cost of products was 14.0% of amusement and other revenues.

Cost of food and beverage products increased to $104,757 in fiscal 2015 compared to $92,122 for fiscal 2014 due primarily to the increased sales volume. Cost of food and beverage products, as a percentage of food and beverage revenues, increased 10 basis points to 25.8% for fiscal 2015 from 25.7% for fiscal 2014. The increase in the cost of food and beverage as a percentage of revenues is primarily due to increased cost in our meat and poultry categories partially offset by savings in seafood.

Cost of amusement and other increased to $58,053 in fiscal 2015 compared to $54,353 in fiscal 2014. The costs of amusement and other, as a percentage of amusement and other revenues, decreased 140 basis points to 12.6% for fiscal 2015 from 14.0% for fiscal 2014. This decrease was due, in part, to a slight shift to non-redemption games and reduced paper ticket costs for our redemption games resulting from our “e-ticket” initiative. These cost reductions were partially offset by increased expenses associated with our provision for estimated ticket redemption liability.

Operating payroll and benefits

For the year ended January 31, 2016, 54.0% of operating payroll and benefits costs were for hourly wages, 25.5% related to management labor and 20.5% represented expenses for payroll taxes, benefits and store-level incentive compensation. For the year ended February 1, 2015, hourly labor wage expense totaled 53.3% of operating payroll and benefits costs, management labor expense represented 25.7% and payroll taxes, benefits and store-level incentive compensation costs made up 21.0% of the expense. Operating payroll and benefits increased by $24,420, or 13.9%, to $200,129 in fiscal 2015 compared to $175,709 in fiscal 2014, primarily due to

 

44


Table of Contents

new store openings and increased compensation due to operating performance. The total cost of operating payroll and benefits, as a percentage of total revenues, decreased 40 basis points to 23.1% in fiscal 2015 compared to 23.5% for fiscal 2014 as a result of leverage on increased sales.

Other store operating expenses

Other store operating expenses increased by $24,423, or 10.8%, to $250,186 in fiscal 2015 compared to $225,763 in fiscal 2014, primarily due to new store openings. Other store operating expenses, as a percentage of total revenues, decreased 140 basis points to 28.8% in fiscal 2015 compared to 30.2% in fiscal 2014 due primarily to favorable leverage of occupancy related costs and marketing expenses on increased revenue.

General and administrative expenses

General and administrative expenses increased by $9,026, or 20.2%, to $53,600 in fiscal 2015 compared to $44,574 in fiscal 2014. The increase in general and administrative expenses was driven by increased labor costs at our corporate headquarters and incremental shared-based compensation costs related to additional grants of stock options and performance-based restricted stock units, during fiscal 2015. Additionally, current year costs were impacted by professional fees associated with post-IPO public company costs, international development initiatives and legal fees related to litigation. General and administrative expenses, as a percentage of total revenues, increased by 20 basis points to 6.2% in fiscal 2015 compared to 6.0% in fiscal 2014, due to the same reasons noted above.

Depreciation and amortization expense

Depreciation and amortization expense increased by $7,792, or 11.0%, to $78,660 in fiscal 2015 compared to $70,868 in fiscal 2014. Increased depreciation due to our 2014 and 2015 capital expenditures for new stores, operating initiatives, including remodels, games and maintenance capital, was partially offset by other assets reaching the end of their depreciable lives.

Pre-opening costs

Pre-opening costs increased by $2,060 to $11,561 in fiscal 2015 compared to $9,501 in fiscal 2014 due to the number and timing of new store openings and sites under construction.

Interest expense, net

Interest expense, net decreased by $23,325 to $11,464 in fiscal 2015 compared to $34,789 in fiscal 2014 due to refinancing of outstanding debt and the use of IPO proceeds described in “Liquidity and Capital Resources” and “Cash Flows”.

Loss on debt retirement

In connection with the May 15, 2015 debt refinancing (see “Liquidity and Capital Resources” for further discussion), the Company recorded a charge of $6,822. This charge includes non-cash charges of $6,790 resulting from the write off of certain unamortized debt issuance costs and the unamortized discount associated with the prior credit facility and $32 of legal expenses. In fiscal 2014, the Company refinanced its debt and recorded a charge of $27,578. This charge includes non-cash charges of $8,580 resulting from the write off of certain unamortized debt issuance costs and the unamortized discount associated with the outstanding credit facility at that time and $18,998 of cash payments primarily related to the early redemption of senior notes and senior discount notes, plus legal expenses.

 

45


Table of Contents

Provision for income taxes

Income tax expense for 2015 was $32,131 compared to $3,858 for fiscal 2014. The 2015 income tax expense was substantially driven by our improved pre-tax income which resulted from the collective impact of the operating factors and reduced debt-related expenses previously discussed. Our effective tax rate differs from the statutory rate due to the FICA tip credits, state income taxes and the impact of certain income and expense items which are not recognized for income tax purposes. Our effective tax rate was 35.0% for fiscal 2015 as compared to 33.7% for fiscal 2014 due primarily to the impact of available tax credits.

Quarterly Results of Operations and Seasonality

The following table sets forth certain unaudited financial and operating data in each fiscal quarter during fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015. The unaudited quarterly information includes all normal recurring adjustments that we consider necessary for a fair presentation of the information shown. This information should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this Report.

 

    Fiscal 2016 – Period Ended (1)
(unaudited)
    Fiscal 2015 – Period Ended (1)
(unaudited)
 
    Jan 29,
2017
    Oct 30,
2016
    Jul 31,
2016
    May 1,
2016
    Jan 31,
2016
    Nov 1,
2015
    Aug 2,
2015
    May 3,
2015
 

Food and beverage revenues

  $ 126,001       101,343       107,672       117,124     $ 113,237       89,826       99,213       103,565  

Amusement and other revenues

    144,181       127,316       136,658       144,863       120,978       102,927       118,126       119,110  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

    270,182       228,659       244,330       261,987       234,215       192,753       217,339       222,675  

Cost of food and beverage

    31,174       26,560       27,573       29,639       28,522       23,575       25,880       26,780  

Cost of amusement and other

    16,726       15,581       16,535       16,512       14,371       12,842       15,074       15,766  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs of products

    47,900       42,141       44,108       46,151       42,893       36,417       40,954       42,546  

Operating payroll and benefits

    62,213       55,034       55,203       56,377       53,008       48,048       50,081       48,992  

Other store operating expenses

    72,835       71,888       71,069       71,530       61,417       63,762       63,813       61,194  

General and administrative expense

    14,343       13,506       13,585       13,040       14,615       12,640       13,501       12,844  

Depreciation and amortization expense

    23,197       22,864       21,434       20,810       20,413       20,032       19,638       18,577  

Pre-opening costs

    5,024       4,553       2,932       2,905       3,807       2,395       2,585       2,774  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating costs

    225,512       209,986       208,331       210,813       196,153       183,294       190,572       186,927  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

    44,670       18,673       35,999       51,174       38,062       9,459       26,767       35,748  

Interest expense, net

    1,412       1,578       1,885       2,110       2,407       2,184       2,223       4,650  

Loss on debt retirement

    —         —         —         —         —         —         6,822       —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

    43,258       17,095       34,114       49,064       35,655       7,275       17,722       31,098  

Provision for income taxes

    15,891       6,340       12,602       17,903       12,705       2,721       5,149       11,556  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

  $ 27,367     $ 10,755     $ 21,512     $ 31,161     $ 22,950     $ 4,554     $ 12,573     $ 19,542  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stores open at end of period (2)

    92       88       86       84       81       77       76       74  

Quarterly total revenues as a percentage of annual total revenues

    26.9     22.7     24.3     26.1     27.0     22.2     25.1     25.7

Change in comparable store sales

    3.2     5.9     1.0     3.6     6.0     8.8     11.0     9.9

 

(1)  We operate on a 52 or 53 week fiscal year. Each quarterly period has 13 weeks, except for a 53 week year when the fourth quarter has 14 weeks. Our fiscal years ended January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016 both consist of 52 weeks.
(2)  Our store counts have been adjusted downward for store closures.

 

46


Table of Contents

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview

We finance our activities through cash flow from operations and availability under our existing credit facility. As of January 29, 2017, we had cash and cash equivalents of $20,083, net working capital deficit of $102,193 and outstanding debt obligations of $264,750. We also had $218,984 in borrowing availability under our credit facility.

We currently have, and anticipate that in the future we may continue to have, negative working capital balances. We are able to operate with a working capital deficit because cash from sales is usually received before related liabilities for product, supplies, labor and services become due. Funds available from sales not needed immediately to pay for operating expenses have typically been used for capital expenditures and payment of long-term debt obligations.

Short-term liquidity requirements. We generally consider our short-term liquidity requirements to consist of those items that are expected to be incurred within the next twelve months and believe those requirements to consist primarily of funds necessary to pay operating expenses, interest and principal payments on our debt, capital expenditures related to the new store construction and other expenditures associated with acquiring new games, remodeling facilities and recurring replacement of equipment and improvements.

As of January 29, 2017, we expect our short-term liquidity requirements to include (a) approximately $156,000 to $166,000 of capital additions (net of tenant improvement allowances from landlords), (b) scheduled debt service payments under our credit facility of $13,627 including interest payments of $6,127 (c) lease obligation payments of $88,399 and (d) estimated cash income tax payments of approximately $53,000.

Long-term liquidity requirements. We generally consider our long-term liquidity requirements to consist of those items that are expected to be incurred beyond the next twelve months and believe these requirements consist primarily of funds necessary for new store development and construction, replacement of games and equipment, performance-necessary renovations and other non-recurring capital expenditures that need to be made periodically to our stores, interest payments on our outstanding term loan and scheduled lease obligation payments. We intend to satisfy our long-term liquidity requirements through various sources of capital, including our existing cash on hand, cash provided by operations, and borrowings under the revolving portion of our credit facility.

Effective June 7, 2016, our Board of Directors approved the terms of a share repurchase program, under which the Company is authorized to repurchase up to $100,000 of its common shares through the end of fiscal 2018. The Company may repurchase shares on the open market, through privately negotiated transactions, and through trading plans designed to comply with Rule 10b5-1 of the Exchange Act. Purchases will be made at times and prices considered appropriate by management, subject to any applicable blackout periods. This authority will primarily be used to offset dilution caused by the issuance and exercise of stock options and other equity compensation. This program is not expected to impact our ability to execute our development plan or allocate capital for other corporate purposes such as remodeling, new games and maintenance. The share repurchase program may also be modified, suspended or discontinued at any time. During fiscal 2016, we have repurchased 566,756 shares at a total cost of $28,825 under this program.

Based on our current business plan, we believe the cash flows from operations, together with our existing cash balances and availability of borrowings under the revolving portion of our credit facility will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for working capital, capital expenditures, debt service needs, and share repurchases in the foreseeable future. Our ability to make scheduled principal and interest payments, or to refinance our indebtedness, or to fund planned capital expenditures and share repurchases, will depend on future performance, which is subject to general economic conditions, competitive environment and other factors, including those described in the “Risk Factors” section of this Report.

 

47


Table of Contents

Borrowing Capacity

During the second quarter of fiscal 2015, we refinanced a prior credit facility with outstanding borrowings of $430,000 and interest at LIBOR plus a spread ranging from 3.25% to 3.50%. Our current credit facility provides a $150,000 term loan facility and a $350,000 revolving credit facility and has a maturity date of May 15, 2020. The $350,000 revolving credit facility includes a $20,000 letter of credit sub-facility and a $10,000 swingline sub-facility. The revolving facility was established to provide financing for general purposes. The term loan facility requires quarterly principal pay downs of $1,875 which began in the third quarter of fiscal 2015 through maturity, when the remaining balance is due. Our credit facility is secured by the assets of D&B Inc and is unconditionally guaranteed by Dave & Buster’s Holdings, Inc. and each of its direct and indirect domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries.

As of January 29, 2017, we had letters of credit outstanding of $5,016 and $218,984 of borrowing available under our credit facility. The interest rates per annum applicable to loans, other than swingline loans, under our credit facility are currently set based on a defined LIBOR rate plus an applicable margin. Swingline loans bear interest at a base rate plus an applicable margin. The loans bear interest subject to a pricing grid based on a total leveraged ratio, at LIBOR plus a spread ranging from 1.5% to 2.25% for the term loans and the revolving loans. The stated weighted average interest rate on our credit facility at January 29, 2017 was 2.28%. The weighted average effective interest rate incurred on our borrowings under our credit facility was 2.53%. The weighted average effective rate includes amortization of debt issuance costs, commitment and other fees.

We are exposed to interest rate risk arising from changes in interest rates due to the variable rate indebtedness under our credit facility. In October 2015, the Company purchased an interest rate cap agreement for $920 with a notional amount of $200,000 to manage our exposure to interest rate movements on our variable rate credit facility when one-month LIBOR exceeds 3.0%. The effective date of the interest rate cap agreement is October 7, 2015, and the agreement matures on October 7, 2019. The derivative is not designated as a hedge and does not qualify for hedge accounting. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of the interest rate cap are recognized as interest expense. The Company’s investment in the interest rate cap, with a fair value of $297 at January 29, 2017, is included in “Other assets and deferred charges” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and was valued using an analysis based on market observable inputs. The fair value of the Company’s interest rate cap represents the amount the Company would receive to terminate the contract. For fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, interest expense includes $148 and $475, respectively, related to the change in the fair value of the interest rate cap.

Cash Flows

The following table presents a summary of our net cash provided by (used in) operating, investing and financing activities:

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29, 2017
     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31, 2016
     Fiscal Year
Ended
February 1, 2015
 

Net cash provided by (used in):

        

Operating activities

   $ 231,329      $ 186,983      $ 86,715  

Investing activities

     (159,485      (161,540      (129,573

Financing activities

     (77,256      (70,824      75,654  

Fiscal 2016 Compared to Fiscal 2015

Net cash provided by operating activities was $231,329 for fiscal 2016 compared to $186,983 for fiscal 2015. Increased cash flows from operations were driven primarily by increased cash flows from additional non-comparable store sales, increased comparable store sales and improved operating margins.

 

 

48


Table of Contents

Net cash used in investing activities was $159,485 for fiscal 2016 compared to $161,540 for fiscal 2015. Capital expenditures increased $17,685 to $180,577 (excluding the increase in fixed asset accrued liabilities of $11,610) in fiscal 2016 from $162,892 in fiscal 2015. During fiscal 2016, the Company spent $126,727 ($80,465 net of tenant improvement allowances and other payments from landlords) for new store construction, $19,974 related to a major remodel project on six existing stores, several smaller scale remodel projects and operating improvement initiatives, $17,967 for game refreshment and $15,909 for maintenance capital.

Net cash used in financing activities was $77,256 for fiscal 2016 compared to cash used in financing activities of $70,824 for fiscal 2015. The increase in cash used in financing activities during fiscal 2016 was primarily due to repurchases of common stock of $28,825. This increase was partially offset by net repayments of debt of $91,750 during fiscal 2015 compared to net repayments of $73,500 during fiscal 2016.

We plan on financing future growth through existing cash on hand, future operating cash flows, debt facilities and tenant improvement allowances from landlords. We expect to spend between $190,000 and $200,000 ($156,000 to $166,000 net of tenant improvement allowances) in capital additions during fiscal 2017. The fiscal 2017 additions are expected to include approximately $152,000 to $162,000 ($118,000 to $128,000 net of tenant improvement allowances) for new store construction and operating improvement initiatives, including four store remodels, $15,000 for game refreshment and $23,000 in maintenance capital. A portion of the 2017 new store spend is related to stores that will be under construction in 2017 but will not be open until 2018.

Fiscal 2015 Compared to Fiscal 2014

Net cash provided by operating activities was $186,983 for fiscal 2015 compared to $86,715 for fiscal 2014. Increased cash flows from operations were driven primarily by increased cash flows from additional non-comparable store sales, increased comparable store sales and improved operating margins and the absence of a $50,193 payment of accrued interest which occurred in fiscal 2014.

Net cash used in investing activities was $161,540 for fiscal 2015 compared to $129,573 for fiscal 2014. Capital expenditures increased $33,204 to $162,892 (excluding the increase in fixed asset accrued liabilities of approximately $4,444) in fiscal 2015 from $129,688 in fiscal 2014, primarily due to new store openings. During fiscal 2015, the Company spent approximately $115,888 ($86,134 net of tenant improvement allowances from landlords) for new store construction, $14,455 related to a major remodel project on three existing stores and several smaller scale remodel projects, $8,280 on operating improvement initiatives, $9,898 for game refreshment and $14,371 for maintenance capital. New store capital expenditures increased $32,817 due mainly to the timing of new store openings.

Net cash used in financing activities was $70,824 for fiscal 2015 compared to cash provided by financing activities of $75,654 for fiscal 2014. Net cash used in financing activities during the current fiscal year reflects the impact of our May 15, 2015 debt refinancing and subsequent activity which resulted in a $91,750 net reduction to our outstanding long-term debt during fiscal 2015. Net cash used for debt reduction was partially offset by proceeds from stock option exercises and excess income tax benefits related to share-based compensation plans.

Cash provided by financing activities for fiscal 2014 reflects the impact of a debt refinancing which was completed during July 2014. In connection with the fiscal 2014 debt refinancing, we received proceeds of $528,675. Proceeds from the term loan facility were used to repay $443,509 of outstanding credit facility and note balances at that time as well as related premiums, interest, debt issuance and other expenses. Additionally, in the third quarter of 2014 the Company used a portion of IPO proceeds and available cash balances to repay $100,000 principal amount of the credit facility that was refinanced in July 2014.

 

49


Table of Contents

Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments

The following table sets forth the contractual obligations and commercial commitments as of January 29, 2017:

Payment due by period

 

     Total      1 Year or
Less
     2-3 Years      4-5 Years      After 5
Years
 

Credit Facility (1)

   $ 264,750      $ 7,500      $ 15,000      $ 242,250      $ —    

Interest requirements (2)

     19,203        6,127        11,504        1,572        —    

Operating leases (3)

     1,125,383        88,399        166,928        144,012        726,044  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,409,336      $ 102,026      $ 193,432      $ 387,834      $ 726,044  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)  The Credit Facility includes a $150,000 term loan facility and $350,000 revolving credit facility, a letter of credit sub-facility, and a swingline sub-facility. As of January 29, 2017, we had borrowings of $126,000 under the revolving credit facility, borrowings of $138,750 under the term facility and $5,016 in letters of credit outstanding.
(2)  The cash obligations for interest requirements consist of variable rate debt obligations at rates in effect January 29, 2017 of 2.28%.
(3)  Our operating leases generally provide for one or more renewal options. These renewal options allow us to extend the term of the lease for a specified time at an established annual lease payment. Future obligations related to lease renewal options that have been exercised or were reasonably assured to be exercised as of the lease origination date, have been included in the table above.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have no material off-balance sheet arrangements.

Critical accounting policies and estimates

The above discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our consolidated financial statements. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for the year ended January 29, 2017. Critical accounting policies are those that we believe are most important to portraying our financial condition and results of operations and also require the greatest amount of judgment by management. Judgment or uncertainties regarding the application of these policies may result in materially different amounts being reported under different conditions or using different assumptions. We consider the following policies to be the most critical in understanding the judgment that is involved in preparing the consolidated financial statements.

Property and equipment. Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Expenditures that substantially increase the useful lives of the property and equipment are capitalized, whereas costs incurred to maintain the appearance and functionality of such assets are charged to repair and maintenance expense. Interest costs and other site specific costs incurred during construction are capitalized and depreciated based on the estimated useful life of the underlying asset. These costs are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimate of the depreciable life, resulting in a charge to the operating results. Building and building improvements are generally depreciated over the shorter of forty years or the expected term of the underlying ground lease. Leasehold improvements are generally depreciated over the shorter of twenty years or the expected lease term. Furniture, fixtures and equipment is generally depreciated over an estimated useful life ranging from three to ten years. Games are generally depreciated over an estimated useful life ranging from five to twenty years.

 

50


Table of Contents

We review our property and equipment annually or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change that would indicate that the carrying values of these long-lived assets may not be recoverable. In determining the recoverability of the asset value, an analysis is performed at the individual store level, since this is the lowest level of identifiable cash flows and primarily includes an assessment of historical cash flows and other relevant factors and circumstances, including the maturity of the store, changes in the economic environment, unfavorable changes in legal factors or business climate and future operating plans.

Our impairment assessment process requires the use of estimates and assumptions regarding future undiscounted cash flows and operating outcomes, which are based upon a significant degree of management’s judgment. At any given time, we may be monitoring a small number of locations, and future impairment charges could be required if individual store performance is deemed inadequate to recover the value of its assets. We forecast our future cash flows by considering a variety of factors, including the maturity of the store, recent store-level performance, store-level operating plans, sales trends, and cost trends for cost of sales, labor and operating expenses. We believe that this combination of information gives us a fair benchmark to predict future undiscounted cash flows. However, the future cash flow forecast may be incorrect due to factors such as unanticipated variations in our sales, cost of products sold, labor expenses, the impact of competition, macroeconomic trends and issues related to the market in which the store is located. We compare this cash flow forecast to the carrying value of the assets of the store. Based on this analysis, if we believe that the carrying amount of the assets is not recoverable, an impairment charge would be recognized based upon the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds fair value.

Goodwill and intangible assets. As of January 29, 2017 we had goodwill of approximately $272,629 and intangible assets of $79,000 representing tradenames. Goodwill and tradenames which have an indefinite useful life, are not subject to amortization, and are evaluated for impairment annually or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change that would indicate that impairment may exist. Goodwill and tradenames are evaluated at year end at the level of the Company’s single operating segment, which also represents the Company’s only reporting unit.

When evaluating goodwill and tradenames for impairment, the Company may first perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that its reporting unit or tradenames are impaired. If we do not perform a qualitative assessment to determine that it is more likely than not that the fair value of our reporting unit and tradenames exceeds their carrying amounts, we perform a quantitative assessment and calculate the estimated fair value of our reporting unit or tradenames. If the carrying amount of our reporting unit exceeds the estimated fair value, additional analysis is performed to determine the goodwill impairment amount based on a comparison of the carrying amount of our reporting unit goodwill and its implied fair value. If the carrying amount of our tradenames exceeds the estimated fair value, an impairment charge is recognized to reduce the carrying value to the estimated fair value. Our decision to perform a qualitative impairment assessment in a given year is influenced by a number of factors, including the significance of the excess of our reporting unit’s or tradename’s estimated fair value over carrying value at the last quantitative assessment date and the amount of time in between quantitative fair value assessments.

For fiscal year 2016 and 2015, we determined that there was no impairment to our goodwill or tradenames.

Income taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the balance sheet carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Any effects of changes in income tax rates or law changes are included in the provision for income taxes in the period enacted. A valuation allowance is recorded to reduce the carrying amounts of deferred tax assets unless it is more likely than not that such assets will be realized. The Company recognizes the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position.

The calculation of tax liabilities involves judgment and evaluation of uncertainties in the interpretation of federal and state tax regulations. As a result, we have established accruals for taxes that may become payable in

 

51


Table of Contents

future years as a result of audits by tax authorities. Tax accruals are reviewed regularly pursuant to accounting guidance for uncertainty in income taxes. Tax accruals are adjusted as events occur that affect the potential liability for taxes such as the expiration of statutes of limitations, conclusion of tax audits, identification of additional exposure based on current calculations, identification of new issues, or the issuance of statutory or administrative guidance or rendering of a court decision affecting a particular issue. Accordingly, we may experience significant changes in tax accruals in the future, if or when such events occur.

Accounting for amusement operations. The majority of our amusement revenue is derived from customer purchases of game play credits on Power Cards which allow our customers to play the video and redemption games in our midways. We have recognized a liability for the estimated amount of unused game play credits, which we believe our customers will utilize in the future based on credits remaining on Power Cards, historic utilization patterns and revenue per game play credit sold. Certain midway games allow customers to earn tickets, which may be redeemed for prizes. The cost of these prizes is included in the cost of amusement products and is generally recorded when tickets are utilized by the customer by redeeming the tickets for a prize in our WIN! area or storing the ticket value on a Power Card for future redemption. We have recorded a liability for the estimated amount of outstanding tickets that will be redeemed in subsequent periods based on tickets outstanding, historic redemption patterns and the estimated redemption cost of products per ticket.

Insurance reserves. We use a combination of insurance and self-insurance mechanisms to provide for potential liabilities for workers’ compensation, healthcare benefits, general liability, property insurance, director and officers’ liability and vehicle liability. Liabilities associated with the risks that are retained by us are estimated, in part, by considering historical claims experience, demographic factors, severity factors and other actuarial assumptions. Portions of the estimated accruals for these liabilities are calculated by third-party actuarial firms. The estimated accruals for these liabilities could be significantly affected if future occurrences and claims differ from these assumptions and historical trends.

Share-based compensation. Options to acquire stock in D&B Entertainment were granted to certain of our employees, outside directors, and consultants under the 2010 Stock Incentive Plan. The options are subject to either time-based vesting or performance-based vesting. Options granted under the 2010 Stock Incentive Plan terminate on the ten-year anniversary of the grants. No further equity or other awards will be made under the 2010 Stock Incentive Plan.

Options granted under the 2010 Stock Incentive Plan are subject to the grantees continued employment with or service to D&B Entertainment or its subsidiaries (subject to certain conditions in the event of grantee termination). Service-based options contain service-based (or time-based) vesting provisions, whereby the options will vest annually in equal amounts. As a result of the IPO, all performance-based shares were modified and became fully vested.

Options and awards granted in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014 were issued pursuant to the terms of the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan. The 2014 Stock Incentive Plan allows the granting of incentive and nonqualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, other share-based awards and cash-based awards to employees, directors, and consultants of the Company. The term of service-based stock options is determined at the date of grant. Performance-based stock options can be based upon a variety of performance measures as defined in the plan document.

The valuation of our stock option awards has been determined using the Black-Scholes option valuation model. The Black-Scholes option valuation model uses assumptions of expected volatility, the expected dividend yield of our stock, the expected term of the awards and the risk-free interest rate, as well as our estimated fair value of our common stock. Since our stock had not been publicly traded prior to our IPO, the expected volatility was based on an average of the historical volatility of certain of our competitors’ stocks over the expected term of the share-based awards. The dividend yield assumption was based on our history. The expected term of share-based awards represents the weighted-average period the share-based award was expected to remain outstanding.

 

52


Table of Contents

The risk-free interest rate was based on the implied yield on U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issues with a remaining term equivalent to the expected term.

For all stock options granted prior to or in connection with our IPO during fiscal 2014, we obtained fair value analyses prepared by an independent third-party valuation firm. These valuations utilized approaches and methodologies consistent with the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Practice Aid, Valuation of Privately-Held-Company Equity Securities Issued as Compensation, and information provided by our management, including historical and projected financial information, prospects and risks, our performance, various corporate documents, capitalization and economic and financial market conditions. The third-party valuation firm also utilized other economic, industry, and market information obtained from other resources considered reliable. The method used by the valuation firm utilized discounted cash flow, guideline public company and external transaction approaches to determine value ranges. We believe the combination of these methods provides an appropriate estimate of our expected fair value ranges. For all stock options granted subsequent to our IPO, we have obtained fair value valuation analysis prepared by an independent third party valuation firm, and the analysis utilized the market determined share price.

Share-based compensation expense is recognized for the portion of awards that are expected to vest. For time-based awards, share-based compensation expense is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award, usually the vesting period. For performance-based awards, management must assess the probability of the achievement of the targets, as defined in the applicable plan. Share-based compensation expense recognized in our results of operations is based on awards ultimately expected to vest. Forfeiture rates are estimated using historical actual forfeiture trends as well as our judgment of future forfeitures. These rates are evaluated at least annually and any change in compensation expense is recognized in the period of the change.

The determinations of the fair values of our share-based awards are based on estimates and forecasts described above that may not reflect actual market results. These estimates and forecasts require us to make judgments that are highly complex and subjective. Additionally, past valuations relied on reference to other companies for the determination of volatility, trading multiples and other valuation inputs, future estimates of these factors will be based more on our performance as a public company. Values of restricted stock and restricted stock units awarded under the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan are based on quoted market prices. The use of company-specific attributes will likely impact the fair value of share-based payment programs in the future and the results may be different than using an average of industry participant attributes as has been utilized in the past.

Recent accounting pronouncements.

Refer to Note 1, Description of the Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for information regarding new accounting pronouncements.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Commodity Price Risk

We are exposed to market price fluctuation in food and beverage product prices. Given the historical volatility of certain of our food product prices, including proteins, seafood, produce, dairy products, and cooking oil, these fluctuations can materially impact our food costs. While our purchasing commitments partially mitigate the risk of such fluctuations, there is no assurance that supply and demand factors such as disease or inclement weather will not cause the prices of the commodities used in our restaurant operations to fluctuate. In a rapidly-fluctuating commodities market, it may prove difficult for us to adjust our menu prices to respond to any price fluctuations. Therefore, to the extent that we do not pass along cost increases to our customers, our results of operations may be adversely affected. At this time, we do not use financial instruments to hedge our commodity risk.

 

53


Table of Contents

Interest Rate Risk

We are exposed to interest rate risk arising from changes in interest rates due to the variable rate indebtedness under our credit facility. Borrowings pursuant to our credit facility bear interest at a floating rate based on LIBOR, plus an applicable margin. Accordingly, fluctuations in market interest rates may increase or decrease our interest expense which will, in turn, increase or decrease our net income and cash flow. In October 2015, the Company purchased an interest rate cap agreement for $920 with a notional amount of $200,000 to manage our exposure to interest rate movements on our variable rate credit facility when one-month LIBOR exceeds 3.0%. The effective date of the interest rate cap agreement is October 7, 2015, and the agreement matures on October 7, 2019. As of January 29, 2017, one-month LIBOR was 0.78%. Assuming no change in the balance of the revolving portion of the credit facility, we estimate that a hypothetical 25 basis point increase in one-month LIBOR would increase our annualized interest expense in the next year by approximately $600.

Inflation

The primary inflationary factors affecting our operations are food, labor costs, and energy costs. Many of our leases require us to pay taxes, maintenance, repairs, insurance and utilities, all of which are generally subject to inflationary increases. Finally, the cost of constructing our stores is subject to inflationary increases in the costs of labor and material.

We have a substantial number of hourly employees who are paid wage rates at or based on the applicable federal, state or city minimum wage and increases in the minimum wage will increase our labor costs. Key states in which we operate, including California and New York, have recently enacted legislation to increase the minimum wage and/or minimum tipped wage rates by varying amounts. As of January 1, 2017, the State of California raised the state minimum hourly wage from $10.00 per hour to $10.50 per hour, with additional planned incremental increases up to $15.00 per hour by January 1, 2023. The State of New York raised the state minimum tipped wage from $5.00 per hour to $7.50 per hour effective December 31, 2015 with additional planned increases that vary locally within the state over the next several years. Several other states and local jurisdictions in which we operate have also enacted legislation to increase the minimum wage and/or minimum tipped wage with more planned increases in the future.

In general, we have been able to substantially offset cost increases resulting from inflation by increasing menu prices, improving productivity, or other operating changes. We may or may not be able to offset cost increases in the future.

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

The consolidated financial statements of the Company and supplementary data are included as pages F-1 through F-25 in this Report.

 

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

None.

 

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The Company maintains disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15(d)-15(e) under the Exchange Act) that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the Company’s Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s

 

54


Table of Contents

management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

The Company’s management, with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of January 29, 2017. Based upon that evaluation and subject to the foregoing, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of January 29, 2017, the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective to accomplish their objectives at the reasonable assurance level.

Internal Control over Financial Reporting

A report of the Company’s management on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) is included below. A report of KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting is included herein.

There have not been any changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the fiscal quarter ended January 29, 2017 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.    

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP. Our internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of our financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance that unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of company assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements would be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting is not intended to provide absolute assurance that a misstatement of our financial statements would be prevented or detected. In addition, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Our management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of January 29, 2017 based on the framework and criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013), issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. This evaluation included review of the documentation of controls, evaluation of the design effectiveness of controls, testing of the operating effectiveness of controls and a conclusion on this evaluation. Based on this evaluation, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of January 29, 2017.

The effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of January 29, 2017 has been audited by KPMG LLP.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

None.

 

55


Table of Contents

PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

The information required by Item 10 is incorporated herein by reference to the sections entitled “Proposal No. 1—Election of Directors”, “Directors and Corporate Governance”, “Executive Officers” and “Executive Compensation” in the Proxy Statement.

 

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

The information required by Item 11 is incorporated herein by reference to the sections entitled “Proposal No. 1—Election of Directors”, “Directors and Corporate Governance” and “Executive Compensation” in the Proxy Statement.

 

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

The information required by Item 12 is incorporated herein by reference to the sections entitled “Executive Compensation” and “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management” in the Proxy Statement.

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

The information required by Item 13 is incorporated herein by reference to the sections entitled “Directors and Corporate Governance” and “Transactions with Related Persons” in the Proxy Statement.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

The information required by Item 14 is incorporated herein by reference to the section entitled “Proposal No. 2—Ratification of Appointment of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm” in the Proxy Statement.

 

56


Table of Contents

PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

  (1) Financial Statements

See Pages F-1 to F-25 of this Report.

 

  (2) Financial Statement Schedules

None.

 

  (3) See the Index to Exhibits attached hereto on Page E-1 for a list of all exhibits filed as part of this document.

 

57


Table of Contents

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

   

DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.,

a Delaware Corporation

Date: March 28, 2017     By:   /s/ Brian A. Jenkins
      Brian A. Jenkins
      Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

POWER OF ATTORNEY

KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that each of the undersigned constitutes and appoints each of Stephen M. King and Jay L. Tobin, or either of them, each acting alone, his/her true and lawful attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for such person and in his/her name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this Report, and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, each acting alone, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as he/she might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming that any such attorney-in-fact and agent, or his/her substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, we have signed in our indicated capacities on March 28, 2017.

 

Signature   Title
By:  

/s/ Stephen M. King

  Chief Executive Officer and Director
  Stephen M. King   (Principal Executive Officer)
By:  

/s/ Brian A. Jenkins

  Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
  Brian A. Jenkins   (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
By:  

/s/ Alan J. Lacy

  Chairman of the Board of Directors
  Alan J. Lacy  
By:  

/s/ Victor L. Crawford

  Director
  Victor L. Crawford  
By:  

/s/ Michael J. Griffith

  Director
  Michael J. Griffith  
By:  

/s/ Jonathan S. Halkyard

  Director
  Jonathan S. Halkyard  
By:  

/s/ Patricia H. Mueller

  Director
  Patricia H. Mueller  
By:  

/s/ Kevin M. Sheehan

  Director
  Kevin M. Sheehan  
By:  

/s/ Jennifer Storms

  Director
  Jennifer Storms  

 

58


Table of Contents

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Stockholders

Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.:

We have audited Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of January 29, 2017, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of January 29, 2017, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. and subsidiaries as of January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, and the related consolidated statements of comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the fiscal years ended January 29, 2017, January 31, 2016, and February 1, 2015, and our report dated March 28, 2017 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.

(signed) KPMG LLP

Dallas, Texas

March 28, 2017

 

F-1


Table of Contents

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Stockholders

Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.:

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. and subsidiaries as of January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, and the related consolidated statements of comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the fiscal years ended January 29, 2017, January 31, 2016, and February 1, 2015. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. and subsidiaries as of January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the fiscal years ended January 29, 2017, January 31, 2016, and February 1, 2015, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of January 29, 2017, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated March 28, 2017 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

(signed) KPMG LLP

Dallas, Texas

March 28, 2017

 

F-2


Table of Contents

DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

     January 29,
2017
    January 31,
2016
 
ASSETS     

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 20,083     $ 25,495  

Inventories

     21,860       19,529  

Prepaid expenses

     15,828       12,954  

Deferred income taxes

     —         30,257  

Income taxes receivable

     5,901       4,146  

Other current assets

     11,932       17,699  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     75,604       110,080  

Property and equipment (net of $387,505 and $309,345 accumulated depreciation as of January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, respectively)

     606,865       523,891  

Deferred tax assets

     2,446       —    

Tradenames

     79,000       79,000  

Goodwill

     272,629       272,694  

Other assets and deferred charges

     16,189       18,036  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,052,733     $ 1,003,701  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY     

Current liabilities:

    

Current installments of long-term debt

   $ 7,500     $ 7,500  

Accounts payable

     55,278       42,836  

Accrued liabilities

     112,327       103,614  

Income taxes payable

     2,692       2,697  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     177,797       156,647  

Deferred income taxes

     14,497       35,347  

Deferred occupancy costs

     147,592       125,259  

Other liabilities

     16,767       10,194  

Long-term debt, net

     256,628       329,916  

Commitments and contingencies

    

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Common stock, par value $0.01; authorized: 400,000,000 shares; issued: 42,469,570 shares at January 29, 2017 and 41,618,933 shares at January 31, 2016; outstanding: 42,204,587 shares at January 29, 2017 and 41,618,933 shares at January 31, 2016

     425       416  

Preferred stock, 50,000,000 authorized; none issued

     —         —    

Paid-in capital

     310,230       280,828  

Treasury stock, 264,983 and 0 shares as of January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, respectively

     (14,817     —    

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (723     (970

Retained earnings

     144,337       66,064  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     439,452       346,338  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,052,733     $ 1,003,701  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-3


Table of Contents

DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29,
2017
     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31,
2016
    Fiscal Year
Ended
February 1,
2015
 

Food and beverage revenues

   $ 452,140      $ 405,841     $ 359,125  

Amusement and other revenues

     553,018        461,141       387,626  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     1,005,158        866,982       746,751  

Cost of food and beverage

     114,946        104,757       92,122  

Cost of amusement and other

     65,354        58,053       54,353  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cost of products

     180,300        162,810       146,475  

Operating payroll and benefits

     228,827        200,129       175,709  

Other store operating expenses

     287,322        250,186       225,763  

General and administrative expenses

     54,474        53,600       44,574  

Depreciation and amortization expense

     88,305        78,660       70,868  

Pre-opening costs

     15,414        11,561       9,501  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating costs

     854,642        756,946       672,890  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     150,516        110,036       73,861  

Interest expense, net

     6,985        11,464       34,789  

Loss on debt retirement

     —          6,822       27,578  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

     143,531        91,750       11,494  

Provision for income taxes

     52,736        32,131       3,858  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     90,795        59,619       7,636  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Unrealized foreign currency translation gain (loss)

     247        (324     (479
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

   $ 91,042      $ 59,295     $ 7,157  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Income per share:

       

Basic

   $ 2.16      $ 1.46     $ 0.22  

Diluted

   $ 2.10      $ 1.39     $ 0.21  

Weighted average shares used in per share calculations:

       

Basic

     41,951,770        40,968,455       35,314,884  

Diluted

     43,288,592        42,783,905       37,126,048  

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-4


Table of Contents

DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in thousands, except share amounts)

 

    Common Stock     Paid-In
Capital
    Treasury Stock
At Cost
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (loss)
    Retained
Earnings
(Accumulated
Deficit)
    Total  
    Shares     Amt.       Shares     Amt.        

Balance February 2, 2014

    33,452,684     $ 334     $ 152,661       248,412     $ (1,189   $ (167   $ (1,191   $ 150,448  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    —         —         —         —         —         —         7,636       7,636  

Unrealized foreign currency translation loss

    —         —         —         —         —         (479     —         (479

Share-based compensation

    251       —         2,212       —         —         —         —         2,212  

Issuance of common stock

    6,764,705       68       100,591       —         —         —         —         100,659  

Costs associated with the issuance of common stock

    —         —         (1,779     —         —         —         —         (1,779
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance February 1, 2015

    40,217,640       402       253,685       248,412       (1,189     (646     6,445       258,697  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    —         —         —         —         —         —         59,619       59,619  

Unrealized foreign currency translation loss

    —         —         —         —         —         (324     —         (324

Share-based compensation

    —         —         4,109       —         —         —         —         4,109  

Issuance of common stock

    1,401,293       14       6,286       —         —         —         —         6,300  

Excess income tax benefit related to share-based compensation plans

    —         —         16,834       —         —         —         —         16,834  

Issuance of treasury stock

    —         —         (86     (248,412     1,189       —         —         1,103  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance January 31, 2016

    41,618,933       416       280,828       —         —         (970     66,064       346,338  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    —         —         —         —         —         —         90,795       90,795  

Unrealized foreign currency translation gain

    —         —         —         —         —         247       —         247  

Share-based compensation

    —         —         5,828       —         —         —         —         5,828  

Excess income tax benefit related to share-based compensation plans

    —         —         19,304       —         —         —         —         19,304  

Issuance of common stock

    850,637       9       4,351       —         —         —         —         4,360  

Repurchase of common stock

    —         —         —         566,756       (28,825     —         —         (28,825

Issuance of treasury stock

    —         —         (81     (301,773     14,008       —         (12,522     1,405  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance January 29, 2017

    42,469,570     $ 425     $ 310,230       264,983     $ (14,817   $ (723   $ 144,337     $ 439,452  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-5


Table of Contents

DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

 

     Fiscal Year
Ended
January 29,
2017
    Fiscal Year
Ended
January 31,
2016
    Fiscal Year
Ended
February 1,
2015
 

Cash flows from operating activities:

      

Net income

   $ 90,795     $ 59,619     $ 7,636  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

      

Depreciation and amortization expense

     88,305       78,660       70,868  

Payment of accreted interest at debt retirement

     —         —         (50,193

Accretion of note discount

     —         —         8,341  

Deferred taxes

     6,961       7,853       (1,615

Excess income tax benefit related to share-based compensation plans

     (19,304     (16,834     —    

Loss on disposal of fixed assets

     1,533       1,411       1,771  

Loss on debt retirement

     —         6,790       8,580  

Share-based compensation

     5,828       4,109       2,212  

Other, net

     1,467       1,135       2,222  

Changes in assets and liabilities:

      

Inventories

     (2,331     (1,072     (3,103

Prepaid expenses

     (2,874     (2,262     (892

Income tax receivable

     (1,755     (1,725     25  

Other current assets

     6,032       (7,912     (911

Other assets and deferred charges

     487       (4,365     4  

Accounts payable

     832       3,391       8,720  

Accrued liabilities

     14,431       13,780       14,869  

Income taxes payable

     19,299       17,961       497  

Deferred occupancy costs

     20,156       25,407       16,919  

Other liabilities

     1,467       1,037       765  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     231,329       186,983       86,715  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

      

Capital expenditures

     (180,577     (162,892     (129,688

Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions

     20,262       —         —    

Proceeds from sales of property and equipment

     30       132       115  

Collections on notes receivable

     800       1,220       —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (159,485     (161,540     (129,573
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Proceeds from debt

     97,000       468,000       528,675  

Payments of debt

     (170,500     (559,750     (544,375

Debt issuance costs

     —         (3,311     (8,212

Proceeds from the issuance of common stock, net of underwriter fees

     —         —         100,659  

Payment of costs associated with the issuance of common stock

     —         —         (1,093

Repurchase of common stock

     (28,825     —         —    

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

     4,360       6,300       —    

Proceeds from issuance of treasury stock

     1,405       1,103       —    

Excess income tax benefit related to share-based compensation plans

     19,304       16,834       —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     (77,256     (70,824     75,654  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (5,412     (45,381     32,796  

Beginning cash and cash equivalents

     25,495       70,876       38,080  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending cash and cash equivalents

   $ 20,083     $ 25,495     $ 70,876  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

      

Increase (decrease) in fixed asset accounts payable

   $ 11,610     $ 4,444     $ (9,811

Cash paid for income taxes, net

   $ 28,213     $ 8,009     $ 4,937  

Cash paid for interest, net

   $ 6,603     $ 10,718     $ 28,510  

Cash paid for interest and related debt fees, related to debt retirement

   $ —       $ 32     $ 18,998  

Cash paid for settlement of accreted interest on senior discount notes

   $ —       $ —       $ 50,193  

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-6


Table of Contents

DAVE & BUSTER’S ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Note 1: Description of the Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Description of the business — Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. (“D&B Entertainment”) is a Delaware corporation formed in June 2010. References to the “Company”, “we”, “us”, and “our” refers to D&B Entertainment, any predecessor companies, and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Dave & Buster’s Holdings, Inc. (“D&B Holdings”), a holding company which owns 100% of the outstanding common stock of Dave & Buster’s, Inc. (“D&B Inc”), the operating company. The Company, headquartered in Dallas, Texas, is a leading operator of high-volume entertainment and dining venues (“stores”) in North America for adults and families under the name “Dave & Buster’s”. The Company operates its business as one operating and one reportable segment. As of January 29, 2017, we owned and operated 92 stores located in 33 states and one Canadian province. We anticipate opening four additional stores in the first quarter of fiscal 2017.

Principles of consolidation — The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The consolidated financial statements presented herein reflect our financial position, results of operations, cash flows and changes in equity in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States or “GAAP”.

Fiscal year — We operate on a 52 or 53 week fiscal year that ends on the Sunday after the Saturday closest to January 31. Each quarterly period has 13 weeks, except in a 53 week year when the fourth quarter has 14 weeks. Fiscal 2016, 2015, and 2014, which ended on January 29, 2017, January 31, 2016, and February 1, 2015, respectively, each contained 52 weeks.

Reclassifications — Certain amounts within the fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows have been aggregated to conform to the fiscal 2016 presentation.

Use of estimates — The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company’s significant estimates include estimates for impairment of goodwill, useful lives of property and equipment, fair value of share-based compensation, self-insurance reserves, deferred revenue on our Power Cards and gift cards, reserve for outstanding tickets, estimated effective tax rates and deferred tax valuation allowances.

Seasonality — Our revenues and operations are influenced by seasonal shifts in consumer spending. Revenues associated with spring and year-end holidays during our first and fourth quarters have historically been higher as compared to the other quarters. Our third quarter, which encompasses the back-to-school fall season, has historically had lower revenues as compared to the other quarters.

Cash and cash equivalents We consider transaction settlements in process from credit card companies and all highly liquid temporary investments with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Our cash management system provides for the funding of all major bank disbursement accounts on a daily basis as checks are presented for payment. Under this system, outstanding checks are in excess of the cash balances at certain banks, which creates book overdrafts. Book overdrafts of $10,065 and $14,180 are presented in “Accounts payable” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, respectively. Changes in the book overdraft position are presented within “Net cash provided by operating activities” within the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

 

F-7


Table of Contents

Concentration of credit risk Financial instruments which potentially subject us to a concentration of credit risk are cash and cash equivalents. We currently maintain our day-to-day operating cash balances with major financial institutions. Our operating cash balances may be in excess of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insurance limit. Although we maintain balances that exceed the FDIC insured limit, we have not experienced any losses related to this balance, and we believe credit risk to be minimal.

Inventories — Inventories of food, beverages, merchandise and other supplies needed for our food service and amusement operations are stated at the lower of cost or market, with cost determined under the first-in, first-out method.

Other current assets — The balance includes construction allowance receivables of $7,021 and $13,097 as of January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, respectively, related to our new store openings. All receivable amounts are expected to be collected within one year.

Property and equipment — Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is charged to operations using the straight-line method over the assets’ estimated useful lives, which are as follows:

 

     Estimated Depreciable
Lives (In Years)

Building and building improvements

   Shorter of 40 or expected
ground lease term

Leasehold improvements

   Shorter of 20 or
expected lease term

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

   3-10

Games

   5-20

Expenditures that substantially increase the useful lives of the property and equipment are capitalized, whereas costs incurred to maintain the appearance and functionality of such assets are charged to repair and maintenance expense. Interest costs and other site specific costs incurred during construction are capitalized and depreciated based on the estimated useful life of the underlying asset. Capitalized computer software and hardware are included in the cost of furniture, fixtures and equipment. Gains and losses related to store property and equipment disposals are recorded in “Other store operating expenses” in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

We review our property and equipment annually, on a store-by-store basis to determine whether facts or circumstances exist that may indicate the carrying values of these long-lived assets are impaired. We compare store-level undiscounted operating cash flows (which exclude interest, general and administrative and other allocated expenses) to the carrying amount of property and equipment allocated to each store. If the expected future cash flows are less than the asset carrying amount (an indication that the carrying amount may not be recoverable), we may recognize an impairment loss. Any impairment loss recognized equals the amount by which the asset carrying amount exceeds its fair value. No impairment charges were recognized in fiscal 2016, 2015 or 2014.

Goodwill and other indefinite-lived assets — Goodwill and tradenames which have an indefinite useful life, are not subject to amortization, and are evaluated for impairment annually or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change that would indicate that impairment may exist. Goodwill and tradenames are evaluated at year end at the level of the Company’s single operating segment, which also represents the Company’s only reporting unit.

When evaluating goodwill and tradenames for impairment, the Company may first perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that its reporting unit or tradenames are impaired. If

 

F-8


Table of Contents

we do not perform a qualitative assessment to determine that it is more likely than not that the fair value of our reporting unit and tradenames exceeds their carrying amounts, we perform a quantitative assessment and calculate the estimated fair value of our reporting unit or tradenames. If the carrying amount of our reporting unit exceeds the estimated fair value, additional analysis is performed to determine the goodwill impairment amount based on a comparison of the carrying amount of our reporting unit goodwill and its implied fair value. If the carrying amount of our tradenames exceeds the estimated fair value, an impairment charge is recognized to reduce the carrying value to the estimated fair value. Our decision to perform a qualitative impairment assessment in a given year is influenced by a number of factors, including the significance of the excess of our reporting unit’s or tradename’s estimated fair value over carrying value at the last quantitative assessment date and the amount of time in between quantitative fair value assessments.

For fiscal year 2016 and 2015, we determined that there was no impairment to our goodwill or tradenames.

Fair value of financial instruments — Fair value is defined as the price we would receive to sell an asset or pay to transfer a liability (exit price) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In determining fair value, the accounting standards establish a three-level hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: Level One inputs are quoted prices available for identical assets and liabilities in active markets; Level Two inputs are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, including quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data; and Level Three inputs are less observable and reflect our own assumptions.

Our financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, accounts payable, and our credit facility. The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable and accounts payable approximates fair value because of their short maturities. We believe that the carrying amount of our credit facility approximates its fair value because the interest rates are adjusted regularly based on current market conditions.

Derivative — In October 2015, the Company purchased an interest rate cap agreement for $920 with a notional amount of $200,000 to manage our exposure to interest rate movements on our variable rate credit facility when one-month LIBOR exceeds 3.0%. The effective date of the interest rate cap agreement is October 7, 2015, and the agreement matures on October 7, 2019. The derivative is not designated as a hedge and does not qualify for hedge accounting. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of the interest rate cap are recognized as interest expense. The Company’s investment in the interest rate cap, with a fair value of $297 at January 29, 2017, is included in “Other assets and deferred charges” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and was valued using an analysis based on market observable inputs, representing Level Two assets as defined by GAAP. The fair value of the Company’s interest rate cap represents the amount the Company would receive to terminate the contract. For fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, interest expense includes $148 and $475, respectively, related to the change in the fair value of the interest rate cap.

Debt issuance costs — The Company capitalizes costs incurred in connection with borrowings or establishment of credit facilities, and these costs are amortized as an adjustment to interest expense over the life of the borrowing or life of the related debt facility. In the case of early debt principal repayments, the Company adjusts the value of the corresponding deferred financing costs with a charge to interest expense, and similarly adjusts the future amortization expense. Debt issuance costs on the revolving portion of our credit facility are included in “Other assets and deferred charges” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Debt issuance costs on the term loan portion of our credit facility are reported as a direct reduction from the carrying amount of our debt. This presentation of debt issuance costs related to our term loan facility was adopted retrospectively in the first quarter of fiscal 2016, and we reclassified debt issuance costs related to our term loan facility of $834 included in “Other assets and deferred charges” to “Long-term debt, net” on our previously reported consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2016.

 

F-9


Table of Contents

The following table details amounts relating to debt issuance costs:

 

     Fiscal Year Ended     Fiscal Year Ended     Fiscal Year Ended  
   January 29, 2017     January 31, 2016     February 1, 2015  

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 2,819     $ 6,186     $ 7,954  

Write off of unamortized debt issuance cost—refinancing & early prepayment

     —         (5,861     (7,906

Additional debt issuance costs

     —         3,311       8,212  

Amortization

     (674     (817     (2,074
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 2,145     $ 2,819     $ 6,186  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Notes receivable — Included in the fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 balance of “Other assets and deferred charges” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets are notes receivable from landlords for certain construction allowances related to two new store openings of $2,652 and $3,704, respectively. The current portion of $1,178 and $926 are included in the balance of “Other current assets” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets for fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively. All notes receivable amounts are expected to be collected.

A 7.0% notes receivable, related to a sale-leaseback in 2001, with an outstanding principal balance of $1,220 was fully collected in fiscal 2015, prior to the scheduled repayment terms. The carrying value of the note was $727, net of discount. Interest expense, net for fiscal 2015 includes a $493 gain related to the collection of the notes receivable.

Revenue recognition — Food and beverage revenues are recorded at point of service. Amusement revenues consist primarily of game play credits on Power Cards purchased and used by customers to activate most of the video and redemption games in our midway. Amusement revenues are primarily recognized upon utilization of these game play credits. We have recognized a liability for the estimated amount of unused game play credits which we believe our customers will utilize in the future based on credits remaining on Power Cards, historic utilization patterns and revenue per game play credit sold. Revenues are presented net of sales taxes. Sales tax collected is included in “Accrued liabilities” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets until the taxes are remitted to the appropriate taxing authorities.

Proceeds from the sale of gift cards are deferred and recognized as revenue when the holder redeems the card or its likelihood of redemption, based on historical redemption patterns, becomes remote, and the Company determines that there is not a legal obligation to remit the unredeemed gift card balance to the relevant jurisdictions. The determination of the gift card breakage rate is based upon the company’s specific historical redemption patterns and the company recognizes gift card breakage by applying its estimate of the rate of gift card breakage over the period of estimated redemption. The liability for unredeemed gift cards is included in “Accrued liabilities” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Amusements costs of products — Certain midway games allow customers to earn tickets, which may be redeemed for prizes. The cost of these prizes is included in the cost of amusement products and is generally recorded when tickets are utilized by the customer by redeeming the tickets for a prize in our WIN! area. Customers may also store the ticket value on a Power Card for future redemption. We have recorded a liability for the estimated amount of outstanding tickets that we believe will be redeemed in subsequent periods based on tickets outstanding, historic redemption patterns and the estimated redemption cost of products per ticket.

Advertising costs — Advertising production costs are expensed in the period when the advertising first takes place. Other advertising costs are expensed as incurred. Advertising costs expensed were $33,795, $29,970, and $29,144 in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Advertising costs are included in “Other store operating expenses” in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

 

F-10


Table of Contents

Rent — We currently lease the building or site of all our store locations. We evaluate each lease to determine its appropriate classification as an operating or capital lease for financial reporting purposes, and as of January 29, 2017, all our leases were classified as operating. The Company’s leases generally contain escalating rent payments over the lease term as well as optional renewal periods. The Company accounts for its leases by recognizing minimum base rent on a straight-line basis over the lease term, which includes reasonably assured renewal periods. The lease term begins when the Company has the right to control the use of the property, which is typically before rent payments are due under the lease agreement. The difference between the rent expense and rent paid is recorded as “Deferred occupancy costs” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Tenant incentives used to fund leasehold improvements are recorded in “Deferred occupancy costs” and amortized as reductions of lease rent expense ratably over the lease term.

The fair values of acquired lease contracts having contractual rents higher than fair market rents are amortized on a straight-line basis over the remaining initial lease term. The current and non-current portions of unfavorable leases are included in “Accrued liabilities” and “Deferred occupancy costs”, respectively, in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Additionally, certain of our operating leases contain clauses that provide for additional contingent rent based on a percentage of sales greater than certain specified target amounts. We recognize contingent rent expense provided the achievement of that target is considered probable.

Self-insurance programs — We are self-insured for certain losses related to workers’ compensation claims, general liability matters and our Company-sponsored employee health insurance programs. To limit our exposure to losses, we maintain stop-loss coverage through third-party insurers. We estimate the accrued liabilities for our self-insurance programs using historical claims experience and loss reserves, assisted by independent third-party actuaries. The estimated cost to settle reported claims and incurred but unreported claims is included in “Accrued liabilities” and “Other liabilities” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Pre-opening costsPre-opening costs include costs associated with the opening and organizing of new stores, including the cost of feasibility studies, pre-opening rent, training and recruiting and travel costs for employees engaged in such pre-opening activities. All pre-opening costs are expensed as incurred.

Income taxes — Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the balance sheet carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Any effects of changes in income tax rates or law changes are included in the provision for income taxes in the period enacted. A valuation allowance is recorded to reduce the carrying amounts of deferred tax assets unless it is more likely than not that such assets will be realized. The Company recognizes the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position.

The calculation of tax liabilities involves significant judgment and evaluation of uncertainties in the interpretation of federal and state tax regulations. As a result, we have established accruals for taxes that may become payable in future years as a result of audits by tax authorities. Tax accruals are reviewed regularly pursuant to accounting guidance for uncertainty in income taxes. Tax accruals are adjusted as events occur that affect the potential liability for taxes such as the expiration of statutes of limitations, conclusion of tax audits, identification of additional exposure based on current calculations, identification of new issues, or the issuance of statutory or administrative guidance or rendering of a court decision affecting a particular issue. Accordingly, we may experience significant changes in tax accruals in the future, if or when such events occur.

In November 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes (Topic 740), to simplify the

 

F-11


Table of Contents

presentation of deferred taxes in the consolidated balance sheet. The amendments to the guidance require that deferred tax assets and liabilities be classified as noncurrent in a classified balance sheet, and the new guidance does not change the existing requirement that prohibits offsetting deferred tax liabilities from one jurisdiction against deferred tax assets of another jurisdiction. We adopted the amendments to this guidance beginning with the first quarter of fiscal 2016 and have applied the amendments prospectively. Prior periods were not retrospectively adjusted.

Share-based compensation — The Company maintains an equity incentive plan under which it may grant awards denominated in the Company’s common stock or units of the Company’s common stock, as well as cash variable compensation awards. The Company’s long-term incentive compensation provides awards to executive and management personnel as well as directors. Refer to Note 9: Share-Based Compensation for further discussion.

Share repurchase program — Effective June 7, 2016, our Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program authorizing up to $100,000 in share repurchases through the end of fiscal 2018. The Company may repurchase shares on the open market, through privately negotiated transactions, and through trading plans designed to comply with Rule 10b5-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The share repurchase program may be modified, suspended or discontinued at any time. During the fourth quarter, the Company purchased 396,141 shares of common stock at an average cost of $54.17 per share. Since the inception of the repurchase program, the Company purchased 566,756 shares of common stock at an average cost of $50.86 per share.

Related party transactions — D&B Entertainment was initially owned by Oak Hill Capital Partners III, L.P. and Oak Hill Capital Management Partners III, L.P. (collectively, the “Oak Hill Funds”). As of January 29, 2017, the Oak Hill Funds no longer owned any of our outstanding stock. A stockholders’ agreement with Oak Hill Capital Management, LLC, which provided for the reimbursement of certain costs and expenses, terminated during the third quarter of fiscal 2016 when the Oak Hill Funds ownership fell below 5% of the Company’s outstanding stock. During fiscal 2016, fiscal 2015, and fiscal 2014, reimbursements were inconsequential. Mr. David Jones, who served on our Board of Directors until July 8, 2016, and who continues to serve as a senior advisor to the Oak Hill Funds, received compensation of $33, $70, and $100 in fiscal 2016, fiscal 2015, and fiscal 2014, respectively. As of January 29, 2017, certain members of our Board of Directors and our management owned approximately 1.0% of our outstanding stock.

Comprehensive income — Comprehensive income is defined as the change in equity of a business enterprise during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owner sources. Fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 comprehensive income consists of net income and foreign currency translation adjustments. The foreign currency translation adjustment represents the unrealized impact of translating the financial statements of our two Ontario, Canada locations from their respective functional currency (Canadian dollars) to U.S. dollars. This amount is not included in net income and would only be realized upon disposition of the Canadian stores business. The “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” is presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Recent accounting pronouncements In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350), which eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Under the new standard, annual and interim goodwill impairment tests will compare the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An impairment charge will be recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting units’ fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill. The pronouncement is effective for goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and should be applied on a prospective basis.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230), which addresses eight specific cash flow issues and is intended to reduce diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for interim

 

F-12


Table of Contents

and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (Topic 718), which simplifies several aspects of the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions, including the accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, and statutory tax withholding requirements, as well as classification in the statement of cash flows and the calculation of diluted net income per share. ASU 2016-09 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The adoption of this guidance will require prospective recognition of excess tax benefits and deficiencies (that result from an increase or decrease in the fair value of an award from grant date to the vesting date or exercise date) on share-based compensation arrangements in the tax provision, instead of in equity as under the current guidance. In addition, these amounts will be classified as an operating activity in the statement of cash flows, instead of as a financing activity, with the change in classification to be applied either retrospectively or prospectively. The ASU’s income tax aspects also impact the calculation of diluted earnings per share by excluding excess tax benefits from the calculation of assumed proceeds available to repurchase shares under the treasury-stock method. The extent of excess tax benefits is subject to variation in the Company’s stock price and the timing/extent of restricted stock unit vestings and stock option exercises. The Company reported excess tax benefits of $19,304 and $16,834 in fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively. The fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 amounts of excess tax benefits are not necessarily indicative of future amounts that may arise in years following implementation of the new accounting pronouncement, and we expect the adoption of this standard may have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The new guidance requires the present value of committed operating lease payments to be recorded as right-of-use lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet. As of January 29, 2017, the Company had an estimated $1,125,000 in undiscounted future minimum lease commitments. Enhanced disclosures will also be required to give financial statement users the ability to assess the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, using a modified retrospective adoption method and early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of the updated guidance on our consolidated financial statements. We expect the adoption of this guidance will result in a material increase in the assets and liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheets and will likely have an insignificant impact on our Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory (Topic 330), which changes the subsequent measurement of inventory from lower of cost or market to lower of cost and net realizable value. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016 with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-05, Customer’s Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement (Subtopic 350-40), which provides guidance to customers regarding how to account for a cloud computing arrangement. If a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license, the customer should account for the software license element of the arrangement consistent with other software licenses. If a cloud computing arrangement does not include a software license, the customer should account for the arrangement as a service contract. This guidance was effective for fiscal years beginning after December 31, 2015. Our adoption of this guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2016 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance in ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance and outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14 delaying the effective date for adoption. The update is now effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The guidance provides a five step framework to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of

 

F-13


Table of Contents

goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The new guidance may be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect recognized as of the date of adoption. We have determined that the new revenue recognition standard will not have a material impact on our recognition of food, beverage or amusement revenues.

Note 2: Inventories

Inventories consist of the following for the fiscal years ended:

 

     January 29,
2017
     January 31,
2016
 

Operating store—food and beverage

   $ 5,784      $ 4,975  

Operating store—amusement

     7,772        6,777  

Corporate warehouse—amusement, supplies and other

     8,304        7,777  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 21,860      $ 19,529  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Amusement inventory includes electronics, plush toys and small novelty and other items used as redemption prizes for certain midway games, as well as supplies needed for midway operations.

Note 3: Property and Equipment

Property and equipment consist of the following for the fiscal years ended:

 

     January 29,
2017
     January 31,
2016
 

Land

   $ 3,608      $ 7,288  

Buildings and building improvements

     16,215        14,339  

Leasehold improvements

     512,806        448,723  

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

     236,453        188,689  

Games

     171,714        139,406  

Construction in progress

     53,574        34,791  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cost

     994,370        833,236  

Accumulated depreciation

     (387,505      (309,345
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

   $ 606,865      $ 523,891  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property and equipment (excluding land) are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the assets. Depreciation expense totaled $86,906 for fiscal 2016, $77,261 for fiscal 2015, and $69,466 for fiscal 2014. Interest costs capitalized during the construction of facilities were $462 for fiscal 2016, $559 for fiscal 2015, and $535 for fiscal 2014.

During fiscal 2016, we purchased land in Tampa, Florida in the amount of $3,608, for a future store site, which is expected to open in early fiscal 2018. Additionally during fiscal 2016, we completed sale-leaseback transactions under which we sold the land and buildings of two of our stores to an unrelated party. Net proceeds from the sales were $20,262. In connection with the dispositions, we entered into two long-term leases. The leases are classified as operating leases and the gains of $126 realized on the sales have been deferred and will be amortized over the initial lease term of twenty years.

 

F-14


Table of Contents

Note 4: Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

The following table presents our goodwill and intangible assets for the fiscal years ended:

 

          January 29, 2017     January 31, 2016  
    Useful Lives     Gross Carrying
Amount
    Accumulated
Amortization
    Gross Carrying
Amount
    Accumulated
Amortization
 

Not subject to amortization:

         

Tradenames

    $ 79,000     $ —       $ 79,000     $ —    

Goodwill

      272,629       —         272,694       —    
   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total not subject to amortization

      351,629       —         351,694       —    
   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subject to amortization:

         

Trademarks

    7 years       8,500       (8,104     8,500       (6,893

Customer relationships

    9 years       1,700       (1,259     1,700       (1,071
   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total subject to amortization

      10,200       (9,363     10,200       (7,964
   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total goodwill and intangibles

    $ 361,829     $ (9,363   $ 361,894     $ (7,964
   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The carrying amount of goodwill is impacted by foreign currency translation adjustments. During fiscal 2016 goodwill was reduced by $65 as a result of the foreign currency translation adjustment while during fiscal 2015 it was increased by $102.

Intangible assets subject to amortization are included in “Other assets and deferred charges”, net of accumulated amortization, on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The remaining weighted-average amortization period for intangibles subject to amortization is 1.3 years. Amortization expense was $1,399, $1,399, and $1,402 for the fiscal 2016, 2015, and 2014, respectively. Estimated amortization expense relating to intangible assets subject to amortization is $588, $188, and $61 for each of the next three fiscal years at which time the intangible assets subject to amortization will be fully amortized.

Note 5: Accrued Liabilities

Accrued liabilities consist of the following as of the fiscal years ended:

 

     January 29,
2017
     January 31,
2016
 

Deferred amusement revenue

   $ 28,305      $ 22,623  

Compensation and benefits

     20,886        25,054  

Amusement redemption liability

     15,431        12,816  

Rent

     14,260        12,277  

Deferred gift card revenue

     6,957        6,705  

Property taxes

     4,650        3,556  

Current portion of long term insurance reserves

     4,460        3,591  

Sales and use taxes

     3,872        3,669  

Customer deposits

     3,003        2,734  

Utilities

     2,969        2,753  

Inventory received but not invoiced

     1,134        1,019  

Other

     6,400        6,817  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total accrued liabilities

   $ 112,327      $ 103,614  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

F-15


Table of Contents

Note 6: Debt

Long-term debt consists of the following as of the fiscal years ended:

 

     January 29,
2017
     January 31,
2016
 

Credit Facility—term

   $ 138,750      $ 146,250  

Credit Facility—revolver

     126,000        192,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total debt outstanding

     264,750        338,250  

Less:

     

Current installments—term

     (7,500      (7,500

Debt issuance costs—term

     (622      (834
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Long-term debt, net

   $ 256,628      $ 329,916  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Credit Facility On May 15, 2015, we entered into a senior secured credit facility that provides a $150,000 term loan facility and a $350,000 revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) with a maturity date of May 15, 2020. The $350,000 revolving credit facility includes a $20,000 letter of credit sub-facility and a $10,000 swingline sub-facility. The revolving credit facility is available to provide financing for general purposes. The term loan facility requires quarterly principal payments of $1,875 which began in the third quarter of fiscal 2015 through maturity, when the remaining balance is due. The Credit Facility is secured by the assets of D&B Inc and is unconditionally guaranteed by D&B Holdings and each of its direct and indirect domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries.

As of January 29, 2017, we had letters of credit outstanding of $5,016 and $218,984 of borrowing available under our Credit Facility. We believe that the carrying amount of the Credit Facility approximates its fair value because the interest rates are adjusted regularly based on current market conditions. The fair value of the Company’s Credit Facility was determined to be a Level Two instrument as defined by GAAP.

The interest rates per annum applicable to loans, other than swingline loans, under the Credit Facility are currently set based on a defined LIBOR rate plus an applicable margin. Swingline loans bear interest at a base rate plus an applicable margin. The loans bear interest subject to a pricing grid based on a total leverage ratio, at LIBOR plus a spread ranging from 1.50% to 2.25% for the term loans and the revolving loans. The stated weighted average interest rate on the Credit Facility at January 29, 2017 was 2.28%. The weighted average effective interest rate incurred on our borrowings under the Credit Facility was 2.53%. The weighted average effective rate includes amortization of debt issuance costs, commitment and other fees.

Our Credit Facility contains restrictive covenants that, among other things, places certain limitations on our ability to: incur additional indebtedness, make loans or advances to subsidiaries and other entities, pay dividends, acquire other businesses or sell assets. In addition, our Credit Facility requires us to maintain certain financial ratio covenants. As of January 29, 2017, we were in compliance with the restrictive covenants under the Credit Facility.

The proceeds of the Credit Facility were used to refinance in full the balance of a prior credit facility and to pay related interest and expenses. As a result of the refinancing, we incurred a loss on extinguishment charge of $6,822 in the second quarter of fiscal 2015, consisting of the write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs, unamortized discount and cash paid for related debt fees.

Prior credit facilities and notes During the second quarter of fiscal 2014, proceeds from a senior secured credit facility were used to refinance all of the outstanding credit facility and senior note balances. In October 2014, the Company used proceeds from its initial public offering (“IPO”) and available cash balances to make a prepayment on the existing credit facility. As a result of this activity, we recorded a loss on extinguishment of $27,578.

 

F-16


Table of Contents

Future debt obligations — The following table sets forth our future debt principal payment obligations as of:

 

     January 29,
2017
 

1 year or less

   $ 7,500  

2 years

     7,500  

3 years

     7,500  

4 years

     242,250  

5 years

     —    

Thereafter

     —    
  

 

 

 

Total future payments

   $ 264,750  
  

 

 

 

Interest expense, net — The following tables set forth our recorded interest expense, net for the fiscal years ended:

 

     January 29,
2017
     January 31,
2016
     February 1,
2015
 

Interest expense on credit facilities and notes

   $ 6,896      $ 11,482      $ 25,017  

Interest accretion on note

     —          —          8,341  

Gain on early collection of note receivable

     —          (493      —    

Amortization of issuance cost and discount

     674        867        2,295  

Interest income

     (271      (308      (329

Capitalized interest

     (462      (559      (535

Change in fair value of interest rate cap

     148        475        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest expense, net

   $ 6,985      $ 11,464      $ 34,789  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 7: Income Taxes

The following table sets forth our provision for income taxes for the fiscal years ended:

 

     January 29,
2017
     January 31,
2016
     February 1,
2015
 

Current provision:

        

Federal

   $ 35,596      $ 18,342      $ 739  

State and local

     10,107        5,810        4,617  

Foreign

     72        126        117  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current provision

     45,775        24,278        5,473  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Deferred provision (benefit):

        

Federal

     7,318        8,384        (730

State and local

     (287      (623      (978

Foreign

     (70      92        93  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total deferred provision (benefit)

     6,961        7,853        (1,615
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Provision for income taxes

   $ 52,736      $ 32,131      $ 3,858  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

F-17


Table of Contents

The following tables set forth the significant components of our deferred assets and liabilities as of the fiscal years ended:

 

     January 29,
2017
     January 31,
2016
 

Deferred tax assets:

     

Deferred revenue and redemption ticket liability

   $ 18,318      $ 14,938  

Leasing transactions

     13,735        10,578  

Accrued liabilities

     3,990        5,143  

Workers compensation and general liability insurance

     4,698        4,235  

Tax credit carryovers

     —          4,490  

Share-based compensation

     5,284        3,538  

Net operating loss carryovers

     2,040        2,241  

Indirect benefit of unrecognized tax benefits

     563        536  

Other

     3,108        2,672  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     51,736        48,371  

Valuation allowance

     (821      (1,006
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowance

     50,915        47,365  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Deferred tax liabilities:

     

Trademark/tradename

     (31,545      (31,907

Property and equipment

     (30,956      (20,115

Other

     (465      (433
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total deferred tax liabilities

     (62,966      (52,455
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net deferred tax liabilities

   $ (12,051    $ (5,090
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Reported as:

     

Deferred tax assets, net—current

     —          30,257  

Deferred tax assets, net—noncurrent

     2,446        —    

Deferred tax liablities, net—noncurrent

     (14,497      (35,347
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net deferred tax liabilities

   $ (12,051    $ (5,090
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

At January 29, 2017, we had a valuation allowance of $821 against our deferred tax assets. The ultimate realization of our deferred tax assets is dependent on the generation of future taxable income in the jurisdiction and during periods in which temporary differences become deductible. In assessing the realizability of our deferred tax assets, we considered whether it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Based on the level of recent historical taxable income; consistent generation of annual taxable income, and estimations of future taxable income we have concluded that it is more likely than not that we will realize the federal tax benefits associated with our deferred tax assets. We assessed the realizability of the deferred tax assets associated with state taxes, foreign taxes and uncertain tax positions and have concluded that it is more likely than not that we will realize only a portion of these benefits. Accordingly, we have established a valuation allowance to reduce those deferred tax assets to an amount which we believe will ultimately be realized.

As of January 29, 2017, we have $63,245 of state net operating loss carryforwards. Included in state net operating loss carryforwards is approximately $22,233 of state net operating loss carryforwards related to excess stock compensation. Generally, state net operating losses can be carried forward 20 years. State net operating loss carryforwards do not begin to expire until 2018. As of January 29, 2017, we could not conclude that it was more likely than not that all of our state net operating loss carryforwards, when considered on a state by state basis, will be fully utilized prior to their expiration. Included in our total valuation allowance is $646 related to state net operating losses that may not be realized.

 

F-18


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth the change in unrecognized tax benefits excluding interest, penalties and related income tax benefits for the fiscal years ended:

 

    January 29, 2017     January 31, 2016     February 1, 2015  

Balance at beginning of year

  $ 1,263     $ 566     $ 476  

Additions for tax positions of prior years

    240       711       90  

Reductions for tax positions of prior years

    (76     —         —    

Lapse of statute of limitations

    (79     (14     —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of year

  $ 1,348     $ 1,263     $ 566  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, the accrued interest and penalties on the unrecognized tax benefits were $355 and $399, respectively, excluding any related income tax benefits. The Company recorded accrued interest related to the unrecognized tax benefits and penalties as a component of the provision for income taxes recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

We currently anticipate that approximately $39 of unrecognized tax benefits will be settled through federal and state audits or will be recognized as a result of the expiration of statute of limitations during fiscal 2018. Future recognition of potential interest or penalties, if any, will be recorded as a component of income tax expense. Because of the impact of deferred tax accounting, $980 of unrecognized tax benefits, if recognized, would affect the effective tax rate.

The following table sets forth the reconciliation of the federal statutory rate to the effective income tax rate for the fiscal years ended:

 

    January 29, 2017     January 31, 2016     February 1, 2015  

Federal corporate statutory rate

    35.0     35.0     35.0

State and local income taxes, net of federal income tax benefit

    4.4     2.8     20.7

Foreign taxes

    —       (0.1 )%      —  

Nondeductible expenses

    1.5     1.7     11.3

Tax credits

    (4.1 )%      (5.4 )%      (31.4 )% 

Valuation allowance

    (0.1 )%      0.1     (4.0 )% 

Change in reserve

    —       0.8     1.2

Other

    —       0.1     0.9
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effective tax rate

    36.7     35.0     33.7
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

We file consolidated income tax returns with all our domestic subsidiaries, which are periodically audited by various federal, state and foreign jurisdictions. We are generally no longer subject to federal, state, or foreign income tax examinations for years prior to 2012.

Note 8: Leases

We lease certain property and equipment under various non-cancelable operating leases. Some of the leases include options for renewal or extension on various terms. Most of the leases require us to pay property taxes, insurance and maintenance of the leased assets. Certain leases also have provisions for additional contingent rentals based on revenues. Rent expense is included in “Other store operating expenses” in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. For fiscal 2016, rent expense for operating leases was $77,964, including contingent rentals of $4,263. For fiscal 2015, rent expense for operating leases was $67,537, including contingent rentals of $4,580. For fiscal 2014, rent expense for operating leases was $61,174, including contingent rentals of $3,310. At January 29, 2017 future minimum lease payments, including any periods covered by renewal options we are reasonably assured of exercising are:

 

2017

 

2018

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

Thereafter

 

Total

$88,072

  $85,384   $81,292   $75,038   $68,959   $726,044   $1,124,789

 

 

F-19


Table of Contents

At January 29, 2017, we also had lease commitments on equipment as follows:

 

2017

 

2018

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

Thereafter

 

Total

$327

  $179   $73   $12   $3   $—     $594

As of January 29, 2017 we have signed operating lease agreements for eight future sites which are expected to open in fiscal 2017. The landlord has fulfilled the obligations to commit us to the lease terms under these agreements and therefore, the future obligations related to these locations are included in the table above.

As of January 29, 2017 we have signed twenty additional lease agreements for future sites. Our commitments under these agreements are contingent, upon among other things, the landlord’s delivery of access to the premises for construction. Future obligations related to these agreements are not included in the table above. Subsequent to the year ended January 29, 2017, our future site located in Bayamon, Puerto Rico, included in the twenty lease agreements noted above, has been delivered by the landlord resulting in future commitments of approximately $28,000.

Note 9: Share-Based Compensation

The Company may grant stock options, restricted stock or restricted stock units (“RSU’s”) to executive and management personnel as well as directors. The share-based awards granted in fiscal 2010 through fiscal 2013, consisting of both time-based and performance-based options, were issued pursuant to the terms of the 2010 Stock Incentive Plan. All time-based options become exercisable ratably over a five-year period from the grant date. Performance-based options contain various performance-based vesting provisions depending on the type of performance option granted. As a result of the IPO on October 9, 2014, all performance-based options issued under the 2010 Stock Incentive Plan were modified and became fully vested. All option awards granted prior to the IPO were adjusted to affect the 224.9835679 for 1 stock split on both number of outstanding options and the exercise price.

The share-based awards granted in fiscal 2016, fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014 were issued pursuant to the terms of the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan. The maximum number of shares of common stock issuable under the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan is 3,100,000 shares. Time-based options granted to employees generally become exercisable ratably over a three-year period from the grant date. Certain time-based options granted to executives at the IPO date vest 50% after a period of three years and 50% after a period of four years. Performance-based RSU’s awarded to employees fully vest after three years, subject to the achievement of performance conditions. Time-based RSU’s granted during fiscal 2016 have various service periods not exceeding five years.

Options granted under both plans terminate on the ten-year anniversary of the grants. Stock option awards generally provide continued vesting, in the event of termination, for employees that reach age 60 or greater and have at least ten years of service or for employees that reach age 65. Unvested stock options, restricted stock and RSU’s are generally forfeited by employees who terminate prior to vesting.

Each share granted subject to a stock option award or time-based RSU award reduces the number of shares available under the Company’s stock incentive plans by one share. Each share granted subject to a performance RSU award reduces the number of shares available under the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan by a range of one share if the target performance is achieved, up to a maximum of two shares for performance above target and a minimum of no shares if performance is below a minimum threshold target.

Compensation expense associated with share-based equity awards granted has been calculated as required by current accounting standards related to stock compensation. The valuation of our stock option awards has been determined using the Black-Scholes option valuation model. The Black-Scholes option valuation model uses assumptions of expected volatility, the expected dividend yield of our stock, the expected term of the awards and the risk-free interest rate, as well as our estimated fair value of our common stock. Since our stock had not

 

F-20


Table of Contents

been publicly traded prior to our IPO, the expected volatility was based on an average of the historical volatility of certain of our competitors’ stocks over the expected term of the share-based awards. The dividend yield assumption was based on our history. The expected term of share-based awards represented the weighted-average period the share-based award was expected to remain outstanding. The risk-free interest rate was based on the implied yield on U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issues with a remaining term equivalent to the expected term. For all stock options granted prior to or in connection with our IPO during fiscal 2014, we obtained fair value valuation analysis prepared by an independent third-party valuation firm. These valuations utilized approaches and methodologies consistent with the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Practice Aid, Valuation of Privately-Held-Company Equity Securities Issued as Compensation, and information provided by our management, including historical and projected financial information, prospects and risks, our performance, various corporate documents, capitalization and economic and financial market conditions. The third-party valuation firm also utilized other economic, industry, and market information obtained from other resources considered reliable. The method used by the valuation firm utilized discounted cash flow, guideline public company and external transaction approaches to determine value ranges. We believe the combination of these methods provides an appropriate estimate of our expected fair value ranges. For all stock options granted subsequent to our IPO, we have obtained fair value valuation analyses prepared by an independent third-party valuation firm, and the analyses utilized the market-determined share price.

The significant assumptions used in determining the underlying fair value of the weighted-average options granted in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014 were as follows:

 

     2014 Stock Incentive Plan  
     Fiscal 2016     Fiscal 2015     Fiscal 2014  
     Service
Based
    Service
Based
    Service
Based
 

Volatility

     34.0     37.0     51.3

Risk free interest rate

     1.29     1.56     1.96

Expected dividend yield

     0.00     0.00     0.00

Expected term – in years

     5.9       5.9       6.8  

Weighted average calculated value

   $ 13.62     $ 12.01     $ 8.45  

Compensation expense related to stock options with only service conditions (time-based) is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for each separately vesting portion of the award or to the date on which retirement eligibility is achieved, if shorter. As a result of the IPO and the related accelerated vesting of all performance-based options, and resulting re-evaluation of forfeiture assumptions related to such options, the Company recognized additional compensation expense of $1,080 during fiscal 2014. Compensation expense related to stock option plans was $3,483, $2,964 and $2,212 during the fiscal year ended January 29, 2017, January 31, 2016 and February 1, 2015, respectively.

Compensation expense for RSU’s and restricted shares is based on the market price of the shares underlying the awards on the grant date. Compensation expense for RSU’s based on performance reflects the estimated probability that performance conditions at target or above will be met, and time-based RSU’s and restricted shares are expensed ratably over the service period. We recorded compensation expense related to our RSU’s and restricted shares awards of $2,345 and $1,145 during the fiscal year ended January 29, 2017 and January 31, 2016, respectively.

 

F-21


Table of Contents

Transactions related to stock option awards during fiscal 2016 were as follows:

 

     2014 Stock Incentive Plan      2010 Stock Incentive Plan  
     Service based options      Service based options      Performance based options  
     Number
of Options
    Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
     Number
of Options
    Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
     Number
of Options
    Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 

Outstanding at January 31, 2016

     699,179     $ 21.72        451,401     $ 7.07        1,890,424     $ 4.57  

Granted

     279,915       39.14        —         —          —         —    

Exercised

     (15,732     31.71        (109,760     5.44        (1,007,012     4.64  

Forfeited

     (129,863     24.62        —         —          —         —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Outstanding at January 29, 2017

     833,499       26.93        341,641       7.59        883,412       4.49  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Exercisable at January 29, 2017

     89,227     $ 31.79        229,174     $ 7.34        883,412     $ 4.49  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The total intrinsic value of options exercised during fiscal 2016 and 2015 was $50,403 and $45,090, respectively. The unrecognized expense related to our stock option plan totaled approximately $2,503 as of January 29, 2017 and will be expensed over a weighted average 1.4 years. For options outstanding at January 29, 2017, the weighted average remaining contractual life was 5.8 years and the aggregate intrinsic value was $83,800. For options exercisable at January 29, 2017, the weighted average remaining contractual life was 4.3 years and the aggregate intrinsic value was $57,400.

Transactions related to time-based and performance-based RSU’s and restricted stock during fiscal 2016 were as follows:

 

     Shares      Weighted
Average
Fair Value
 

Outstanding at January 31, 2016

     70,534      $ 31.75  

Granted

     85,275        40.71  

Vested

     (11,174      32.18  

Forfeited

     (16,547      35.47  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Outstanding at January 29, 2017

     128,088      $ 37.19  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fair value of our time-based and performance-based RSU’s and restricted stock is based on our closing stock price on the date of grant. The weighted average fair value for RSU’s and restricted stock issued during fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 was $40.71 and $31.75, respectively. The fair value of shares that vested during fiscal 2016 was $360 and there were no shares vested during fiscal 2015. The unrecognized expense related to our time-based and performance-based RSU’s and unvested restricted stock was $4,140 as of January 29, 2017 and will be expensed over a weighted average 2.2 years.

The Company satisfies stock option exercise activity and share unit conversion through both the issuance of new shares and the use of existing treasury shares.

Note 10: Employee Benefit Plans

We sponsor a plan to provide retirement benefits under the provisions of Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code (the “401(k) Plan”) for all employees who have completed a specified term of service. We provide for a guaranteed matching of 25% of employee contributions, up to a maximum of 6% of eligible employee compensation, as defined by the 401(k) Plan. The Company also has a discretionary contribution dependent upon attaining the performance target. Should the Company achieve the performance target, it would contribute an additional 25% of qualified employee contributions. Employees may elect to contribute up

 

F-22


Table of Contents

to 50% of their eligible compensation on a pretax basis. Benefits under the 401(k) Plan are limited to the assets of the 401(k) Plan. Expenses related to our contributions to the 401(k) Plan were $889, $764, and $648 for fiscal 2016, 2015, and 2014, respectively.

The Company offers a deferred compensation plan that permits a select group of management or highly compensated employees to defer a portion of their compensation. Under this plan, eligible employees may elect to defer up to 50% of their base salary on a pre-tax basis each plan year. Each pay period, the Company matches 25% of the employee’s contributions up to the first 6% of salary deferred. At the end of each year, if the Company’s performance target is met, the Company contributes an additional amount, equal to the employer match contributed each pay period. Any contributions to a participant’s account vest in equal portions over a five-year period, and becomes immediately vested upon termination of a participant’s employment on or after age 65 or by reason of the participant’s death or disability, and upon a change of control (as defined). The deferred compensation plan assets are invested through a rabbi trust. Assets in the rabbi trust are invested in certain mutual funds that cover an investment spectrum ranging from equities to money market instruments and are available to satisfy the claims of the Company’s creditors in the event of bankruptcy or insolvency. These mutual funds have published market prices and are reported at fair value using quoted prices available on identical assets and liabilities in active markets, representing Level One assets as defined by GAAP. The Company recognized $237, $211 and $205 of deferred compensation expense in fiscal 2016, fiscal 2015, and fiscal 2014, respectively. As of January 29, 2017, $5,105 of deferred compensation plan assets are included in “Other assets and deferred charges” and the offsetting deferred compensation plan liabilities are included in “Other liabilities” in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Note 11: Commitments and Contingencies

We are subject to certain legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business, including claims alleging violations of federal and state law regarding workplace and employment matters, discrimination and similar matters. In the opinion of management, based upon consultation with legal counsel, the amount of ultimate liability with respect to such legal proceedings and claims will not materially affect the consolidated results of our operations or our financial condition.

We are subject to the terms of a settlement agreement with the Federal Trade Commission that requires us, on an ongoing basis, to establish, implement, and maintain a comprehensive information security program that is reasonably designed to protect the security, confidentiality, and integrity of personal information collected from or about consumers. The agreement does not require us to pay any fines or other monetary assessments and we do not believe that the terms of the agreement will have a material adverse effect on our business, operations, or financial performance.

Note 12: Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) represents net income divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS represents net income divided by the basic weighted average number of common shares plus, if dilutive, potential common shares outstanding during the period. Potential common shares consist of incremental common shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options (both vested and unvested) and unvested RSU’s. Unvested performance RSU’s were not included in the calculation of dilutive common shares as they did not meet the criteria for inclusion per GAAP guidance. The effect of dilutive common shares is determined using the treasury-stock method.

 

F-23


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth the computation of EPS, basic and diluted for the fiscal years ended:

 

(in thousands, except share and per share data)    January 29, 2017      January 31, 2016      February 1, 2015  

Numerator:

        

Net income

   $ 90,795      $ 59,619      $ 7,636  

Denominator:

        

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

     41,951,770        40,968,455        35,314,884  

Effect of dilutive common shares for equity-based awards

     1,336,822        1,815,450        1,811,164  

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

     43,288,592        42,783,905        37,126,048  

Net income per share:

        

Basic

   $ 2.16      $ 1.46      $ 0.22  

Diluted

   $ 2.10      $ 1.39      $ 0.21  

Note 13: Quarterly Financial Information (unaudited)

 

     Fiscal 2016 Quarters Ended  
     5/1/2016      7/31/2016      10/30/2016      1/29/2017  

Total revenues

   $ 261,987      $ 244,330      $ 228,659      $ 270,182  

Income before provision for income taxes

     49,064        34,114        17,095        43,258  

Net income

     31,161        21,512        10,755        27,367  

Net income per share of common stock:

           

Basic

   $ 0.75      $ 0.51      $ 0.26      $ 0.65  

Diluted

   $ 0.72      $ 0.50      $ 0.25      $ 0.63  

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

           

Basic

     41,659,879        41,870,680        42,061,235        42,215,285  

Diluted

     43,112,141        43,283,834        43,327,812        43,369,754  

Stores open at end of period

     84        86        88        92  
     Fiscal 2015 Quarters Ended  
     5/3/2015      8/2/2015      11/1/2015      1/31/2016  

Total revenues

   $ 222,675      $ 217,339      $ 192,753      $ 234,215  

Income before provision for income taxes

     31,098        17,722        7,275        35,655  

Net income

     19,542        12,573        4,554        22,950  

Net income per share of common stock:

           

Basic

   $ 0.49      $ 0.31      $ 0.11      $ 0.55  

Diluted

   $ 0.46      $ 0.29      $ 0.11      $ 0.53  

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

           

Basic

     40,235,141        40,850,649        41,241,274        41,548,060  

Diluted

     42,377,014        42,706,155        42,938,502        43,097,656  

Stores open at end of period

     74        76        77        81  

Income before provision for income taxes for fiscal 2015 included a $6,822 loss on debt retirement due to the refinancing of debt during the second quarter.

 

F-24


Table of Contents

INDEX OF EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit

Number

  

Description

    3.1    Third Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the current Report filed on Form 8-K by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on June 17, 2016 (No. 001-35664))
    3.2    Second Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Quarterly Report filed on Form 10-Q by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on December 17, 2014 (No. 001-35664))
    4.1    Form of Stock Certificate (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Amendment 1 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 24, 2014 (No. 333-198641))
  10.1    Form of Employee Agreement by and among Dave & Buster’s Management Corporation, Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc., and the various executive officers of Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 18, 2015 (No. 333-207031))
  10.2    Dave & Buster’s Parent, Inc. 2010 Management Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Form S-4 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s, Inc. on August 11, 2010 (No. 333-168759))
  10.3    Amendment No. 1 to the Dave & Buster’s Parent, Inc. 2010 Management Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the quarterly report on Form 10-Q filed by Dave & Buster’s, Inc. on June 15, 2011) (No. 001-15007)
  10.4    Amendment No. 2 to the Dave & Buster’s Parent, Inc. 2010 Management Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.6 to the annual report on Form 10-K filed by Dave & Buster’s, Inc. on April 16, 2013) (No. 001-15007)
  10.5    Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. 2014 Omnibus Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Form S-8 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on October 9, 2014 (No. 333-199239))
  10.6    Form of Nonqualified Stock Option Award Agreement, by and between Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. and various Directors of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.7 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 18, 2015 (No. 333-207031))
  10.7    Form of Nonqualified Stock Option Award Agreement, by and between Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. and various employees of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 18, 2015 (No. 333-207031))
  10.8    Form of Restricted Stock Award Agreement, by and between Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. and various Directors of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.9 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 18, 2015 (No. 333-207031))
  10.9    Form of Restricted Stock Unit and Cash Award Agreement, by and between Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. and various employees of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.10 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 18, 2015 (No. 333-207031))
  10.10    Dave & Buster’s Select Executive Retirement Plan as amended and restated by Dave & Buster’s I, L.P., effective January 1, 2005 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.11 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 8, 2014 (No. 333-198641))


Table of Contents

Exhibit

Number

  

Description

  10.11    Form of Indemnification Agreement for directors, executive officers and key employees (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.12 to the Amendment 1 to the Form S-1 Registration Statement filed by Dave & Buster’s Entertainment, Inc. on September 24, 2014 (No. 333-198641))
  10.12    Credit Agreement, dated as of May 15, 2015 by and among Dave & Buster’s Holdings, Inc., the direct and indirect Subsidiaries of the Borrower from time to time party thereto, as guarantors, the several financial institutions from time to time party thereto, as lenders, Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, swing line lender and L/C issuer and Wells Fargo, National Association, as syndication agent (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 18, 2015)
  21.1*    List of subsidiaries of the Registrant